Архитектура Аудит Военная наука Иностранные языки Медицина Металлургия Метрология
Образование Политология Производство Психология Стандартизация Технологии
Listen to the interview with Christina Kramer. (Tapescript 1, Appendix 2). Consult the words below. Mark each statement true or false and correct the false ones.
challenge – вызов, перспектива
be fluent in Japanese – свободно говорить на японском
contribute to – делать вклад, способствовать
be good at training staff – хорошо обучать персонал
meet deadlines – укладываться в срок
1.23. Make the following job interview questions:
1. do / why / this job / want you?
2. strengths / what / your / are?
3. what kind of people /work / well / with / do you?
4. interests / what / your / are?
5. have / what mistakes / you / made?
6. any questions / to ask / you / have / do / us?
Listen again to the tape and check your answers.
Ask and answer these questions (ex. 1.23) in pairs.
Listen to three stores and fill in the gaps (Tapescript 2, Appendix 2). If necessary consult the list of words.
group interview – собеседование в присутствии
sales rep. – торговый представитель
media – средства массовой информации
jug of water – графин воды
pour – наливать, налить
was embarrassed – был смущён
got stuck in traffic – застрял в “пробке”
hooted his horn – просигналил
ignored him – не обратил внимание на него
trainee accountant – бухгалтер-стажёр
ashtray – поднос
afterwards – после, в последствии
Listen to three stories and fill in the gaps
Charlie: My worst interview (1) ...................... was about three years ago. I had a group interview for a (2) ...................... job with a big media company. I was fine at first but when the interviewer asked me a question I suddenly began to feel very (3) ...................... . My throat went dry and I couldn’t speak. They (4) ...................... me a jug of water and a cup. All 20 people in the room stopped and looked at me. I tried to pour the water into the cup but my hand was shaking so much that the water went everywhere. I was so (5) ....................... I had to leave the room. I still go cold all over when I think about it.
Alison: Well, I think my worst (6) ....................... was about two months ago. I had an interview for a (7) ...................... that I really wanted. I decide to drive but I got (8) ...................... in traffic and when I got there I was in a big (9) ...................... . By mistake, I parked my old car in the (10) ...................... parking place. He arrived as I was getting out of my car. He hooted his horn and asked me to park somewhere else. I ignored him and ran off to the interview. Unfortunately, he was the interviewer and he was so angry that he didn’t even give me an interview.
Kevin: My first interview after leaving college was for a trainee (11) ...................... job in a firm in Leicester. When I walked into the room the interviewer threw an (12) ...................... at me. I quickly moved to one side and it missed. (13) ...................... , I didn’t get the job. They told me afterwards that the ashtray was to test how people (14) ...................... . The person who caught the ashtray and (15) ....................... it back got the job! The people who moved to one side or caught it and put it back on the desk, didn’t!
Mark the following statements true or false, correct the false ones.
1.29. Listen again. In which story did the person …
1. not have an interview?
2. need a drink?
3. have to react quickly?
4. ignore interviewer?
5. still feel embarrassed about what happened?
6. not know they would throw an ashtray?
Applying for a job
(Applying for a job)
Planning a Career
Having a job and having a career are two very different things. A job is something you do to make money. You may enjoy the job, work hard at it and do well, but you are primarily doing it for the money to satisfy your other interests outside of the work environment. A career is something that integrates your desires and interests so that it gives you satisfaction above and beyond the money you make. To have a career means commitment and development but first of all planning. This process can begin at any age. For some people it starts when they are a small child and visit mom or dad at their place of work. For others it can come later through the inspiration of a teacher or exposure to a wider range of fields.
It is up to each individual to decide whether a job or career is best for them. People may share the same talent and interest but other aspects of their personality will dictate which direction to go with that interest. For example, one guitar player may decide to plan a career as a professional musician. Another may decide that the financial insecurity is too much for him, get a regular job and satisfy his musical interests in his free time.
Whether you decide to get a job or plan a career, the job market today is quite different from that of your parents (and even probably from your elder sibling). In the Soviet system, under raspredeleniye, young people were guaranteed a job upon graduation. Now, not only are there any guarantees after university, institute or school, but available jobs are scarce and difficult to secure. The young person in today's Russia faces a very competitive job market.
What do the new dynamics of the Russian job market mean for young people? First, if they have decided they want a career, they must start early in their academic life to plan and take steps to develop their professional careers. Second, in addition to a suitable background for a desired career, creativity, self-promotion and preparation are absolutely vital for any sort of success in the job search. Last, students must develop confidence in themselves and recognize the power that each of them has to take control of their future and shape it in a way that is best for them.
Read the text and say if you agree or disagree with the following statements.
13. Having a job and having a career are two very different things.
14. Planning a career can begin at any age.
15. The choice of a career doesn't only depend on a person's talents and interests.
16. To face a competitive job market is to have no guarantees for getting a job.
17. To take control of the future and to be well-prepared for the challenges of the job market, one should take several very important steps.
Why People Work
Have you ever asked yourself what you are working for? If you have ever had the time to consider this question, or put it to others, you might well have heard some or all of the following. “It's the money of course,” some say with a smile, as if explaining something to a small child. Or it's the satisfaction of a job well done, the sense of achievement behind the clinching of an important deal. I worked as a bus conductor once, and I can't say I felt the same as I staggered along the swaying aisle trying to sell tickets without falling into someone's lap. It's the company of other people perhaps, but if that is the case, what about farmers? Is it the conversation in the farmyard that keeps them captivated by the job? “Work is power and a sense of status,” say those who have either attained these elusive goals, or feel distressed that nobody has yet recognized their leadership qualities. Or we can blame it all on someone else, the family or the taxman. I suspect, and I say this under my breath, that most of us work rather as Mr. Micawber lived, hoping for something to turn up. We'll win the lottery, and tell the boss what we really think. We'll scrape together the money and open that little shop we always dreamed of, or go around the world, or spend more time in the garden. One day we'll get that promotion we deserve, but until then at least we have something to do. And we are so busy doing it that we won't have time to wonder why.
Answer the questions.
1. Why do you think people don't usually ask themselves about their reasons for work?
2. What reasons for working are given in the passage? Do you think they are serious?
3. Who can say that work is power?
4. Does the author of the passage agree with the opinions he presents in the passage? Why?
5. What other reasons for working can you think of?
Make Your Job Work for You
Your job can be a step in the direction of the rest of your life. How you feel about it, what you learn from it, what you do with it or what it does to you helps you to decide where you go from there. If you want to get the most out of it, if you want it to lead you down the path of success, there are certain things you should do. Here are some suggestions:
Don’t let the salary be your main reason for taking the job. Sometimes a lower paying job with the right company and the right contacts can do a lot more for you than a higher salary. Decide what is the lowest pay with which you can be satisfied. Then decide what other things can be important. How much training and/or experience can you get on this job. Some companies give their new employees priceless training. On-the-job experience can be very valuable to you when you apply for your next job. It gives you the practical experience that no school can offer. This can lead to a much higher salary later. What chances are there for advancement within the company? Sometimes accepting a lower paying job gives you a chance to show your boss how capable you are and how valuable you can be to the company. This will pay off later.
Another very important item for you to think about when you apply for the job is the type of contacts you can make. Just as a smart student chooses professors rather than just courses, a smart employee tries to meet and become friendly with the people who help him or her move ahead, either in this company or on the next job. Even if you can’t do that, however, just having the opportunity to meet and develop a relationship with different kinds of personalities can help you develop skills that may move you ahead much faster on your next job. Learning about the job from other people, or learning what it takes to move ahead in a company by observing other people, is an extremely valuable skill.
OK, so now you have the job and you want to make an impression – you want people to notice you. What can you do to become a valuable employee? Do a little bit more and do it well. It really isn’t that hard to be successful in your life. It’s too bad, but many people try to do as little as they can on the job. Take advantage of that – do just a little bit more. This is not to suggest that you should allow anyone to take advantage of you. However, it is suggested that you do your work faithfully and competently and to the best of your ability at all times. There is a saying: “Build a better mousetrap and the world will beat a path to your door.” One way to be noticed in a company is to suggest little things that can improve the routine way that things are done. You must be careful here, however. Sometimes a way of doing thing has been established that has been carefully thought through and has advantages that you don’t realize. The wrong suggestion can hurt you as much as the right suggestion can help you.
Do remember that other employees can be helpful to you. You should at least try not to score points by being critical of a fellow employee who is also doing his or her best job. Ambition, jealousy, and personality differences are encountered on any job, but the more friends you make and the fewer enemies, the better position you are in. There are times when you will need the help of your fellow employees. It is then that your prior actions can result in the kind of back-stabbing that hurts.
There is another important point to be made. Sometimes you may realize that you made a mistake by taking this job. Don’t feel married to it. If it will help your career, quit it and look for another. This is the time when the friends you have made, the reputation you have earned on the job, and the experience and training you have gotten will be most helpful. No job is ever a waste of time because if you have given it your best, you have learned something from it. Take all this with you to your next job and continue to move up from there.
First, of course, you have to get the job. When you do, though, it’s up to you to become a valuable employee. Good luck!
Answer the questions.
13. What may the reasons for taking a lower paying job be?
14. How can the contacts you make in the company help you move ahead?
15. What should you do to be a more important employee?
16. How do you understand: “Build a better mousetrap and the world will beat a path to your door”?
17. How can your fellow employees be helpful to you?
18. When do you think you should quit the job?
19. Why is it said that no job can be a waste of time?
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