Архитектура Аудит Военная наука Иностранные языки Медицина Металлургия Метрология
Образование Политология Производство Психология Стандартизация Технологии 


Agree or disagree with the statements using the following




phrases: indeed, of course, certainly, that goes without saying.

1. A professional engineer doesn’t need to have a university 

degree.

2. Engineer has to be educated in his professional field and the  

related sciences.

3. Cooperation with management and government representatives 

is not necessary.

4. Nowadays the environmental problems related to the engineering

projects don’t bother people at all.

5. Fish has come to the Nile Delta due to nutrients.

2. Discuss the information about:

· практичне застосування теоретичних знань

· емпіричне знання

· найдавніший посібник з будівництва

· визначення цивільного будівництва

· які споруди входять до складу поняття цивільне будівництво

· підрозділи цивільного будівництва

· конкурентноздатність сучасного інженера у галузі будівництва

 

3. Make an overview of the issues :

· Modern engineers still confront many problems which were well known to their ancient colleagues.

· The most appropriate definition of civil engineering.

· The challenge of the civil engineering is that all the structures and systems are different.

· In their work engineers must meet two major requirements.

· Civil engineering systems must checked on hidden or delayed hazards.

· Undesirable effects of the Aswan Dam, one of the engineering wonders of modern times.

· A modern engineer must have a comprehensive university education.

· Mathematics is very important and ranks high in the engineering curriculum.

· A certified civil engineer has a variety of choices because people who have technical training are in demand.  

 

4. In pairs ask and answer questions about:

· Obligatory subjects in the engineering curriculum

· The importance of mathematics in all branches of engineering

· Computer programming as included in engineering curricula

· The requirements on social sciences and language arts

· Fields of specialisation for the future civil engineers

· The demand for civil engineers in today’s world

· Areas in which a civil engineer can work

· Research as a very important aspect of scientific and engineering practice

· The role of civil engineers in design

· Different engineers are involved in large projects

 

 

Role Play

1. Work as an interpreter in the following dialogue:

2. Why do many structures from ancient time still exist?   3. What does civil engineering deal with?     4. What is a professional engineer?   5. How must the civil engineering systems and projects be assessed?   6. Why did fish go away from the Nile Delta?     7. What variables must be considered in the design of the bridge?   8. What is the role of civil engineers in the space programmes? 1. Багато стародавніх конструкцій існують і досить, тому що вони були побудовані міцніше у порівнянні із сучасними стандартами. 2. Цивільне будівництво займається проектуванням і будівництвом об’єктів, які є стаціонарними, наприклад, будинки, будівлі, дамби, тунелі, мости, канали. 3. Професійний інженер-будівельник має університетську освіту з математики, природничих наук і однієї з інженерних спеціальностей. 4. Проекти і системи цивільного будівництва підлягають оцінці їх екологічного впливу на забруднення повітря та інші природні ресурси. 5. Поживні речовини, які раніше виносилися рікою, почали затримуватися дамбою і як результат, косяки риб зникли з дельти Нілу. 6. При проектуванні мосту такі змінні величини, як дія тиску води на фундамент, вплив різних сил вітру та багато інших факторів мають бути враховані.   7. У космічних програмах інженери-будівельники необхідні, щоб проектувати та будувати такі конструкції, як пускові платформи та споруди для зберігання ракет.


UNIT TWO CIVIL ENGINEERING AS CAREE

 

 R E A D I N G

 

Key Terms

1. Study key terms and their definitions before reading Text A:

engineering the profession and activity of designing roads, bridges, machines, electrical equipment etc
construction engineering the branch of civil engineering that involves planning and execution of the designs from different types of civil engineers
environmental engineering the subdivision of civil engineering that deals with treatment of wastes and purification of water and air, etc
geotechnical engineering  the area of civil engineering concerned with the rock and soil that civil engineering systems are supported by
                                                 water resources engineering the branch of civil engineering dealing with the collection and management of water as a natural resource
structural engineering the sub-field of civil engineering concerned with the structural design and analysis of large structures such as buildings, towers, bridges, tunnels, etc
material engineering material engineering deals with ceramics, metals, polymers, etc

 

2. Match these terms with their definitions:

1. water resources engineering a. the subdivision of civil engineering that deals with treatment of wastes and purification of water and air, etc
2. geotechnical engineering b. the profession and activity of designing roads, bridges, machines, electrical equipment etc
3. structural engineering             c. the branch of civil engineering that involves planning and execution of the designs from different types of civil engineers
4. construction engineering d. the subfield of civil engineering concerned with the structural design and analysis of large structures such as buildings, towers, bridges, tunnels, etc
5. material engineering e. the branch of civil engineering dealing with the collection and management of water as a natural resource
6. environmental engineering f. the area of civil engineering concerned with the rock and soil that civil engineering systems are supported by
7. engineering g. material engineering deals with ceramics, metals, polymers, etc

3. Answer the questions using the key terms and their definitions:

1. What is construction engineering?

2. How is the subfield of civil engineering concerned with the structural design and analysis of large structures defined?

3. Give the definition of geotechnical engineering.

4.  What is water resources engineering?

5. What branch of civil engineering involves planning and execution of the designs from different types of civil engineers?

6. What is environmental engineering?

7. What is engineering?

 

International words

1. Read and give Ukrainian equivalents:

career, tunnel, municipal, chemical, hydraulic, geotechnical, ecology, biology, dynamics, statistics, asphalt, channel, meteorology, storm, distribution system, aluminum, steel.

 

2. Give English equivalents:

Дисципліна, мати тенденцію, будівельний код, тунель, канал, запропонована дія, дренажні засобі, операції з логістики, природний ресурс.
Text A

R ead, translate and be ready to do tasks after the text:





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