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Customs and traditions. Holidays in the UK.




Ways of celebrating differ according to customs and religions of the world. For example, before my trips to the East I (to learn) that people in Moslem societies celebrate New Year by wearing new clothes. It became true.

The same year I happened to observe how Southeast Asians (to release) birds and turtles to assure themselves good luck in the twelve months ahead.

My Italian friends (to throw) the old furniture out before New Year. When I celebrated New Year in India my neighbour (he was Hindu) before going to bed (to leave) shrines next to his bed so he could see beautiful objects at the start of New Year. Jewish people consider the day holy. Once before doing sightseeing in Israel I (to participate) in a religious ceremony at a meal with special foods. Following year I visited my colleagues in Japan. Japanese (to prepare) rice cakes at a social event the week before New Year. The last New Year I saw in China. Before New Year many Chinese families (to burn) the picture of their God, Tsao Chen, to bring good luck. When New Year’s Day (to come) they put a new picture of Tsao Chen on the wall. 

So, “So many countries so many customs”. 

Easter

Easter is a religious holiday, but many follow old traditions during the holiday such as dyeing hard-boiled eggs, and making presents of chocolate eggs, rabbits and chicks. Many parents organize Easter egg hunts, in which children look for dyed eggs hidden around the house or in the garden.

Christmas

Christmas is a very great religious holiday. On this day many go to Church services to celebrate the birth of Jesus Christ. There are many Christmas traditions, for example to give presents to the children with the help of Santa Claus, to exchange presents and Christmas greeting cards, to decorate a Christmas tree with toys and small lights.

New Year

It is not such important holiday in England as Christmas. Some people don’t celebrate it at all. Many people have New Year parties. At midnight the people listen to the chimes of Big Ben, drink a toast to the New Year. In London crowds usually gather round the statue of Eros in Piccadilly Circus and welcome the New Year.

St. Valentine’s Day

For centuries it (February 14th) has been a day for choosing sweethearts and exchanging Valentine cards. On this day, people show their friends, relatives and loved ones that they care. People send candy or flowers to those whom they love. There are several legends about St. Valentine’s Day. One of the legends says that Valentine was an Italian bishop. He was put into prison, because he secretly married couples contrary to the laws of the Roman empire. He was beheaded on February 14th.

May Spring Festival

It is celebrated on the 1st of May mostly by children and young people. It is celebrated with garlands of flowers, dancing and games on the village green, where they erect a maypole – a tall pole decorated with flowers and ribbons. The most beautiful girl is crowned with a garland of flowers as the May Queen.

Spring Bank Holiday

It is celebrated on the last Monday in May. It is an official holiday, when all the offices are closed and people don’t go to work. Many people go to the country on this day and have picnics.

Late Summer Bank Holiday

It is an official holiday, and it is celebrated on the last Monday in August. During the August Bank Holiday townsfolk usually go to the country and to the seacoast. The August Bank Holiday is also a time for big sports meetings at large stadiums. And most traditionally, there are large fairs with swings, shows and every kind of other entertainments.

Guy Fawkes Night

It commemorates the discovery of the so-called Gunpowder Plot. The story says that there was a plot to destroy the Houses of Parliament and kill King James I during the ceremony of opening Parliament on November 5th, 1605. The plot was organized by a group of Roman Catholics. But the gunpowder was found together with Guy Fawkes, who was to set off the explosion. He was hanged later. This day is traditionally celebrated with fireworks and a bonfire, on which the figure of a man called Guy is burnt.

Holiday in the USA

The population of the United States is made up of people of very many nationalities. Their predecessors came to America from different countries, and they brought their native celebrations with them. They all became Americans, but they kept many traditions of those countries they had come from. That is why the number of holidays in different states of America is various. But the most important holidays are marked throughout the United States.

One of the greatest holidays is Independence Day. It was on July 4, 1776, that the Declaration of Independence was signed, proclaiming independence of thirteen British colonies from Great Britain. July 4 has became the greatest holiday since. In the past this day was marked with big parades and fireworks, but now it is celebrated more quietly. Cities and towns are decorated with flags on that day, there are parades in some places, but most people just go on picnics to the countryside.

Another great holiday is New Year's Day. People see the old year off and the New Year in. Most people stay up all night, even children. At midnight many people go outside and shout "Happy New Year!" Some people set off fireworks and blow automobile horns which are heard everywhere. Everybody exchanges presents and good wishes. Offices, factories, banks and stores do not work on this day.

Christmas is a religious holiday which symbolized the birth of Jesus Christ. By this day people set fir trees in their houses and decorate them with toys and candies. Children wait for Santa Claus who comes to every house and brings them presents. Before going to bed, children leave their shoes to find in them what they want most of all the next morning. Some people, especially young people, like to celebrate in good companies, in restaurants and cafes, but most people prefer to stay at home with the whole family on this day.

Thanksgiving Day is kind of religious holiday too. It falls on the fourth Thursday in November. On this day people thank God for his goodness; besides, it marks the end of the harvest season on farms. It is a long-standing tradition to fry a large turkey for a festive meal on this day. Thanksgiving has been celebrated since the first harvest festival in America in the autumn of 1621.

KSMU

Karaganda State Medical University today is one of the leading medical educational establishments of the Republic of Kazakhstan: according to the facts of the National Accreditation Centre’s rating in 2008 year, KSMU has occupied the 8th place among 60 Kazakhstan educational establishments and now it is the leading medical school in republic. National Certification Commission (2007) marked the high achievements in the University of teaching, research and education and was encouraged to «establish a school of excellence based on KSMU not only for medical universities in Kazakhstan, but in Central Asian republics and CIS countries ».

KSMU is the first medical institution in the CIS, has successfully held in mid-2005, ratification in accordance with the requirements of all activities of management quality ISO 9001-2000 certification body NQA - Russia - the Russian Mission of the British authority in certification systems management, NQA - UK Global Assurance.
5000 students study on 5 Faculties from all regions of Kazakhstan, CIS countries, as well as foreign nationalities in our University. Education in the University is conducted in three languages - Kazakh, Russian and English. In our high school implemented the multilevel structure of the continuous training of health personnel, including a medical college, which trains health-based middle managers, as well as the faculty of postgraduate education and continuous professional improvement, where every year over three thousand medical doctors of various specialties are trained. High levels of post-graduate training at the university confirmed a significant increase (of 6.5 times compared to 2006) applications for the specialization and training of physicians from all regions of Kazakhstan.
Competitiveness of our high school is supported by developed infrastructure: 4 comfortable well-organized educational corps with lecture and seminar classrooms, 7 dormitories, 36 bases of the clinical departments, as well as their clinical base - the student clinic and dental clinic. In 2009, as compared to 2006, the amount of computers in the departments and units of University, connected to network Internet, increased in 3.5 times including in some dormitories.

KSMU has a license for teaching in the master's degree, postgraduate, doctorate. The Dissertation Council of dependence doctoral thesis and works in the specialty "Clinical pharmacology, pharmacology; the internal medicine" works actively, as well as two Dissertation Councils in conjunction with the high school in capital. There is a teaching stuff of high qualified teachers in our University: about 200 of them have a doctorate degree and Ph.D. All of them are actively involved in the International and Republican conferences and workshops: there were 336 trips in 2008 year. The amount of teachers trained overseas has increased by more than 5 times compared with 2006.

KSMU has close international links with universities and research centres in countries near and far abroad, has a strong scientific base, where the SIC, which has successfully carried out research on contemporary applied and basic on-board medical science. The University is collaborating with the Association of medical education in Europe (AMEE), Great Britain, World Federation of medical education in improving the quality of medical education. On the basis of our high school regularly hosts international and national conferences and seminars.

For 59 years, 32,742 doctors had graduated from the Karaganda State Medical University. Our graduates are successfully employed both in Kazakhstan and in foreign countries. High qualification of training for practitioners health care, active participation in the implementation of priority areas for development KSMU based on the main provisions of health reform and the President’s message of the Republic of Kazakhstan we can be sure in our future. Education in Karaganda State Medical University is a guarantee of a stable future.



At the University

College life is a thing which you can hardly forget. This is the time when you become an adult, a more sensible person with the sober views on life.

First of all, to pass entrance exams and enter the university is a real challenge for a young person. It takes a lot of time, knowledge, patience and nerves. Besides, there is an avalanche of work expecting you. A student ought to get accustomed to a new timetable, new subjects which are much more complicated than at school. Very often it is difficult to cope with the work load of college or university. You have to be a serious, attentive and responsible person concentrated on studying. Some new students soon understand that studying at university is hard work which takes a lot of time and strength, so they immediately start missing classes. This is not so good for them, because it is so difficult to catch up with the program later. Besides, such students usually have a great number of debts before the beginning of examination session.

Another point is the relationships within a group and between students and teachers. It is not a secret that relationships play an important role in student’s life. You spend a lot of time at the university communicating with your group mates and trying to make a contact with other students. It is wonderful if you find a like-minded person who can become a real friend for all 5 or 6 years of studying or you just meet interesting people who are easy in communication. Sometimes an opposite thing may happen. When you see your group mates for the first time, it may seem to you that they have nothing in common with you. Then the atmosphere within the group is just unbearable. Things get worse and it becomes difficult to find even a topic for conversation. Different things happen during your college life. Anyway, it is extremely important to have good relationships with your group mates and teachers and to show the best qualities and features of character.

In conclusion, it should be mentioned that students come across a lot of events during their studying in college or university. Some of them may disappoint you, some bring a lot of joy and even make you feel happy. That is why a lot of people say that their college or university years were the greatest and the happiest time in their life. They also say, that if they could go back in time, they would have taken a music band and joined choir, learned harder another language besides the English language, and improve the relationships between teachers who they have no special liking. They got in love for the first time in university, they went to party, got lots of joy and positive emotions, got in different competitions, and etc., but anyway, they think that the college life is the happiest time in their life.

I am a student too, and I think that my university life I can hardly forget. For me, it is time when I become an adult, a more sensible person with the sober views on life. Also I think that never forget to study and you can be a student for all the time.





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