Архитектура Аудит Военная наука Иностранные языки Медицина Металлургия Метрология
Образование Политология Производство Психология Стандартизация Технологии
Firstly, what do you want work to do for you?
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Be prepared to ask yourself deep and direct questions about what you really want from a career. Right now, you might be thinking that all you want is a big salary or to do something worthwhile. But is that really what will motivate you on a daily basis?
Looking for a career is like looking for a new partner - your life goals need to match. Ask yourself what you want from life. You will need to analyse yourself closely: put yourself and your lifestyle preferences under the microscope. Think about what you enjoy doing the most with your time. Take a look around you - note down particular jobs and fields that inspire you.
Secondly, what do you have to offer?
Any sales rep will tell you that you have to know your product inside out to sell it effectively. In job-hunting, the product is YOU. You need to identify your strengths and weaknesses. Asking close friends can be one way, but you have to be sure they're being honest. Think about achievements and successes you've had, and analyse what you did to make them happen. Do the same for failures and disappointments. Decide if any of your weaknesses will get in the way of your perfect job. If they will, then set about addressing your weaknesses immediately.
The next question: where can you find the ideal job?
The ideal job won't just suddenly arrive - you'll have to work hard to find it. There are the traditional ways: newspaper advertisements, trade press, company websites, internet searches, and recruitment agencies. But also look at the bigger picture. The best, most fulfilling jobs often come to those who spot opportunities before they are advertised. Look around you. What trends have been happening in the industry or sector you're interested in? What changes and developments are going to happen? How can you be part of them? Don't be frightened to seize the opportunity - it may change your life for the better.
And finally: what's involved in the application process?
The different stages of applying for a job are fairly well-known: prepare a basic CV, research the job details and company background, tailor your CV, write a personalized covering letter, send it... and then start preparing for the interview. However, the important thing to remember is that each stage is an opportunity for you to show your potential employer what you can offer.
One final piece of advice: enjoy the process. If you're enjoying it, then there's more of you involved - and that ideal job is first and foremost about YOU.
Explain the meaning of these expressions from the article.
· do something worthwhile
· put your lifestyle preferences under the microscope
· know your product inside out
· set about addressing your weaknesses immediately
· look at the bigger picture
· seize the opportunity
· tailor your CV
· first and foremost
Decide which answer (А, В, С or D) best fits each space.
Choosing a job
One of the most difficult decisions is choosing what to do for a …….(1). For example, do you want to follow a definite ……..(2), and……. (3) a low…….(4) at the beginning, but have good ……. (5) in a company that trains its ………(6)? Or are you more interested in taking any kind of work, because you need a/an …….(7)? You may have to…….(8) the fact that a good
……..(9) can be difficult to find. In that case, why not take a ……..(10) one? You will gain some useful …….(11). Remember that even if you have the right ……..(12), you may have to …….(13) lots of application forms before you are asked to ……..(14) an interview. But don't worry if you don't know what you want to …….(15) exactly. You'll enjoy finding out!
Covering letter and CV
Look at this job advertisement. What would it be like to do this job?
Studying the sample
Adrian has finished school and is looking for work. He has decided to apply for a job helping on the Antarctic Research Project.
Read his covering letter and his CV (Curriculum Vitae), and put the missing words in gaps 1-12.
21 Alexis Mansions
The Antarctic Research Project
15 Queen's Road
Dear Sir or Madam,
I am …… in …… for the job of helper with the Antarctic Research Project., advertised in the London Times on 18 August.
My reasons for wishing to ……. the team are that I have always been …… by wildlife and I would very much like to …… my knowledge of wildlife by doing research of this kind.
I …… my Curriculum Vitae. … … you will see, I have worked in …… veterinary practices in my … … time and have spent some time in the north of England …… a vet during the lambing season.
I …… forward to …… from you.
Hillside Secondary School, London
1998 General Certificate of Secondary Education
Maths, Geography, Physics, Biology, Chemistry,
Advanced Level examinations
Chemistry, Physics, Biology, Geography
· Editor of the school magazine
· Represented the school at cricket, football, chess, swimming
2000 Helping at a Veterinary Practice, Bowett, Yorkshire
1999 Winchmore Veterinary Practice, Brighton
1998 London Weekly: assistant typist
· Member of the local Scout group
· Rock climbing
· Sports diver
Dr Peter Murray Mr Charles Rowell
Answer these questions about Adrian's letter and CV.
1. Which job is he applying for?
2. Who is Adrian writing to? Does he know the person's name?
3. Where and when did he see the advertisement?
4. What experience does he have which is relevant to the job?
5. Why does he want the job? Why would he be suitable?
6. Is he enclosing anything with this letter?
7. How does he end the letter?
8. What style is he using to write the letter?
How does Adrian organise his letter? Put this information in the correct order.
1. relevant skills or knowledge
2. reasons for applying for the job
3. particular points in the CV that show experience is relevant
4. why he is writing the letter
5. reference to the CV enclosed
Steps to better writing
Choose the correct preposition in each sentence.
1. I don't like the idea of working/for/in /by someone.
2. Paul joined us to /for/as a research assistant.
3. To join a team as /of /for experts, ring this number.
4. A knowledge in /of /for wildlife is desirable.
5. I have always enjoyed working for/with/by animals.
6. Send in a CV when applying in/ to /for a job.
7. I am interested for/in/to the job advertised.
8. Maria has always been fascinated in /with/ by wildlife.
9. Sam represented his school of /at/ with sports.
10. We look forward to I of /for hearing from you.
Read Susanna's covering letter, find 12 mistakes in what she has written, and rewrite the letter.
Dear Sir or Madam,
I would like to apply of the job of helper on the Reasearch project. My reasons to doing this are that I have always fasinated by the world of wildlife and I am very good in working in a team.
I am putting my curiculum vitae. Because you will see, I have organised many events at school and have spent the some time working in an office at the weekends.
I look forward to hear from you.
Writing your application
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