Архитектура Аудит Военная наука Иностранные языки Медицина Металлургия Метрология
Образование Политология Производство Психология Стандартизация Технологии
To be of great interest (for)
1. Музей оружия представляет большой интерес.
2. Новые районы Тулы представляют большой интерес.
3. Ясная Поляна представляет большой интерес для посетителей.
4. Это новое ружье представляет большой интерес для специалистов.
VII. Make up questions. Let your fellow students answer them.
Model 1. – Have you ever been to …?
– Yes, I have.
– When were you there (last)?
– Last summer.
Model 2. – Have you ever been to …?
– No, I haven’t.
– Would you like to go there?
VIII. Correct the statements. Begin with:
I am afraid you are not right.
Sorry, but you are mistaken (wrong).
I can’t agree with you.
1. Many streets in Tula are called after the parts of the accordion.
2. The machine-building plants produce iron and steel.
3. Historically Tula was famous as an agricultural center.
4. There are no industrial enterprises in Tula.
5. Tula was founded on the banks of the Volga river.
6. The gun-making plant produces radio lamps.
7. The Museum of Arms is in Boldin Street.
8. Tula blacksmiths specialized in making samovars.
9. There are no higher educational establishments in Tula.
10. The great Russian writer Ivan Turgenev lived and worked in Yasnaya Polyana.
IX. Fill in the blanks with prepositions.
1. There are many places … interest in our city.
2. The main street of Tula is always full … people.
3. In Tula there is a monument … Peter the Great, the founder of a state gun-making plant.
4. Tula was founded … 1146 … the banks of the Upa river.
5. The citizens … Tula are proud … their guns and rifles.
6. This street is called … Gleb Uspensky, a well-known Russian writer born in Tula.
7. Moscow is famous … its numerous theatres.
X. Ask your fellow students:
1) what city he (she) lives in;
2) what city he (she) was born in;
3) what street he (she) lives in;
4) when Tula was founded;
5) what Tula is famous for;
6) what industries are developed in Tula;
7) if there are some places of interest in Tula;
8) what collection the Art Gallery has;
9) what he (she) knows about Yasnaya Polyana;
10) if he (she) can list the sights of Tula;
11) who founded the central park;
12) if there are some educational establishments in Tula;
13) what museums, theatres and concert halls he (she) knows.
XI. Translate into English.
1. Многие улицы Тулы называются по деталям ружья.
2. Тула – город со многими промышленными предприятиями, такими как машиностроительные, металлообрабатывающие, горнодобывающие, химические, пищевые и другие.
3. Жители Тулы гордятся историческим прошлым своего города.
4. Памятник защитникам Тулы с вечным огнем стоит на Площади Победы.
5. Музей оружия известен не только в нашем городе.
6. Уличное движение в Туле довольно оживленное.
7. В новых районах города много высоких зданий.
XII. Read the text ‘The Tula Kremlin’ and answer the questions:
1. What was the history of Tula linked with?
2. What happened in 1380?
3. What did the Kulikovo Battle lead to?
4. What happened in 1503?
5. What material was the first Tula fortress made of?
6. What outline has the Kremlin? How is this fact explained in the text?
7. How many towers has the Kremlin?
8. What battle did the Tula Kremlin withstand in 1552?
9. Who had the larger army?
10. Who helped the Tula defenders?
11. How long did the peasants under Ivan Bolotnikov defend themselves within the Kremlin walls?
12. What did the attackers do with the army of Bolotnikov and Bolotnikov himself?
THE TULA KREMLIN
For a number of centuries the history of Tula was closely linked with the formation of the Russian state. In 1380 the famous Kulikovo Battle which led to the expulsion of the Tartar-Mongolian hordes from the Russian territory was fought to the South-East of Tula.
After joining the Moscow state in 1503, Tula’s importance increased greatly. It became a strong fortress in the defence line of the Moscow state. A wooden fortress was built and by 1521 the Tula Kremlin had been completed.
The Tula Kremlin differs from others in that its outline is almost rectangular. The square lay-out of the Tula Kremlin walls is explained by the fact that when they were built the development of artillery made it more convenient to deliver direct fire from symmetrically disposed towers.
The walls are up to three metres thick and almost 11 metres high. Four towers out of nine have gates. The walls and towers have about 300 loop-holes. Usually the Kremlin was not heavily garrisoned but due to its strength and reliability it could stand up to long sieges.
Within the Kremlin stands the Cathedral of the Assumption* built in 1762-64. Its five cupolas are typical of Russian cathedrals of the 17-th century. Its frescoes, painted by masters from Yaroslavl are the last copies of frescoes in ancient Russian churches.
In 1552 the Tula Kremlin withstood a severe onslaught by the Crimean Khan Devlet Girei, whose troops several times outnumbered the fortress defenders. The town’s inhabitants and a garrison of 200 men beat off all attacks of 30-thousand-strong troops. Moscow troops, which approached the town two days later, drove off the enemy and defeated him near Tula.
Fifty years later the Tula Kremlin became the stronghold of the troops of Ivan Bolotnikov, a peasant leader. For four months rebels against the princes and boyars defended themselves within the Kremlin walls against the tsar’s troops. When the long siege did not wear down the defenders, the attackers flooded the town by damming the river and forced them to surrender. Ivan Bolotnikov was kept prisoner and killed. In the Kremlin one can see the monument to the peasant leader.
*Cathedral of the Assumption – Успенский Собор.
XIII. Make a written translation of the text. Use a dictionary.
Последнее изменение этой страницы: 2016-03-16; Просмотров: 1012; Нарушение авторского права страницы