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Fill in the verb in an appropriate form from the following:



to waste          to burn (burnt, burnt)         to wave to catch (caught, caught)  to tear (tore, torn)        to bend (bent, bent)

 

1. His money ________ a hole in his pocket. 2. You can't take him by flattery. It's just _______ upon him. 3. She was __________ in the rain and as a result she ________ cold. 4. She had not the slightest wish to read the letter so she simply ________ the envelope to pieces. 5. His father was rather a despot. He made him pray on ________knees. 6. His motto was: "never ________ an old bridge even you are ________ on something new in your life". 7. Willful ________ makes woeful want. 8. She has money to _________. 9. Do you like Aivazovsky's painting "The Tenth _______"? 10. I am _______ between two fires. 11. Leaving the room she ________ me in farewell. 12. It was dirty and dusty everywhere. In the window one can see dead flies _______ in the web. 13. Suddenly he had a brain _______. Now he knew how to deal with it.14. To ______ a train in time you must be in a hurry.  15. My heart is _______ by anxiety.

9. Complete the sentences with the correct form of a phrasal verb with look:

  1. __________! There’s bus coming!
  2. The police are ________ the robbery.
  3. She _____ the room, but couldn’t see her sister anywhere.
  4. I’m ______ my pen. Have you seen it?
  5. I’ll have to _______ her report again in more detail before meeting.
  6. If you can’t remember his phone number, you can always _______ it ______ in the phone book.
  7. He ______ exactly _____ his brother. I think they are twins.
  8. Alan wasn’t _____ his textbook. He was just staring out of the window.
  9. She was very proud of her qualifications, and ______ people she thought were uneducated.
  10. I’m really ______ the party next week.
  11. The crowd ______, as two men continued fighting.
  12. Margarita never got married. She spent most of her life ______ her invalid mother.

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first one.

1. He has always respected and admired his professor.

He has always ________ his professor.

2. Athina resembles her sister: they are both tall and slim.

Athina _______her sister: they are both tall and slim.

3. Can you take care of my cat while I’m on holiday?

Can you ________my cat while I’m on holiday?

4. I’ll have to try and find a flat in Rome.

I’ll have to ______a flat in Rome.

5. Martin didn’t think much of his cousin’s achievements.

Martin ________his cousin’s achievements.

Fill the spaces with the correct particles.

look _______ a difficult word      a phone number          a friend

 

look _______ a problem       a theft         the matter

 

look _______ small children       a pet    your parents if they’re old or ill

 

look _______ the view       the blackboard          the signpost

 

look _______ a lost book          a new flat         an aim in life

Study the expression. Find sentences in the chapter where this expression is used. Make up your own sentences according to the pattern.

•To let somebody do something

Pattern: we / to make a bargain

Let us make a bargain.

1. Luther / to explain what has happened

2. Frohmeyer / to ask the questions

3. Salino and Treen / to head to the airport

4. The firemen and medics / to come to the party too

5. They / to talk about the prospect of a fiancé

6. We / sing a song

7. He / to see your tongue

8. She / to talk about it

9. We / go and see the ship

10. I / to hear it or stop talking

11. Cliff / to take a team to Brixley

12. Everyone / to go home and change the clothes

13. I / to see the patients

14. We / to imagine the scene

15. They / to examine the patient

 

Fill in prepositions:

He was sitting ... the piano, ... his back to them, and he was turning the pages ...some music ... Schumann.

'Oh, I am bored ...sitting, and I don't want a portrait ...myself,' answered the boy, turning quickly. When he saw Lord Henry, his face went red ...a moment.

'This is Lord Henry Wotton, Dorian. He's an old friend ... mine.

'I am afraid Lady Agatha is annoyed ...me at the moment.

 Would you think it very rude ... me if I asked you to go...?'

Lord Henry picked ... his hat and gloves. 

 I am nearly always ... home ... five o'clock.'

 It must be very boring ... my sitters. Sit ... again, Hanry. And Dorian don't move ... too much, or listen ... what Lord Henry says.

 He has a very bad influence ...all his friends.'

'Turn your head a little more ... the right, Dorian,' said the painter.

 He was not listening ... the conversation and only knew that there was a new look ... the boy's face.

'And yet,' continued Lord Henry, ... his low musical voice, 'I believe that if one man lived his life fully and completely he could change the world.

... nearly ten minutes he stood there ...his lips open and his eyes strangely bright.

...his smile, Lord Henry watched him.

 He was surprised ... the sudden effect ... his words ... the boy.

Lord Henry went ... to the garden, and found Dorian Gray holding a flower to his face.

Dorian Gray frowned and turned....

He liked the tall young man who was standing ...him.

Why was this stranger having a strong influence ... him like this?

He had known Basil Hallward ...months, but the friendship ...them had not changed him.

Suddenly someone had come ...his life and turned it.... Someone who seemed to have the key ...  the mystery of life itself.

And yet, what was there to be afraid ...?

'Let us go and sit ... ...the sun. I don't want you to be burnt ... the sun.'

 But what the gods give they quickly take ....

Suddenly the painter appeared ...the door and waved ... them to come in.

'Always! That is a terrible word. Women are so fond ... using it.'

He stood ...and looked ... the portrait ... a few moments.

Then he bent ...and signed his name ... red paint ... the bottom left-hand corner.

Lord Henry came ...and examined the picture.

Dorian walked ...to look ... the painting. When he saw it his cheeks went red ... pleasure. He felt that he recognized his own beauty ...the first time.

The painter stared ...surprise.

 How can you be jealous ... a painting? 'I am jealous ... everything whose beauty does not die. I am jealous ... the portrait you have painted ... me.

Hot tears came ... his eyes as he threw himself ... the sofa.

'Henry, I can't argue ...two ... my best friends .... once. '

Dorian Gray watched as Hallward walked ... ... the painting- table and picked ... a knife. The boy jumped ...the sofa, tore the knife ...Hallward's hand and threw it ...the room.

The painter bit his lip and walked ... ...the picture.

Grammar

14. Divide all the following sentences with ing-ending verbs into three groups. Tick a.; b.; c.:

a) Present (Past, Perfect) Continuous

b) Participle

c) Gerund

1. As they entered they saw Dorian Gray. He was sitting at the piano, with his back to them, and he was turning the pages of some music by Schumann.

2. 'Oh, I am bored with sitting, and I don't want a portrait of myself,' answered the boy, turning quickly.

3. I have just been telling him what a good sitter you were, and now you have spoiled everything.'

4. 'You have not spoiled my pleasure in meeting you, Mr Gray,' said Lord Henry, stepping forward and offering his hand.

5. And you are too charming to waste time working to poor people.'

6. The painter was busy mixing colours and getting his brushes ready.

7. You never open your lips while you are painting, and it is horribly boring just standing here. For Dorian and for me,' said Hallward, staring at his picture.

8. 'It is true that I never talk when I am working, and never listen either. It must be very boring for my sitters.

9. He was not listening to the conversation and only knew that there was a new look on the boy's face.

10. 'Stop!' cried Dorian Gray, 'I don't understand what you are saying. I need to think.'

11. Hallward continued painting and did not notice that the others were silent.



12. 'My dear boy, I am sorry. When I am painting, my work is all I can think about.

13. I don't know what Harry has been saying to you, but there is a wonderful bright look in your eyes. I suppose he has been flattering you. You shouldn't believe a word he says.'

14. 'He has certainly not been flattering me.

15. 'You know you believe it all,' said Lord Henry, looking at him with his dreamy eyes.

16. 'This is going to be my best painting.'

17. Lord Henry went out to the garden, and found Dorian Gray holding a flower to his face.

18. He liked the tall young man who was standing by him.

19. 'What does that matter?' cried Dorian Gray, laughing as he sat down on the seat at the end of the garden.

20. 'I am waiting,' he cried. 'Please come in. The light is perfect.'

21. 'Always! That is a terrible word. Women are so fond of using it.'

22. Twenty minutes later Hallward stopped painting.

23. 'Don't you like it?' cried Hallward, not understanding why the boy was silent.

24. 'How sad it is!' said Dorian Gray, who was still staring at his own portrait.

25. 'I don't think you would like that, Basil,' cried Lord Henry, laughing.

26. Until I start getting old. Lord Henry Wotton is perfectly right.

 

Comprehension Task

15. Answer the questions:

1. Where was Dorian Gray sitting when Lord Henry and Basil Hallward entered the room? What was he doing?

2. What did Dorian Gray want the painter lend him?

3. Why did Dorian go red when he turned round?

4. In what way did Henry Watton and the painter become friends?

5. Was Lord Henry glad to see Dorian Gray? What did he offer him?

6. Why was Lord Henry's aunt annoyed with Dorian Gray?

7. What did Dorian Gray look like from Lord's judgment? Why did he tell him not to waste time working to poor people?

8. Did the painter want to finish the picture that day? What did he ask Lord Henry to do?

9. Did Lord Henry really want to go away? Did Dorian Gray want him to go away? Why?

10. In what moods was Basil Hallward? Why did he give up sending Lord Henry away?

11. Why were  the painter's sitters bored while he was working?

12. Why did Basil ask Dorian not to listen to what Lord Henry would say?

13. Did Dorian Gray like what he had seen of Lord Henry? What did he like in him most of all?

14. What did Lord Henry tell about influence and personality? Do you agree with him?

15. Why did the paint ask Dorian to turn a little more to the right? Did he listen to their conversation?

16. What did Lord Henry believe in? What did he think Dorian Gray was afraid of?

17. Did Dorian Gray understand what Lord Henry was saying? Did Lord's words touch his soul?

18. Why did Lord Henry stop speaking? Why was he surprised to watch Dorian?

19. Did Basil notice that both his friend were silent? Why?

20. Why did Dorian want to go out to the garden?

21. What did the painter think about while working? What was so special that time that he couldn't stop painting?

22. Why did Basil ask Dorian not to believe Lord's words? Was Lord Henry really flattering Dorian?

23. Did Lord Henry go out to the garden with Dorian Gray? What did he see when he went out?  

24. Why did Dorian frown and turn away? Was he afraid of something?

25. What did Lord Henry tell about being young? How, in his opinion, would feel the old and ugly man?

26. Did Dorian Gray reject Lord's ideas?

27. Who suddenly appeared at the door? Why did he waved at them?

28. Did the painter finish the portrait? Where did he sign his name? Was it certainly a wonderful work of art?

29. Why did Dorian's cheeks go red when he saw the picture? Did he like it?

30. What were Lord Henry ready to pay to have this picture? Did the painter want to sell it to him? Why?

31. Why was Dorian sad staring at the portrait? What would he give to stay young?

32. Why was the painter in surprise looking at Dorian?

33. How did Dorian explain his moods? What was he jealous of?

34. Why did Basil decide to destroy the picture? What did he pick up to ruin it?

35. Did he manage to do it? Who prevented to do it?

36. Was Basil really glad that Dorian liked his work?

37. Who went to the theatre? Did Basil go with them? Whom did Basil stay with?

16. Comment on the next:

1. 'I believe that if one man lived his life fully and completely he could change the world.

2. 'Influence is always bad.' 'Why?' 'Because to influence someone is to give them your soul. Each person must have his own personality.'

Chapter three

Dorian in Love

One afternoon, a month later, Dorian Gray was sitting in the little library of Lord Henry's house in Mayfair. Lord Henry had not yet come in. He was always late. Dorian Gray was bored and once or twice he thought of going away.

At last he heard a step outside and the door opened. 'How late you are, Harry!' he said.

'I'm afraid it is not Harry, Mr Gray. It is only his wife.'

He looked around quickly and got to his feet. 'I am sorry. I thought -'

'I know you quite well by your photographs. I think my husband has got seventeen of them.'

'Seventeen, Lady Henry?'

'Well, eighteen, then. And I saw you with him the other night at the theatre. But here is Harry!'

Lord Henry smiled at them both. 'So sorry I am late, Dorian.'

'I am afraid I must go,' said Lady Harry. 'Goodbye, Mr Gray. Goodbye, Harry. You are eating out, I suppose? I am too. Perhaps I will see you later.'

'Perhaps, my dear,' said Lord Harry, shutting the door behind her. Then he lit a cigarette and threw himself down on the sofa.

'Never marry a woman with fair hair, Dorian,' he said.

'Why, Harry?'

'Because they are romantic.'

'But I like romantic people.'

'Never marry at all, Dorian.'

'I don't think I will marry, Harry. I am too much in love.'

'Who are you in love with?' asked Lord Henry, after a pause.

'With an actress,' said Dorian Gray.

'How ordinary.'

'You would not say that if you saw her, Harry.'

'Who is she?'

'Her name is Sibyl Vane.'

'I've never heard of her.'

'No one has. People will some day, though. She is an artist.'

'My dear boy, no woman is an artist. Women never have anything to say but they say it charmingly. How long have you known her?'

'About three weeks.'

'And where did you meet her?'

'I will tell you, Harry, but you must not laugh. After all, it was you who gave me a passion to know everything about life. Four days after I met you I searched the streets for beauty. I walked around the East End until I found a dirty little theatre. I see you are laughing. It is horrible of you!'

'I am not laughing, Dorian. Go on with your story.'

'The play was Romeo and Juliet. At first I was annoyed at the thought of seeing Shakespeare in such a terrible place. And when a fat old gentleman came out as Romeo I nearly walked out. But then I saw Juliet! Harry, she was the loveliest thing I had ever seen in my life.'

'When did you meet her?'

'I went back the next night and the night after that. On the third evening I waited for her outside the theatre.'

'What was she like?'

'Sibyl? Oh, she was shy and gentle. She is only seventeen and there is something of a child in her. She said to me, "You look like a prince. I must call you Prince Charming".'

'Miss Sibyl knows how to flatter you.'

'You don't understand her, Harry. She thinks that I am like a person in Shakespeare. She knows nothing of life. Sibyl is the only thing I care about.'

'That is the reason, I suppose, that you never have dinner with me now. I thought it might be something romantic.'

'My dear Harry, we eat together every day,' said Dorian.

'You always come very late.'

'Well, I have to see Sibyl play,' he cried.

'Can you have dinner with me tonight, Dorian?'

He shook his head. 'Tonight she is Ophelia,' he answered, 'and tomorrow night she will be Juliet.'

'When is she Sibyl Vane?'

'Never.'

'That's good.'

'How horrible you are! But when you see her you will think differently. I want you and Basil to come and watch her tomorrow night. You are certain to recognize that she is wonderful.'

'All right. Tomorrow evening. Will you see Basil before then? Or shall I write to him?'

'Dear Basil! I haven't seen him for a week. It is rather horrible of me as he sent me my portrait a few days ago. I love looking at it. Perhaps you should write to him. I don't want to see him alone. He says things that annoy me. He gives me good advice.'

Lord Henry smiled. 'People are very fond of giving away advice they need themselves.'

'Oh, Basil is a good man, but I don't think he really understands about art and beauty. Since I have known you, Harry, I have discovered that.'

'Basil, my dear boy, puts everything that is charming in him into his work.'

'I must go now, Harry. My Juliet is waiting for me. Don't forget about tomorrow. Goodbye.'

As Dorian left the room, Lord Henry began to think about what he had just learned. Certainly few people had ever interested him so much as Dorian Gray. Yet the mad worship of this actress did not make him annoyed or jealous. He was pleased by it. It made the boy more interesting to study.

Later that night, when he arrived home from dinner, Lord Henry saw a telegram on the table near the door. He opened it and read that Dorian Gray was going to marry Sibyl Vane.

Activities

Phonetic exercises

1. a) Transcribe the next words from the chapter:

Photograph; theatre; ordinary; though; search; laughing; Romeo; Juliet; Shakespeare; Ophelia; loveliest; worship.

b) Read them aloud

Speech patterns:

'How late you are ... 'So sorry I am late ...

You are ..., I suppose?

'How ordinary.' - ...

'That is the reason ...

 I suppose, that you never ...

 I thought it might be something....'

Work on vocabulary

2. Find in the chapter the English for:

Раз или два; недавно вечером; искать (целенаправленно); найти; грязный; продолжать; застенчивый; нежный; заботится о к-л ; покачать (отрицательно) головой; думать по-другому; ты определенно должен понять; давать хороший совет; боготворить.

3. Use one of the words or word-combinations from the box in an appropriate form to fill each gap:

to get to one's feet            both             to search            to be certain          to send   worship        to recognize          dirty     to light       to know by to be annoyed at   once or twice      the other night        to find         to care about            advice

1. Dorian Gray was bored and _________he thought of going away.

2. He looked around quickly and_________.

3. 'I know you quite well _________your___________.

4. And I saw you with him __________at the theatre.

5. Lord Henry smiled at them__________. 'So sorry I am late, Dorian.'

6. Then he ________ a cigarette and threw himself down on the sofa.

7. Four days after I met you I __________the streets for beauty.

8. I walked around the East End until I ___________ ________ little theatre.

9. At first I __________ the thought of seeing Shakespeare in such a terrible place.

10. Sibyl is the only thing I ___________.'

11. You ___________ that she is wonderful.'

12. It is rather horrible of me as he _________me my portrait a few days ago.

13. 'People are very fond of giving away __________they need themselves.'

14. Yet the mad __________of this actress did not make him annoyed or jealous. He was pleased by it.

4. Choose the right word:

expect, look forward, wait

1. Henry failed in the examination, just as he had______. 2. We ______for her for more than an hour and finally left. 3. We ______to his answer with great interest.

                                  envious – jealous

1. First, there was Aileen, a _______, emotional wife, who would certainly use any means at her disposal to destroy Berenice if ever she felt that her husband loved her. 2. She was ______, in a sad way, of Jennie’s good fortune. 3. Looking at them I felt ______ because they were so happy. 4. He was in the same form as Philip, and Philip had always looked upon him with ______ admiration. 

5. Translate into English using a) side, b) don’t care

a) В доме всё было перевёрнуто вверх дном. 2. Оказалось, что куртка была одета наизнанку. 3. Бок о бок они проработали вместе уже 10 лет. 4. Не удержавшись, он вверх тормашками полетел в воду.      

      b) Мне всё равно у кого работать. 2. Ему безразлично кого приглашать. 3. У меня нет желания ехать на юг. 4. Ей всё равно где жить. 5. Ему нет дела, что скажут соседи. 6.    Меня нисколько не волнует их мнение.

    6. a) Find in the chapter the sentences where the word all is used. Translate them. Study the expressions with all (consult the dictionary).

b) Look at these expressions with all and match each with the correct meaning below.

a) all over     b) all in all    c) all along     d) (to be) all in favor of

e) all of a sudden   f) once and for all           g) all in         h) (to be) all the same to

                 

1. on the whole    2. everywhere on the surface of something    3. very tired

4. to make no difference to      5. all the time from the beginning    6. for the last time   

7. quickly and unexpectedly     8. to support completely

      c) Use one of the expressions above with all to complete these sentences.

 

1. I’m not surprised at the news. I knew about it ….

2. Let’s settle this matter ….

3. I’m … cutting costs. It makes a lot of sense to me.

4. I was sitting there quietly when … he got up and ran off.

5. I’m sorry. I really don’t want to go out tonight. I’m ….

6. When we opened the kitchen door, there was water … the floor.

7. I suppose it wasn’t a bad holiday ….

8. You can come when you like. It’s … me

7. a) Complete the sentences with the correct form of a phrasal verb with take.

1. The plane _______ at 3.30 p.m. today.

2. Are you ________ your girlfriend _______ tonight?

3. The secretary _______ the information her boss was dictating.

4. Jonathan _______ his father, you know. They are both very intelligent.

5. When Tom retires, he’s going to _____ golf.

6. I’m sorry I offended you. I ______ what I said.

7. The electronics company failed to make a profit and was eventually ______ by a larger one.

8. I’ve explained it to him four times, but he just doesn’t seem to _____ it ______.

9. Because of an increase in orders, the factory manager ____ a hundred new workers.

10. How many library books can I _______ with this ticket?

11. I don’t want ice-cream all over my clothes. _______ it _______!

12. I know the dress is too long, but we can easily _______ it _______.

b) Fill the spaces with the correct particle(s), e.g. in

take ______ your clothes      in fog       a famous person

take _______ information      a lodger          someone who trusts you 

take _______ a new job       extra work      more staff

take _______ tennis         a pair of trousers         a suggestion

take _______ the shirt to the shop       the library books        what you said

c) Match each phrase or clause with the best ending.

1 The policeman took                 A off his boss very well.

2 Your friend takes                     B down my statement in her notebook as I was       

                                                        speaking.

3 At the time I was taken            C back his criticism.

4 He should apologize and take  D in by his story, which I realized later was untrue.

5 Singapore Plastics are taking    E after their mother, you know.

6 The twins take                           F off in thick fog yesterday.

7 The helicopter had to take        G up tennis again, at the local club.

8 When I have time, I’ll take       H on 200 skilled workers for this year’s export drive.

8. Translate the sentences using the Gerund and the expressions from the box.

 
to be keen on    to keep       to enjoy       to suggest       to mind        to be worth to go on        can’t help         to give up        it’s no use to depend on

 

 

  1. Вы не возражаете, если я открою окно?
  2. Эту заметку стоит обсудить.
  3. Пожалуйста, продолжайте обедать. Я могу подождать.
  4. Она постоянно говорит, что у неё нет денег, но покупает дорогие вещи.
  5. Мы не могли не смеяться, когда он пародировал босса.
  6. Почему вы бросили изучать французский? Вы делали успехи.
  7. Это зависит от того, разрешит ли нам мама поехать с вами.
  8. Моя сестра увлекается выращиванием цветов. Она получает удовольствие от ухаживания за ними.
  9. Я предлагаю послать им телеграмму.
  10. Нет смысла плакать над пролитым (spilt) молоком. (пословица: что с воза упало, то пропало)

 

9. Substitute the italicized words with the emphatic construction it is (was) … that, … who…, where… etc.

Example:

Lord Henry gave Dorian a passion to know everything about life.

It was Lord Henry who gave Dorian a passion to know everything about life.

1. My mother wants me to become a doctor. 2. I met my friend in a night-club yesterday. 3. Due to Blair’s new surroundings she became wise and mature. 4. Our English teacher sent me to the Olympiad. 5. Her son is interested in sports, not in studies. 6. I think the young man wants Anna’s money, not her love. 7. Nora’s sense of responsibility made her so nervous. 8. Women handled Christmas, not men. 8 Sibyl is the only thing I care about.

10. Fill in prepositions:

 

 Dorian Gray was bored and once or twice he thought ... going ....

... last he heard a step outside and the door opened.

He looked ... quickly and got ... his feet. 'I am sorry. I thought -'

'I know you quite well ... your photographs.

Lord Henry smiled ... them both. 'So sorry I am late, Dorian.'

You are eating ..., I suppose? I am too. Perhaps I will see you later.'

'Perhaps, my dear,' said Lord Harry, shutting the door ... her. Then he lit a cigarette and threw himself ... ...the sofa.

'Never marry ... all, Dorian.'

'Who are you ... love ...?' asked Lord Henry, after a pause. '... an actress,' said Dorian Gray.

 ... all, it was you who gave me a passion to know everything ...life. Four days ... I met you I searched the streets ... beauty. I walked ... the East End until I found a dirty little theatre.

'I am not laughing, Dorian. Go ... ... your story.'

...  first I was annoyed ... the thought ...  seeing Shakespeare ... such a terrible place. And when a fat old gentleman came ... as Romeo I nearly walked ....

'I went ... the next night and the night ... that. ... the third evening I waited ... her outside the theatre.'

 Sibyl is the only thing I care ....'

'Dear Basil! I haven't seen him ... a week.

'People are very fond ...giving ... advice they need themselves.'

'Basil, my dear boy, puts everything that is charming ... him ...his work.'

'I must go now, Harry. My Juliet is waiting ... me.

 He was pleased ... it.

Grammar:







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