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Is a structured set of interrelated lexical variants with different denotational and connotational meanings.
TYPES OF CONNOTATIONS
The Semantic Structure of a Polysemantic Word is a structured set of interrelated lexical variants with different denotational and connotational meanings.
The elements are interrelated due to the existence of some common semantic component. Every meaning is characterized according to:
· the function,
· significative or pragmatic effect
· it has to fulfill denotative and connotative meaning referring the word
· to the extra-linguistic reality;
· to the speaker ;
· to other meanings with which it contrasted.
it nominates the referent without the help of a context, in isolation:
run ”to go by moving the legs” ; screen ‘a movable piece of furniture’(direct):: smoke screen ‘ an object which protects’(fig.)::’a silver-colored sheet’(sec.):: screen actor (abstr.)
the object is named and characterized through its similarity with another object: “to operate or function”- I run the office;
Space b/w lines point of view
A sweet sticky substance sweetness pleasantness
The planet the world
Jug- vessel jug - prison
Building any place
Institution for process of being
Educating children educated in a school
“I hate school”
To go to school
The main meaning is that which possesses the highest frequency at the present stage of the vocabulary development.
The contextual meaning represents only one of the possible variants of the word but it may render a complicated notion or emotion analyzable into several semes.
“Lady Constance, peace! -War! War! no peace! Peace is to me a war” (Sharespeare)
Contextual meanings include nonce usage.
Nonce words are words invented and used for a particular occasion.
STYLISTIC TYPES OF WORDS
Witness1 “evidence, testimony” – a direct, abstract, primary meaning;
Witness2 “a person with knowledge of an event” – a metonymical, concrete, secondary;
Witness3 “a person who gives evidence in court” – metonymical, concrete, secondary;
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