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The Present Simple Tense (настоящее простое время)



Present Simple употребляется:

1) для выражения постоянных, повторяющихся, регулярных действий в настоящем времени со словами every day – каждый день, always – всегда, often – часто, seldom – редко, never– никогда, sometimes – иногда, usually – иногда и т.д.

I go to the institute every day. – Я хожу в институт каждый день.

2) для того, чтобы констатировать общеизвестный факт:

The Earth goes round the Sun. – Земля вращается вокруг Солнца.

3) для перечисления последовательных действий, которые происходят в настоящем времени постоянно и часто:

In the morning I get up, dress myself, have breakfast and go to the institute. – Утром я встаю, одеваюсь, завтракаю и еду в институт.

Present Simple совпадает с формой инфинитива (без частицы to) во всех лицах, кроме 3-го лица единственного числа, принимающего окончание –s. Глаголы, оканчивающиеся на -ss, -ch, -sh, -x, -o принимают в 3-м лице единственного числа окончание –es:

He goes to the institute by bus. – Он ездит в институт на автобусе.

Глаголы, оканчивающиеся на –y с предшествующей согласной, меняют в 3-м лице единственного числа y на i и принимают окончание –es:

I study – he studies.

Глаголы, оканчивающиеся на –y с предшествующей гласной, образуют 3-е лицо единственного числа путем прибавления –s:

I play – he plays.

Вопросительная форма образуется при помощи вспомогательного глагола do в настоящем времени и формы инфинитива (без to) смыслового глагола, причем вспомогательный глагол ставится перед подлежащим:

Do you work? Where does he work?

Отрицательная форма образуется при помощи вспомогательного глагола do в настоящем времени, частицы notи формы инфинитива смыслового глагола (без to):

I do not (don’t) work. He does not (doesn’t) work.

+ ? -
I work. Do I work? I do not (don’t) work.
He/she/it works. Does he/she/it work? He/she/it does not (doesn’t) work.
We work. Do we work? We do not (don’t) work.
You work. Do you work? You do not (don’t) work.
They work. Do they work? They do not (don’t) work.

 


ЗАДАНИЯ ДЛЯ ТЕКУЩЕГО КОНТРОЛЯ

I. Грамматические упражнения

Упражнение №1. Составьте предложения из следующих слов:

1. in the evening, is, my elder son, at 7, at home, usually.

2. stay, we, at home, often, in the evening.

3. in the morning, writes, usually, the secretary, letters.

4. watch, after 10, don’t, television, we.

5. your manager, finish, at 7, his work, sometimes, does?

Упражнение №2. Задайте вопросы к выделенным словам:

1. He works hard every day.

2. We will have a test next week.

3. We read a lot of interesting books.

4. Our family lives in a suburb.

5. Her mother is an accountant.

6. Our shop-assistants are very useful and friendly.

Упражнение №3. Сделайте следующие предложения отрицательными и вопросительными:

1. Her name is Lucy.

2. It is a good film.

3. We are at the office.

4. We have many files in the bookcase.

5. You are a first-year student.

6. They have a very big car.

Упражнение №4. Поставьте глаголы “to be” и “to have” в нужной форме:

1. You … welcome.

2. The bus station … far from my house.

3. She … out.

4. She … no time.

5. How … you?

6. They … glad to see her.

7. You … bad habits.

8. What country … she from?

Упражнение №5. Трансформируйте предложения, используя оборот There is/There are:

Например: You can see a boy in the picture. – Yes, there is a boy in the picture.

1. You’ve got a book in front of you.

2. She’s got many foreign books in her library.

3. They’ve got many pets at home.

4. She’s got three mistakes in her test.

5. You can see many difficult words in this book.

Упражнение №6. Поставьте глагол “to be” в правильную форму:

1. There … a pen and two pencils on the desk.

2. There … twelve chairs and a table in the room.

3. How many pages … there in the book?

4. There … no mistakes in her test.

5. In a month there … four weeks.

Упражнение №7. Образуйте от следующих прилагательных сравнительную и превосходную степени сравнения:

Cold, wet, dry, full, fine, high, hot, lazy, large, long, late, small, short, beautiful, interesting, comfortable, tall, popular, clever, quiet, large, comfortable, nice, expensive.

Упражнение №8. Поставьте прилагательные в скобках в правильную степень сравнения:

1. Mr. Brown is (tall) than Mr. Smith.

2. The weather is (fine) today than it was yesterday.

3. Tom is (clever) manager in the company.

4. My secretary is (good) than yours.

5. My secretary is (good) of the three.

6. The staff will be much (happy) in their new office.

7. Athens is (far) from London than Rome is.

8. Mr. Robinson is (rich) than Mr. Green, but I don’t think that he is (lucky) than Mr. Green.

Упражнение №9. Выберите правильную форму местоимения:

1. We spent our holiday together with (they, them).

2. It is (he, him).

3. (She, her) writes to (her, him) every day.

4. (We, us) enjoy playing tennis.

5. Will you give (her, she) and (I, me) some help?

6. Helen and (they, them) are good specialists.

Упражнение №10. Выберите правильную форму местоимения:

1. (My, me) aunt Susan is (my, me) mother’s sister.

2. (Our, us) relatives are coming to see (our, us) today.

3. Tell (them, their) about it.

4. Is this (you, your) dog? There is something wrong with (it, its) ear.

5. George and Carol are having (them, their) lunch.

Упражнение №11. Составьте предложения в Present Simple, поставив глагол в нужную форму:

1. go, to the theatre, once a month, we.

2. write, a letter, once a week, he, to his parents.

3. use, a telephone, constantly, she?

4. get, a newspaper, sometimes, he, for us.

5. ski, well, my sister, my brother, not ski, well.

6. like, coffee, I, he, like, tea sometimes.

7. write, compositions, twice a month, we.

8. usually, go, to the country, my parents, for the weekend.

9. tell, us, never, about, her childhood, she.

10. worry, sometimes, he, about his exams.

11. hate, we, such questions.

12. rain, in autumn, ever, it?

13. teach, only, she, French?

14. have a rest, at the seashore, every summer, they.

15. not believe, women, he?

II. Тексты для чтения и пересказа



1. Прочитайте текст и ответьте на вопросы:

What I Usually Do by Day

Let me introduce myself. My name is Oleg Petrov. I am from a small town Lysva. I work and study. I am a part-time student at the college of commerce.

I get up at 7 o’clock, wash my face, neck, hands and brush my teeth, dry myself with a towel. I make bed and do exercises. After that I have breakfast. Then I put on a coat and a hat and go to the office.

I work there from 9 in the morning till 4 in the afternoon. At 1 o’clock in the day time I have dinner as usual.

On my way home from work I drop in the shop to buy some food. I come home at a quarter to 5. In a quarter of an hour we, my family and I, have tea.

In the evening I usually watch TV, read books or newspapers. Sometimes I go to the cinema or to the theatre or visit my friends.

I have supper at 8 o’clock. I have a bath at 11 o’clock and then go to bed.

Questions

1.Do you do exercises in the morning?

2. Whendo you have breakfast (dinner, supper)?

3. Whendo you go to work?

4. How long do you stay at work?

5. When do you get up?

6. Where doyou have dinner?

7. When do you come home?

8. What do you do in the evening?

9. Do you often go to the cinema (theatre, concerts)?

10. Do you go in for sports?

11. What sport doyou prefer?

12. Do you visit your friends?

13. Do you read books, newspapers or magazines, watch TV, listen to the music?

14. When do you have a shower or a bath?

15. When do you usually go to bed?

Ответьте на вопросы, используя образец:

а). - How long does it take you to do exercises?

- It takes me 15 minutes.

b). - How long does it take you to have breakfast (dinner/supper)?

- It takes me 10 minutes (half an hour/20 minutes).

1. How long does it take you to go to work?

2. How long does it take you to wash up?

3. How long does it take you to go in for sports?

2. Прочитайте и перескажите текст страноведческого содержания :

British Pubs

Pubs are an important part of life in Britain. People go to the pub to relax, to meet friends, and sometimes to do business. But pubs are not open to everyone, and they are not open all the time. People under the age of 14 cannot go into pubs. And pubs are open only from about 11 a.m. (opening time) until 11 p.m. (closing time) with a break from 2.30 p.m. until 5.30 p.m. When it is closing time, the barman calls, “Time, gentlemen, please!”

You can buy most kinds of drink in a pub: beer, lager, all kinds of wine, spirits, liqueurs, fruit juice and soft drinks. Beer is the most popular drink, and there are many different kinds. You ask for beer by “pint” (a little more than half a litre) or the “half pint”. When people buy beer they ask for “bitter” (strong beer), “mild” (less strong), or lager. Some visitors just say the name of the maker: “A half of Double Diamonds, please.” Or “Two halves of Export, please.”

Most pubs do not sell hot drinks like coffee or tea, but many sell hot and cold food. Pub food (called “pub grub”) is often good, is cheaper than most restaurant food, and you don’t have to leave a tip. But you have to go to the bar to get your food and drink: there are no waiters in pubs.

3. Прочитайте и переведите текст письменно:

Fast Food Chains

Everyone is in a hurry these days. No one has time to sit and enjoy a meal with friends. People want to eat now and they want to eat fast. The fast food industry tries to give them what they want and when they want it. It is an industry that is getting bigger all the time.

The big names in American fast food are now well-known all over the world. McDonald’s, Kentucky Fried Chicken and Burger Chef sell pizzas, chips, hot dogs, hamburgers and fried chicken from Los Angeles to London and Tokyo to Turin.

These multi-million dollar companies work hard to get more customers. Big lights and TV advertisements are not enough. The waitresses wear special uniforms. There are lots of big mirrors and bright colours. Many of the fast food restaurants have special offers for families, and do their best to attract children. Some even organize children’s birthday parties. For busy mothers with no ideas and plenty of money, a birthday at McDonald’s can save a lot of time and trouble.

But you cannot eat fast food all the time. Doctors say chips make you fat, and dentists say Coca-Cola spoils your teeth. It is an old, old story – everything that is nice is bad for you.

Подготовьте краткое сообщение на английском языке о сети быстрого питания в нашем городе.

4. Прочитайте и перескажите текст:

The History of Money

Money is something that is very difficult to explain. People in various cultures think of money in different ways. A London banker and an African tribesman have different ideas of what money is.

Many people think of money as a currency–metal coinsand paper banknotes. We need it to buy the things in life that we need. We also get money for the work that we do. So, money is a way ofexchanging goodsand services.

In early civilizationspeople did not have money. They tradedobjects. Maybe a hunter had more animal fursthan he could use and his neighbour might have caught more fish than he could eat himself. They soon saw that they needed each other. The fisherman needed fursto protecthimself from the cold and the hunter needed something to eat, so they exchangedtheir goods. This is called barter.

Barteralso had disadvantages. If there weren’t any more people who needed the hunter’s furshe couldn’t tradethem for the things he needed.

As time went on, people used things that were valuableas a kind of money. Cattlewas one of the earliest forms of money. People who had many cows were thought to bevery rich. Later on, grainand salt were commonforms of money. They had advantagesbecause you could weighthem.

The Aztecs used cacao beans as money. They were valuableand easy to carry. The early American colonists used gunpowder, tobacco and nailsas money. These things were very rare at those times.

5. Прочитайте и переведите текст письменно:

Coins and Paper Money

In the course of timepeople thought of better ways of tradinggoods. They found out that metal, especiallygold and silver, was very valuable.

Some historians believe that the first coinswere made at around 700 B.C.[1] by the Lydians. The Greeks and Romans also had silver and gold coins.

But only in the late Middle Ages coinsbecame commonthroughout Europe. People knew how many coins they needed to buy something because they had a fixed value.

Paper money came into useabout 300 years ago. The idea came from goldsmithswho gave people pieces of paper in exchangefor their gold. They could exchange those notesfor their gold later on.

Until the middle of the 20th century governmentsall over the world had depositsof gold that was worth as much as the money they gave to their people.

Paper money had many advantages. It was cheaper to make and easier to carry around. But there were also dangers. Governmentscould produce as much paper money as they wanted. If to produce too many banknotes and give them to the people, there will be too much money to spend. If there are not enough goodsto buy, prices go up. The money then loseits value. We call this inflation.

Today, central banks control the amountof money in circulation. They make sure that paper money has a constant value.


КОНТРОЛЬНАЯ РАБОТА №1

Вариант №1

I. Поставьте глаголы “to be” или “to have” в Present Simple:

1. You … welcome.

2. The metro station … far from my house.

3. Mary and Nelly … friends.

4. She … a nice flat.

5. She … out.

II. Измените предложения по следующему образцу:

This is a thick notebook. - These are thick notebooks.

1). This is a blue plate. 2) This is a match. 3) This is a brown shelf. 4) That’s a glass. 5) This is a large factory. 6) That’s an easy text. 7) That’s a good textbook. 8) This is a grey hat.

III. Выполните письменный перевод текста и ответьте на вопросы:

I work for GCA Incorporated. This is my office. I've got a desk, a chair and two armchairs in my office. I have a computer on my desk and a telefax machine. Under the desk I've got a bin for waste paper. On the desk and on the shelves I’ve got many files. My computer’s screen is blue. I see many figures on the screen. These are the prices of various commodities.

My boss comes at nine o'clock. I see him at my desk. He says:

- Jack, whose files are these?

–These are my files and those are Norman's.

- O.K. Give me Norman's files. Сomе into my room and let's work on them.

We work from 9 a.m. till 15 p.m. We have much work to do.

 

I. Who do I work for?

2. What have I got in my office?

3. What is on my desk?

4. What is under my desk?

5. Where do I have files?

6. What colour is my computer's screen?

7. What do I see on the screen?

8. How many figures do I see on the screen?

9. What are these figures?

10. When does the boss come?

IV. Выпишите из текста прилагательные и образуйте положительную, сравнительную и превосходную степени сравнения и переведите их на русский язык.

Например: small - smaller - the smallest

V. Переделайте первое и четвертое предложения текста в вопросительные и отрицательные.

Вариант №2

I. Поставьте глаголы “to be” или “to have” в Present Simple:

1. She … a nice flat.

2. We … a little child. She … four.

3. They … a big car. It … red.

4. How … you?

5. How old … Mary?

II. Измените предложения по следующему образцу.

These pencils are brown. - This pencil is brown.

1. These pictures are nice.

2. These books are old.

3. These maps are new.

4. These walls are dark green.

5. These factories are large.

6. These cups are red.

7. These hats are dark blue.

8. His children are nice.

III. Выполните письменный перевод текста и ответьте на вопросы:

There are somе new figures on my computer's display. It shows changes in the market. The prices for oil go up. Some prices for machinery go down. Our company sells oil products and buys machinery. We can profit by the changes in the market. There is my boss over the telephone.

- Is there anything new in the market today, Norman?

- Some changes in the oil and machinery prices, boss.

- Quote them, please.

I quote the prices and we decide to increase the volume of our transactions in oil and machinery. There are no changes in prices for food and drinks. There are also a few changes in prices for clothes and footwear.

1. What is there on my computer's display?

2. What does my computer show?

3. What is new there in the oil and machinery prices?

4. What does our company sell?

5. What do we buy?

6. Who is there over the telephone?

7. What does the boss want mе to do?

8. What do we decide to do?

9. Are there any changes in prices for food and drinks?

10. Are there any changes in prices for clothes and footwear?

IV. Выпишите из текста прилагательные и образуйте положительную, сравнительную и превосходную степени сравнения и переведите их на русский язык.

Например: small - smaller - the smallest

V. Переделайте первое и четвертое предложения текста в вопросительные и отрицательные.

Вариант №3

I. Поставьте глаголы “to be” или “to have” в Present Simple:

1. How many children … they?

2. What country … she from?

3. We … well.

4. They … a small cottage. It … far away.

5. She … at home.

II. Измените предложения по следующему образцу:

These are notebooks. – This is a notebook.

1. These are cups.

2. These are apples.

3. These are pictures.

4. These are shelves.

5. These are coats.

6. These are dresses.

7. These are snowboards.

8. These are spoons.

III. Выполните письменный перевод текста и ответьте на вопросы:

Countries export some products and import others because sometimes it is cheaper to buy than to produce. There is climate and much vegetation in Australia. This is very good for sheep breeding and Australia exports much high-quality wool. Taiwan has many skilled technicians and so it produces radios, television sets and other electronic products for export. Canada's climate is good for wheat, and Argentina is a low-cost producer of meat. Canada ships its wheat to Argentina and Argentina sells its meat to Canada. Both countries profit by these import-export transactions. Very few countries do not take part in international business.

1. Why do some countries export and import products?

2. What kind of goods does Australia export and why?

3. What kinds of goods does Taiwan export? Why?

4. What is Canada’s climate good for?

5. What kind of producer is Argentina?

6. What kind of export-import transactions does Argentina and Canada take part in?

7. Do countries profit by international business?

IV. Выпишите из текста прилагательные и образуйте положительную, сравнительную и превосходную степени сравнения и переведите их на русский язык.

Например: small - smaller - the smallest

V. Переделайте первое и четвертое предложения текста в вопросительные и отрицательные.

Вариант №4

I. Поставьте глаголы “to be” или “to have” в Present Simple:

1. She … on time.

2. He … bad habits.

3. How far … it from here?

4. It … easy to ask him about it.

5. It … not good of her to say so.

II. Измените предложения по следующему образцу:

а cup – These are cups.

A fork, a glass, a large room, a lamp, a brown hat, a green wall, a white shelf, a large factory.

III. Выполните письменный перевод текста и ответьте на вопросы:

Importers and exporters do not use the same currency. When they buy and sell goods they change money from one currency to another. There are two ways of doing this. First, the importer can may in his own currency and the exporter changes it on the international currency market. Secondly, the importer sells his own currency and purchases the exporter's. The importer pays. Usually the banks buy and sell currency for their clients.

The international currency market consists of a net of international banks. Exchange brokers and dealers deal in foreign exchange (Forex) transactions. The exchange rates change (or fluctuate) from day to day. Dealers and banks choose the best rates and profit Forex dealing.

1. Do the importers and exporters use the same currency?

2. How do the importers get the currency they need?

3. What is the first way the importers use?

4. Where does the importer change money?

5. Who buys and sells currency for their clients?

6. What does the international currency market consist of?

7. Who deals in Forex transactions?

8. Do the exchange rates fluctuate?

9. What rates do the dealers choose: to profit by foreign currency transactions?

IV. Выпишите из текста прилагательные и образуйте положительную, сравнительную и превосходную степени сравнения и переведите их на русский язык.

Например: small - smaller - the smallest

V. Переделайте первое и четвертое предложения текста в вопросительные и отрицательные.

Вариант №5

I. Поставьте глаголы “to be” или “to have” в Present Simple:

1. She … two mistakes. Her mistakes … bad.

2. They … glad to see her.

3. It … a rainy day, … he an umbrella with him?

4. You … welcome.

5. The metro station … far from my house.

II. Ответьте на вопросы, употребив существительные в скобках во множественном числе:

1. What are these? (a hat, a knife, a picture, a tie, a cat)

2. What are those? (a fork, a glass, a large room, a lamp, a green wall)

III. Выполните письменный перевод диалога и ответьте на вопросы:

Herman (over the telephone): Hello. Operator, I need 364 28S 38... Thanks. Yeah... is this 364 285 38? What? Wrong number... 0h, God... Hey, operator, I need 364 285 38, ... 38. O.K. Is this 364 285 38? O.K. I need extention 291, please...

Operator: I'm putting you through.

Norman: Is this 291? Could I speak to Mrs. Johnson, please? No, I am calling from Lincoln, Florida... United States, yeah…

Who is speaking? Oh, hello, Linda. Norman here.

Linda Johnson: Hello, Norman, how are you?

Norman: I'm O.K. You know, we аrе signing a profitable contract with Lincoln Freight on Wednesday…

Linda: Wednesday? That is November,the twenty-fifth…

Norman: Yes, that's right. November the twenty fifth. Now, look, Linda, I need information on our latest transaction in Guatemala. It's about our bank's Letter of Credit dated July the fourth and August the thirteenth.

Linda: Reference numbers? Terms?

Norman: Yeah. Both.

Linda: Hold a moment, please …

1. What number does Norman call?

2. What extention does he need?

3. Who puts him through?

4. Where does he telephone?

5. What does he ask Linda about?

6. What are the dates of Letter of Credit?

IV. Выпишите из диалога прилагательные и образуйте положительную, сравнительную и превосходную степени сравнения и переведите их на русский язык.

Например: Small – smaller - the smallest

V. Переделайте вторую (Operator) и шестую (Linda) реплики диалога в вопросительные и отрицательные.


ВОПРОСЫ К ЗАЧЕТУ

1. Расскажите о себе: кто Вы, откуда.

2. Расскажите о своей семье.

3. С кем из всех членов Вашей семьи у Вас наилучшие отношения?

4. Расскажите о своем лучшем друге.

5. Расскажите, где Вы живете.

6. Расскажите о своей квартире/доме.

7. У Вас есть загородный дом? Как часто Вы туда ездите?

8. Какие Вы можете назвать преимущества жизни в городе и в сельской местности?

9. Расскажите о городе/селе, в котором Вы живете.

10. Как обычно проходит Ваш рабочий день?

11. Как обычно проходит Ваш выходной день?

12. Какие в Вашем городе есть театры, музеи, выставки, кино?

13. Какие культурные места в Вашем городе Вы посещаете?

14. Здоровый образ жизни.

15. Основы здорового питания.

16. Вы занимаетесь спортом? Каким именно?

17. Какие виды спорта популярны в Вашей стране?

18. Какие современные направления в фитнесе Вы знаете?

19. Современные проблемы молодежи: какие они?

20. Какие форматы магазинов есть в Вашем городе?

21. Какое место популярно для шоппинга в Вашем городе?

22. Опишите внешность близкого Вам человека.

23. Опишите характер близкого Вам человека.

24. Вы отмечаете семейные праздники?

25. Какие качества Вы цените в людях?

26. У Вас есть хобби?

27. Чем Вы всегда хотели заняться?

28. Какое Ваше любимое блюдо?

29. Расскажите о Вашем семейном путешествии.

30. Поделитесь идеями об интересных подарках.


ПРИМЕР ЗАДАНИЙ НА ЗАЧЕТЕ

К сдаче зачета допускаются обучающиеся, выполнившие контрольную работу в срок, предусмотренный графиком учебного процесса. Работа должна иметь оценку «зачтено». На зачете нужно иметь при себе тетрадь с упражнениями, выполненными во время аудиторных занятий и самостоятельно в течение всего учебного года, задания текущего контроля, заданные преподавателем к зимней сессии. Зачет состоит из трех заданий следующего формата:

Задание 1.Прочитайте и переведите текст:

The Euro

In 1991 the leaders of the European Union got together in the Netherlands and agreedon creatinga single currencyfor all of Europe.

On January 1, 2002, the Euro became the officialmoney in twelve of the fifteen EU nations. Only Great Britain, Sweden and Denmark wanted to stay with their old currency. In 2004, ten central and eastern European nations joinedthe EU.

The colourful euro banknotes were designedby the Austrian Robert Kalina. They rangefrom ? 5 to ? 500 and have a map, the EU flag, as well as arches, bridges and windows on them.

There are eight coinsrangingfrom 1 cent to 2 Euros. One side of the coins all look the same but on the other side each country has its own national design.

When banks and stock exchanges began using the Euro in 1999 it was worth 1.17 US dollars. People believed that introducing the Euro as the European currency could increase tradeamong European countries. It could also unifythe union and make it stronger. Many economic expertsalso predictedthat the Euro could compete with the US dollar as an important international currency.

Задание 2.Прочитайте текст без помощи словаря и передайте содержание на русском языке:

Credit cards

In the second half of the 20th century people realizedthat they didn’t have to carry money around to buy the things they needed. Banks sent information about money from bank to bank, so you could transfer your money from one place to another without touchingit.

Today, more and more people use credit cards to buy things. You don’t have to take realmoney with you. A credit card as a payment card differs from a cash card, which can be used like currency by the owner of the card. With a credit card the bank lendsits customer money to buy something. The customer signsa small slipof paper and the shop assistant sends it to the bank and gets his money at once. A few weeks later the customerpays the money back to the bank.

Задание 3.My Native Place.


Литература

Основные источники:

1. Агабекян И.П. Английский язык для бакалавров. - Р.н/Д: Феникс, - A Course of English for Bachelor's Degree Students. Intermediate level. - 3-е изд., стер. - ("Высшее образование") (ГРИФ) /Агабекян И.П.

2. Агабекян И.П. Английский язык для ссузов, лицеев, колледжей. – М.: Проспект, 2011.

3. Агабекян И.П. Английский язык: сервис и туризм. – М.: Наука-Спектр, 2010.

Дополнительные источники:

1. Агабекян И.П. Английский для обслуживающего персонала. – Ростов-на-Дону: «Феникс», 2007.

1. Англо-русские и русско-английские словари.

2. Войтенок В.В. Разговорный английский: пособие по развитию устной речи. - М.: Айрис-пресс, 2009.

2. Учебники и пособия по практической грамматике английского языка.

3. Щербакова Н.И. Английский язык для специалистов сферы общественного питания. – М.: Академия, 2005.

 


 

Таблица неправильных глаголов

Инфинитив (Infinitive) Прошедшее простое время (Past Simple) Причастие прошедшего времени (Past Participle) Перевод
be was, were been быть, нести, родить
beat beat beaten бить
become became become стать, сделаться
begin began begun начать
blow blew blown, blowed дуть
break broke broken ломать
bring brought brought принести
build built built строить
burn burnt, burned burnt, burned жечь, гореть
buy bought bought купить
catch caught caught ловить, поймать
choose chose chosen выбрать
come came come прийти
cost cost cost стоить
cut cut cut резать
do did done делать
draw drew drawn тащить, рисовать
dream dreamt, dreamed dreamt, dreamed грезить, мечтать
drink drank drunk пить, выпить
drive drove driven гнать, ехать
eat ate eaten кушать, есть
fall fell fallen падать
feel felt felt чувствовать
fight fought fought сражаться, драться
find found found находить
fly flew flown летать
forget forgot forgotten забыть
get got got получить
give gave given дать
go went gone идти, уходить
grow grew grown расти
have had had иметь
hear heard heard слушать
hide hid hidden прятать(ся)
hold held held держать
keep kept kept хранить
know knew known знать
lead led led вести
learn learnt, learned learnt, learned учить
leave left left оставить
lend lent lent одолжить
let let let пустить, дать
light lit, lighted lit, lighted осветить
lose lost lost терять
make made made делать
may might might мочь, иметь возможность
mean meant meant значить, подразумевать
meet met met встретить
pay paid paid платить
put put put класть
read read, red read, red читать
ring rang rung звонить
run ran run бежать, течь
say said said говорить, сказать
see saw seen видеть
sell sold sold продавать
send sent sent послать
set set set устанавливать
shine shone, shined shone, shined светить, сиять
show showed shown, showed показывать
shut shut shut закрывать
sing sang sung петь
sit sat sat сидеть
sleep slept slept спать
speak spoke spoken говорить
spend spent spent тратить, проводить
stand stood stood стоять
sweep swept swept мести, подметать
swim swam swum плыть
take took taken взять, брать
teach taught taught учить
tell told told рассказывать, сказать
think thought thought думать
throw threw thrown бросить
understand understood understood понимать
upset upset upset опрокинуть, огорчить
win won won выиграть
write wrote written писать

 


[1] B.C. = Before Christ = до н.э.





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