Архитектура Аудит Военная наука Иностранные языки Медицина Металлургия Метрология
Образование Политология Производство Психология Стандартизация Технологии
Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine
Imperial College is located in London. It was established in 1907 by Royal Charter ‘to give the highest specialised instruction, and to provide the fullest equipment for the most advanced training and research in various branches of science, especially in its application to industry.’ The College is part of the University of London which is the largest university in the country for full-time students and has many thousands part-time.
The College itself is a federation of four closely linked colleges: the Royal College of Science, the Royal School of Mines, the City and Guilds College and St.Mary ‘s Medical School. All these colleges are working in the broad fields of the physical sciences, the life sciences, the earth sciences, mining, metallurgy and allied subjects, the main branches of engineering, including computing, and medicine.
The reputation of the staff is high. There are Noble Prize winners, Fellows of the Royal Society and Fellows of the Fellowship of Engineering among them.
Imperial College has strong links with both industry and government. Visiting professors and lecturers, industry and government establishments make an important contribution to the more specialized teaching at the College. Industry also provides the College with financial support for certain academic posts, advanced courses, bursaries and scholarships.
There are many departments which provide various study and research programmes for students working for higher degrees (MPhil, MSc or PhD) or on the post-doctoral level. For example, Department of Materials has extensive facilities for the processing and examination of materials. The topics include the following: semiconductors and devices, silicate melts, slags and ashes; metal matrix composites; microstructure and property relationships in alloys; development of new alloys; corrosion and protection, etc. Science and Technology Studies (STS) at Imperial examines the culture of modern science and technology from the perspective of the humanities. Teaching and research emphasise the history, communications and public understanding of science and technology from the origins of the Industrial Revolution to the present.
Students’ life at Imperial College is very interesting. There is a wide range of athletic, social and recreational clubs. All social, cultural and athletic needs of students are provided by the Imperial College Student Union.
(Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, 1993)
Exercise 1.Agree or disagree with the following statements:
1. The College is part of the University of London.
2. Imperial College has strong links with industry.
3. Industry doesn’t provide the College with financial support.
4. Imperial College doesn’t provide study programmes for applied sciences.
5. The humanities do not play an important part in the College curriculum.
6. Visiting professors from industry establishments often give lectures at Imperial College.
Exercise 2.Which of the two answers best matches the meaning of the
underlined word in the following sentences?
1.Imperial College is located in London.
a) existed b) situated
2. It gives instruction in the field of natural sciences.
a) education b) knowledge
3. Training of highly-qualified specialists is very important for national industry.
a) schooling b) preparation
4. Newton computed the weights of the planets.
a) measured b) calculated
5. There is a wide range of various clubs at Imperial College.
a) number b) scope
6. The stars are too numerous to be counted.
a) large b) abundant
7. This college is famous for the most advanced training.
a) progressive b) proceeded
8. Diamonds are expensive partly because they are so rare.
a) abundant b) scarce
Exercise 3. Here are the names of some faculties of Moscow Institute of Steel and Alloys.
Make a topic about your college or institute, using this material. There is more additional material in Appendix:
Faculty of Non-ferrous and Precious Metals :
Some specialities: non-ferrous metals metallurgy; metal engineering and thermal treatment of metals; composite and powder materials; automation of technological processes and productions.
Faculty of Metallurgy Technologies, Mineral Resources Saving and Ecology:
Some specialities: metallurgy of ferrous metals; cast production of ferrous and non-ferrous metals; standartization and certification in metallurgy;
Faculty of Technology:
Some specialities: metallurgical equipment; press treatment of metals
Faculty of Semiconducting Materials and Devices:
Some specialities: material engineering and new materials technology; materials and components of solid state electronics; microelectronics and semiconducting devices.
Exercise 4.Arrange the jumbled text given below.
1. The classes may be organized by the local education authority or by the Workers’ Educational Association, and in them people find an agreeable social life as well as the means for pursuing their own hobbies more satisfactorily. All this, together with the popularity of amateur dramatics, can provide some comfort for those who fear that modern mass entertainment is producing a passive society.
2. The session for evening classes is normally from late September to the end of June (in some cases Easter), and when a definite course of study is being undertaken, it is most important that students should join the class at the beginning of the sessions in order to obtain full benefit from the course.
3. Apart from the organized classes mention must also be made of the privately arranged groups of people who join together for the pursuit of their hobbies.
4. Evening classes, each meeting usually once a week, are flourishing immensely, and not only those which prepare people for examinations leading to professional qualifications. Many people attend classes connected with their hobbies, such as photography, painting, folk-dancing, dog training, cake decoration, archaeology, local history, car maintenance and other subjects, some of them no less surprising than some of these.
5. Evening classes reopen every autumn for those who want to advance their career, to study for an examination, to follow up some special interest or to get more enjoyment out of their leisure hours. Men and women, old and young, professional and amateurs - all are catered for.
Describing Feelings. Expressing Feelings. Character
1. Describing feelings.
He is sad frightened sorry
She looks angry bored proud
feels puzzled excited worried
2. Expressing feelings.
a) Congratulations and wishes
Many happy returns (of the day) Поздравляю с днем рождения
Merry Christmas! Поздравляю с Рождеством
(A) Happy New Year! C Новым годом!
(My) best wishes to you (Мои) наилучшие пожелания
May all your dreams come true Желаю,чтобы все ваши мечты сбылись!
Good luck! Желаю удачи!
Enjoy yourself! Желаю вам хорошо провести
Have fun! время (повеселиться)!
Have a good time!
Things will come right. Все обойдется.
Poor thing! Бедняжка!
What a shame ! Какая жалость!
Don’t worry. Не беспокойся.
Take it easy . Не принимай близко к сердцу
Come on. Успокойтесь
Things do happen Всякое бывает
Let’s hope for the best Давайте надеяться на лучшее
c) Anger, irritation
How awful/terrible/dreadful/ Как ужасно
It’s outageous! Это возмутительно
It’s ludicrous! Это смешно, нелепо
How annoying! Какая досада!
What a shame! Не стыдно?
Shame on you! Стыдитесь. Как вам не стыдно!
How dare you . . . Как вы смеете . . .
Leave me alone! Оставьте меня в покое
For God’s/Heaven’s sake! Ради Бога!
Exercise 1.Which of these patterns would be appropriate?
1. If you are sympathizing with someone in a grievous loss:
a) Hard luck b) Never mind c) I’m so sorry
2. If you are at a birthday party:
a) Congratulations! b) Many happy returns! c) Have fun
3. If you are consoling somebody on failing at an exam:
a) Take it easy! b) I’m so sorry! c) Don’t worry
4. If a guest has spilled milk on your new dress:
a) How awful! b) Don’t worry c) Shame on you
5. If you are congratulating your friend on his wedding.
a) May all your dreams come true. b) Have fun c) My best wishes to you
6. Congratulate your friend on moving to a new flat:
a) Have a good time b) Congratulations c) Have fun
7. Sympathise with a friend on something not very serious:
a) Poor thing! b) It’s outrageous! c) Shame on you
Exercise 2. Learn the dialogues by heart and make dialogues of your own, using the patterns.
Kate - What a horrible morning! We were held up by the fog.
Ben - Wasn’t the traffic awful this morning?
Kate - It was simply shocking. We had to wait for ages for the train.
Ben - How very annoying! Most annoying!
Peter - Hi, Susan.
Susan - Hello, Peter. You look so happy.
Peter - Oh, yes, I am. I’m on holiday.
Susan - Lucky you! Congratulations!
Peter - Thanks. I’m going off for a few days.
Susan - How nice for you! Have a good time.
Ben - Hello, Kate.
Kate - Hi, Ben. You look a bit sad.
Ben - Yes, I am.
Kate - Why, what’s wrong?
Ben - I’ve left my bag in a bus.
Kate - What a shame. How miserable for you. Come on, things will come
right, you’ll find it at a Lost Property Office.
Exercise 3.Which of the following are answers to good news and
which to bad news?
1. Thank goodness! 2. Try not to worry.
3. Don’t worry. 4. Oh dear!
5. That’s marvellous! 6. It’s ludicrous!
7. Congratulations! 8. Well done!
9. What a shame! 10. Things do happen.
11. That’s terrible. 12. It’ll be all right.
13. Have a good time! 14. Let’s hope for the best.
Just For Fun!
No one in the world has ever written just like you!
People have known for hundreds of years that the way you write can show what sort of person you are. Experts have written books on the subject. These experts are called graphologists. They study the size and slant of the letters. They also look to see if the style is simple or complicated.
You have your own special way of writing. No one in the world has ever written just like you. It is impossible to imitate exactly the way someone else writes. Handwriting experts often help the police to detect forgeries.
Is your writing big?
You want everybody to notice you. You always like to be in the centre of things and organise other people. You make big plans for your career.
Is your writing small?
You do not want people to notice you. You are reserved and keep your feelings to yourself. You are a very sensitive person.
Is your writing broad?
You always say what you think and you are not worried if other people do not like what you say. You are sure of yourself.
Is your writing narrow?
You like to have people and things around you that you know well. You like to do things that you know are safe. You do not like life to be very exciting.
Non - Ferrous Metals
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