Архитектура Аудит Военная наука Иностранные языки Медицина Металлургия Метрология
Образование Политология Производство Психология Стандартизация Технологии
II. Learn the following dialogues.
· Good morning. Mr. White’s office.
· Good morning. I’m Belov from the Russian Trade Delegation. I’d like to speak to Mr. White.
· He is not here at the moment. Could I take a message for him?
· Yes. Could you tell him Mr. Belov phoned him about our offer?
· Certainly, Mr. Belov.
· Thank you. Good-bye.
· Good afternoon. The Russian Trade Delegation.
· Good afternoon. This is White calling. Could I speak to Mr. Belov?
· Just a minute, please.
· Good afternoon, Mr. White. How are you?
· I am fine, Mr. Belov. And how are you?
· Pretty well too, thank you.
· Mr. Belov, I’d like to tell you that the goods we bought from you last year were of high quality and met the requirements of our customers.
· Glad to hear that.
· This year we’d like to buy some cars from you too. I’d like to meet you and discuss some matters with you.
· Fine. Could you come to the Russian Trade Delegation on Friday at 10:30.
· Yes, I think so. See you on Friday then. Good-bye, Mr. Belov.
II. Supply the articles where necessary.
1. ‘I’m happy to meet you.’– ‘… pleasure is mine.’
2. It’s … pleasure to spend … weekend in … country.
3. ‘Will you go to … British Museum with us?’ – ‘Yes, with … pleasure.’
4. It’s … good market for our goods.
5. We know … prices on … world market for this type of equipment.
6. We couldn’t accept … price of … Seller. They quoted … very high price.
7. … prices for this type of Casio calculators are usually high.
III. Supply the correct forms of the verbs.
1. Last month we (to place) a trial order with Brown & Co.
2. Next June we (to be going) to make a transaction with Bell & Co.
3. ‘Let’s go to the theatre with us.’ – ‘No, I can’t. You see, I (not to finish) my work yet.’
4. ‘Why (not to go) to the manufacturing plant yesterday afternoon?’
* * *
Customer:All right. I (to give) you one last chance. It’s this order. No more mistakes. Last time you (to deliver) the wrong office furniture.
Manager: Oh, I’m very sorry. We (not to do) that again.
Customer:I hope not. Remember! This order (to be) very important and I’d like to stress that I must have it next week. Any other delivery time (not to be) acceptable to me.
Manager: Yes, certainly. We (to send) it on time. We always (to send) you your orders on time, don’t we?
Customer:No, you … You once (to deliver) me an order with a 6 months’ delay. One more thing, packing must be excellent.
Manager: Yes, certainly. I think you (to agree) that we always (to do) it in the past.
Customer:No, it’s not like that. Well, and the last thing, write my name clearly, please.
Manager:Certainly. I (to do) that myself. The goods (to come) to the right address and at the time you (to require) them.
Customer: Good. That’s all.
Manager:Thank you, Mr. Harden, and good-bye, Mr. Harden.
Customer:What (to say) you?
Manager:I (to say) ‘Thank you’ and …
Customer:Not that. I mean the name.
Customer:Harden! My name (not to be) Harden. I (to be) Marden. ‘M’ as in ‘man’, not ‘H’ as in ‘ham’. Oh, I (to think) I (to have) to order the goods from another company.
IV. Supply the correct prepositions where necessary.
1. We are sorry to say we are not satisfied … the quality … your goods.
2. This markers are … great demand … the world market.
3. We look forward … establishing good business relations … your company.
4. Your prices are not acceptable … us. We find them too high.
5. ‘… what price do you sell your machines?’ – We quote ?20 … unit.
6. We are to open a Letter … Credit … Belinvest Bank after you receive our Notification … Readiness.
* * *
Mr White is speaking … the phone … Mr Black, the manager … a carpet shop.
W: Good morning! My name is White. Have you got any Turkish carpets?
B: Yes, certainly.
W: What’s the size?
B: … very large … small ones.
W: … what price do you sell them?
B: £50 … square metre.
W: I’m afraid the price is not acceptable … me. I find it high.
B: I can’t agree … you here, Mr White. All our customers find our price quite reasonable.
W: But we have bought some carpets lately … a lower price.
B: Then I’m sure their quality is worse than the quality … our carpets. You will see it yourself, Mr White, if you come … our shop. We are open … 7 o’clock in the evening. I’m sure you’ll be satisfied … the quality.
W: All right. I’ll be … you … 6.
B: Fine. I look forward … meeting you … that time.
V. Use too, also, either.
1. A passer-by didn’t know the way to the British Museum and he asked me how to get there. but as it was my first visit to London, I myself didn’t know the way there … .
2. My friend told me so many interesting things about St. Petersburg that I decided to go there … .
3. ‘I like light colours. And you?’ – ‘Yes, I like them … .’
4. The Embassy Hotel was full. There was no accommodation at the Tavistock Hotel … .
5. ‘We would like to fly to Sochi. And what about you?’ – ‘I would … like to go there by plane.’
The Past Simple and the Past Continuous Tenses
The Past Continuous Tense выражает действие как процесс, the Past Simple Tense как факт совершения действия.
I was reading all day yesterday.
I read all day yesterday.
Я вчера читал весь день.
Когда два длительных действия совершаются одновременно, они оба выражаются с помощью либо Past Continuous, либо Past Simple. (Если мы придаем действию оттенок процесса, то употребляется Past Continuous, если просто констатируем факт, то Past Simple)
While he was having breakfast I was reading the newspaper.
While I had breakfast I read the newspaper
В то время как он завтракал, я читал газету.
Exercise 1. Open the brackets and use the Past Continuous Tense.
1. At 1 o’clock she (to have) lunch.
2. When I came in, he (to lie) in bed.
3. I looked out of the window. The sun (to shine) and the birds (to sing).
4. While Jane (to cook), I (to lay) the table.
5. I fell asleep when I (to read).
6. While I (to drive) along the road, a cat ran out in front of the car.
8. I met him in London. He (to study) at the University.
Exercise 2. Practise the use of the Past Continuous and the Past Simple Tenses.
1. When the guests (to arrive), Mrs Black (to cook) still dinner.
2. Tom (not to want) to lend us the money at first but then he (to agree).
3. The illness (to get) worse and worse. In the end he (to go) to hospital for an operation.
4. I (to walk) along the road yesterday when I (to meet) an old friend. She (to go) to the post-office.
5. We (to see) an accident when we (to wait) for the bus.
6. Where you (to go) at this time yesterday?
7. I (to go) to sleep at 3 o’clock this morning and (to wake up) an hour later at 4.
8. He (to give up) his job as a journalist and (to become) a teacher.
9. While we (to be) on holiday, we (to spend) most of our time swimming and sailing.
7. When the teacher came, we (to listen) to the tape.
10.We (to go) down in the lift when suddenly it (to stop).
11. When my car (to break) down, I (to phone) a garage.
12. When I (to shave), I (to cut) myself.
13. Ann (to show) me a photograph and then (to go) to the kitchen for some drinks.
14. Sally (to lie) in bed when her mother (to enter) the room.
How often do you travel? Where do you like to go? Do you ever travel on business?
Exercise 1. When you travel, which of the following do you like or not like? Make sentences as in the examples.
I like meeting new people. I don’t mind packing.
I like eating new food. I don’t like flying.
I like visiting new places. I hate checking in.
· checking in
· waiting for luggage
· booking rooms
· speaking a foreign language
· packing suitcases
· being away from home
· seeing new places
Exercise 2. People often do these things when they travel. Match the verbs with the correct word combinations.
Put actions from exercise 2 into order.
1. to buy a ticket
Exercise 3. Complete these sentences. Use the nouns from the box.
At the ticket office
1. I need to change my ……. .
2. Is there a direct …… ?
At the check-in desk
1. Can I take this as hand ……. ?
2. Can I have an aisle ……. ?
In a taxi
1. Please take me to the city …… .
2. Can I have a ……. , please?
At the hotel
1. I have a ……….. for two nights. My name’s Collin.
2. Can I send a … from here?
3. Can I have an alarm …. , please?
Work in pairs. Ask each other for the following information.
Can I …
· take a taxi from the airport to the office?
· smoke in the building?
· get lunch in the cafeteria?
· get secretarial help?
· use a computer?
Give your own examples.
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