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Reading and understanding test




 

ADVICE

 

• Practice reading English texts every day. Do not limit yourself to one topic. Become familiar with an diverse range of subjects.

 

• Read the entire paragraph first to understand the main idea of the text.

 

• Read the entire question and refer back to the text to find the answer.

 

• When answering a question, use proper sentence building: there is a main subject and main verb and they agree in number and tense.

 

• Each sentence should start with a capital letter and end with a point.


 

 

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PRACTICE TEST

 

Read the following paragraph and answer the questions.

 

‘Antarctica is situated over the South Pole and is divided into two separate regions called Greater Antarctica to the east and Lesser Antarctica to the west.

Weather conditions when traveling to Antarctica vary greatly. In the extreme southern hemisphere, winters (June-August) are dark and spring/summer ( October-February) has long hours of light. During the summers, temperatures range from around 20 degrees to as warm as 48 degrees. Due to the natural patterns of the sun however, the extended daylight hours often warm those areas that are protected from winds. Some guests find it warm enough for t-shirts and shorts!

 

Due to the erratic weather of Antarctica, there is a very small window for traveling to Antarctica that spans from November to March. We prefer to travel during the early season which is late October through the end of November for a variety of reasons. One of these is that even though relatively small numbers of people visit Antarctica, there are even fewer in the spring (October-November) than in the peak tourist season of December to February. Arriving in October and November is beautiful because life is emerging from a long winter's sleep and the landings are still untouched.

 

The trip embarks from Ushuaia, Argentina. Common air routes typically transit through Buenos Aires, Argentina or Santiago Chile.’

 

This piece is adapted from http://www.rowadventures.com/travel-to-antarctica.htm

 

1. Where is Antarctica located?

 

2. How is Antarctica divided?

 

3. Is the weather the same year-round?

 

4. What is the temperature range during summer?

 

5. During what period of the year is travel to Antarctica possible?

 

6. Why is it better to travel from end of October through end of November?

 

7. In which city can you embark for the trip?


 

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ANSWERS

 

1. Where is Antarctica located? Antarctica is located over the South Pole.

How is Antarctica divided?

 

Antarctica is divided into two separate regions called Greater Antarctica to the east and Lesser Antarctica to the west.

 

Is the weather the same year-round?

 

No, the weather is not the same throughout the year. Weather conditions vary greatly from summer to winter.

 

4. What is the temperature range during summer? During the summer, the temperatures range from 20 to 48 degrees.

During what period of the year is travel to Antarctica possible?

Travel to Antarctica is possible from November to March.

Why is it better to travel from end of October through end of November?

It is better to travel from end of October through end of November because there are even less people visiting during this time. Also, the scenery is beautiful because life is emerging from a long winter's sleep.

In which city can you embark for the trip?

 

You can embark for the trip in Ushuaia, Argentina.


 

 

©Copyright Kara Grand - How to Become a Flight Attendant




Essay writing

 

ADVICE

 

• Read the topic carefully and make sure you understand it.

 

• Always decide on what you are going to write before you start. Make a list of your main points.

 

• It should be easy to identify the introduction, development and conclusion. Each section should have at least one separate paragraph.

 

• Write in a clear and large script.

 

• Address the entire question or statement, not just part of it.

 

• By the rules of English punctuation, each sentence should start with a capital letter and end with a point, question mark or exclamation point.

 

• Write short, simple complete sentences. This style sounds strong in English.

 

• Do not begin sentences with the conjunctions and, or, but or because.

 

• Make sure that each sentence has a clearly identifiable main subject and main verb and that they agree in number and tense.

 

• Use a variety of sentence structures: question, passive voice sentence, conditional sentence, complex sentence, etc.

 

• Use specific examples or reasons to support your ideas.

 

• Stories or examples from your personal life are best.

 

• Remember, no one is checking up to see if these stories are true.


 

 

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PRACTICE ESSAY

 

If you could rule any country in the world, which country would that be and what would you do?

 

EXAMPLE

 

If I was given a chance to run any country in the world, I would choose Nepal. I visited this country 5 years ago and I was absolutely amazed by the hospitality and the simple and humble happiness that can be seen in Nepali people.

 

The country has some of the most amazing scenery in the world, with numerous protected UNESCO World Heritage Sites, fantastic mountain trails and untouched nature.

 

In the same time though, a big part of Nepal's population lives in extreme poverty and I would like to focus on making their life better.

 

I believe that the only way to help people living in poverty is by education. Most people in the countryside stop sending their children to school because they need help around their house. I would encourage people sending their children to school by offering a small allowance to help the family to work their fields or keeping their animals while the children are learning.

 

I would also introduce a broader range of practical courses such as basics of building a small business, manufacturing, tailoring, artisanal work, restaurant management, tourist guide course, English and bookkeeping.

 

On a larger scale, I would focus on tourism and expanding the range of services that are available for the tourists visiting the country. For the time being, most people coming to Nepal are mountain enthusiasts who are passionate about trekking and nature. Nepal has so much more to offer. I would start a series of short TV documentaries and 30-seconds commercials with highlights of Nepal’s culture and possibilities. These will be broadcast on international networks such as Discovery


 

 

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Channel, National Geographic, CNN and other TV channels with broad international coverage.

The documentaries will be focusing on architecture - the buildings and temples from the XVth century that still exist today, ancient cities, Tibetan monks refugee camps, yoga and relaxation retreats, as well as Nepali art classes and workshops. Of course, all of this would be just the beginning. I believe it takes continuous and sustained effort to achieve a better standard of living, from both the government authorities and the people.

 



SIMILAR EXERCISES

 

List 3 things that you like and 3 things you don't like of yourself and why?

What is your biggest regret.

 

Describe your last vacation.


 

 

©Copyright Kara Grand - How to Become a Flight Attendant


 





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