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Outline for Motion Picture Review

1. Type of film:feature film, comedy, black-and-white, short, etc.

2. Production:What studio released the film? Was it co-pro­duction? Was the film dubbed?

3. Story (plot):Is it by a well-known author? Is the story origi­nal? True to life? What is the climax of the story? Is the endinglogical?

4. Direction:Who directed the film? Was the introduction of characters and scenes skilful? Are useless scenes included?

5. Photography:Is it artistically done? Are there good shots? Are close-ups used effectively?

6. Acting:Name the leading characters. Are there any stars? Any outstanding performances of minor roles? True-to-life inter­pretation of characters?

7. Sound effects:Does speaking or acting predominate? Does the dialogue seem real? Do actors speak effectively? Are charac­teristic noises employed? Is the music suitable?

8. Critics:What do critics say about the picture? Are their opin­ions sound? Do you share their points of view?

9. General impression and conclusion:The impression the film made on you. How was the effect achieved? Do you think this film is worth seeing?

Ex 12Complete these sentences using one of the words from the box in each space:

screen, western, director, musical, cast, cartoon, scene, horror, scenario, script, star, stunt man, writer, producer, critic, comedy, adventure, performance, soundtrack

1. There are songs in nearly every scene, it’s just the kind of film I like best. There’s nothing like a good ____.

2. I think they should have cut the opening ____. It was a boring way to begin the film.

3. I don’t think the star actually jumped through the window; it must have been done by a ____.

4. Audiences everywhere love her films, particularly when she plays the lead role. She’s a born ____.

5. A ____ describes the action that takes place in a film, whereas the ____ is what the actors say.

6. She’s a wonderful ____. She knows how to get a good ____ out of her cast.

7. Is the ____ of the film on CD? I’d love to have the music at home to listen to.

Ex 13Here is a list of different TV programmes.

a) Give a brief description of each kind of programme.

Current affairs



Educational film

The arts


Example: Current affairs. These programmes deal with policy and society. Their aim is to analyze problems and to show viewpoints.

Use these expressions in your description:

1. These programmes deal with


2. Their aim is to give


3. They are concerned with


4. They also include



b) Say which programmes you have watched this week.

c) Say how many television channels there are in your town, and if there are any differences in the programmes shown on different channels?

d) Suggest your ideas for a new TV channel. What kind of programmes would you like to show and at what time?


Ex 14Name the most popular programmes.

a) Try to give reasons to explain the viewers’ preferences.

b) Say what your favourite programme is.

c) Find out what the least popular type of programme is and why.

Ex 15Agree or disagree. Give reasons for what you say.

1. Nature films are much better in colour that in black and white.

2. With television there is the problem that one member of the family wants to view one programme while others wish to see another.

3. Children watch too much television nowadays.

4. People watch television because they are bored.


Ex 16There are some common arguments for and against television. Use them in your topic:


1. Television brings the world into our living-room. We see people in our country and in other lands, and learn of their customs, occupations, opinions, problems.

2. We get a great amount of information. We become better informed by watching documentaries, science programmes, discussions.

3. It gives wonderful possibilities for education. We see great events which will pass into history. We can see famous people.

4. We become more cultured people by learning more in the arts.

5. It enriches our intellect, gives us opportunities to see the best actors and performances.

6. Television helps us to relax after a day’s hard work.


1. Television is doing a lot of harm. Some pupils do their homework in front of the television set. Others rush through their homework so they can watch television. Some pupils are so attracted to television that they do not do their homework at all.

2. Many people do not concentrate when viewing – so their time is largely wasted.

3. some children have made television their main leisure activity. We begin to forget other ways to occupy our spare time.

4. Television may lead to poor health through lack of exercise, eyestrain.

5. People begin to forget the art of conversation. They sit in front of their television sets instead of visiting their friends and relatives.

6. We get so lazy, that we choose to spend a fine day glued to our TV sets.


Lesson 23

The lexical theme: Meals.



1. for the first course: (на первое)

mushroom soup (грибной суп), potato soup, vegetable soup (овощной суп), pea soup (гороховый суп), fish soup, cabbage soup(щи), broth (бульон).

2. for the second course: (на второе)

roast meat (chicken) (жареное мясо (курица)), stewed meat (тушеное мясо), boiled meat (potatoes) (вареное мясо (картошка)), fried fish (potatoes) (жаренаярыба (картошка)), liver (печень), frankfurters (сосиски), cutlets (котлеты), mashed potatoes (пюре), macaroni, spaghetti, rice (рис)

3. for the dessert: (на десерт)

fresh fruit (свежие фрукты), juice (сок), mineral water, ice-cream, biscuits(печенье сухое), cookies(печенье сдобное), cake (торт, кекс), fancy cake(пирожное), buns (сдобные булочки), pancakes (блины), jam (варенье), honey (мед), chocolate

4. for breakfast:

bread and butter, sandwich, porridge (овсяная каша), bacon, soft-boiled eggs (яйца всмятку), hard-boiled eggs (яйца вкрутую), fried eggs (глазунья), omelet, cheese, cottage cheese (творог), sour cream (сметана), yoghurt, tea, coffee, cocoa (какао)

Places where you can eat

Cafe: you can have a cup of tea / coffee and a snack there (= something small to eat like a sandwich or a cake). They sometimes serve meals there too.

Restaurant: you go there for a full meal; more expensive than a cafe.

Bar / pub: bars and pubs serve alcohol and soft drinks (= non-alcoholic drinks like fruit juice and lemonade); you can usually have a meal or a snack there too.

Sandwich bar: a place that serves lots of different kinds of sandwiches. People usually buy sandwiches and take them to eat in a different place, at work or in the park.

Fast food restaurant: you can get a quick hot meal there, for example burger and chips.

Self-service restaurant / cafe: you take what you want, pay for it and carry it to your table.

Ex 1 Using the following patterns, say as many sentences as you can:

What do you like (prefer)?

What does your father (mother, sister, brother, friend, etc.) like (prefer)?


I like (prefer) strong weak   tea coffee with without sugar lemon milk jam
My father mother sister brother friend etc. likes (prefers)


Ex 2Practice the following bits of conversation “in a chain”, substituting the italicized words by the words suggested in the lists, f.e.:

A (to B): What shall I cook for dinner?

B (to A): Cook roast chicken, please. We haven’t had roast chicken for dinner for a long time.

B (to C): What shall I cook for dinner?

С (toB): Cook fried fish, please. We haven’t had fried fish for dinner for a long time.

C (to D): What shall I cook for dinner?

D (to C): Cook mushroom soup, please. We haven’t had mushroom soup for dinner for a long time.

D (to E): What shall I cook for dinner? etc.


A: Pass me the salt, please.

B: Here youare.

A: Thank you.

B: You are welcome.

(Words for substitution: bread, butter, sugar, pepper, mustard, spring onion, pars­ley, dill, jam, marmalade, cheese, sour cream.)


A: These cookies are delicious! Can I have another one?

B: Of course. Help yourself.

(Words for substitution: pies, chocolates, peaches, cakes, pancakes, rolls, buns, mari­nated cucumbers.)


A: Your fish salad is delicious! Can I have another helping?

B: Certainly, you are welcome.

(Words for substitution: meat salad, Russian salad, cab­bage soup, buckwheat por­ridge)


A: Shall I cook liverfor dinner?

B: Oh, great! We haven’t had liver for dinner for a long time.

(Words for substitution: kidneys, turkey, cutlets, fish soup, pea soup, spaghetti, stewed cabbage, mushrooms, beef-steak, roast beef, fried potatoes.)


A: Do we have any coffee left?

B: No, I am afraid not.

(Words for substitution: tea, sugar, potatoes, chocolates, jam, honey, sour cream, cheese, chicken broth, onion, cutlets, tomatoes, cucumbers.)


A: Have another cup of tea?

B: No, thank you, I’ve had enough.

(Words for substitution: cup of coffee, glass of juice, piece of cake, piece of pie, helping of salad, plate of soup, sandwich, biscuit, apple)


A: Let me treat you to chocolate cake, I’ve made it myself.

B: Oh, thank you. The cake is delicious! You are a very good (wonderful, great) cook.

(Words for substitution: fish salad, meat salad, meat pie, raspberry pie, lemon pie.)


A: Help yourself to the salad.

B: Thank you with pleasure.

(Words for substitution: mushrooms, green peas, herring, cheese, sausage, ham, bacon, cake, pie, chicken.)


A: Will you have another helping of salad?

B: Oh no, thank you, I am afraid that would be too much.

(Wordsfor substitution: tomatoes, green peas, her­ring, stewed meat, soup, porridge.)


A: What (is it that) smells so tasty?

B: It’s chicken broth, I’ve just cooked it.

(Words for substitution: Cabbage soup, roast turkey, roast beef, buckwheat por­ridge, mushroom soup, fried fish, liver.)


Ex 3 Read the text:


Some people have three meals a day, others have four. I usually have four meals.

My first meal is breakfast. I have it early in the morning before going to university. As a rule, I don’t feel hungry early in the morning, so I always have a light breakfast. I eat a sandwich with cheese or sausage, or scrambled eggs with a slice of bread and butter. After it I drink a cup of black coffee with a lot of sugar. I am fond of coffee and drink it every day.

My sister doesn’t like eggs and she usually has a sandwich or a couple of toasts and a cup of tea. But her favourite breakfast is a piece of cake or a fancy-cake left over from yesterday.

My mother usually has no breakfast at all. Sometimes she just drinks a cup of tea with milk and eats a spoonful of jam with a little slice of white bread.

My father likes to have a big breakfast. He usually eats something hot – a piece of roast meat or a cutlet with potatoes or macaroni. He drinks a cup of coffee without sugar: he doesn’t like sugar in his coffee.

Some people like porridge for breakfast. They say porridge is very healthy food, and we must begin our day with a plate of porridge.

The English usually have a big breakfast. The traditional English breakfast is a plate of porridge,bacon and eggs and a cup of tea with toast and jam or marmalade.

There are four members in our family, and on week days we have our breakfast at different times. My mother is the first to get up in the morning. She prepares breakfast for the family and wakes up my father. They have breakfast together when my sister and I are still asleep. We are the last to get up, and we have breakfast when father and mother are getting ready to leave home for work.

On Sunday, when everybody is at home, we have breakfast together. For our Sunday breakfast we have the same food as on week days: sandwiches with cheese or sausage, scrambled eggs or soft-boiled eggs. Sometimes we have cottage cheese and sour cream for breakfast. But our favourite Sunday breakfast is pancakes, which we eat with butter or sour cream, with jam or honey.


left over from yesterday – оставшееся со вчерашнего дня

has no breakfast at all - совсем не завтракает

a spoonful of jam – ложка варенья

the first to get up – встает первым

the last to get up – встает последним

still asleep – еще спит /спят/

my father likes to have a big breakfast – мой папа любит плотный завтрак

he usually eats something hot он обычно ест что-нибудь горячее

а piece of roast (roust) meat - кусок жареного мяса

he doesn’t like sugar in his coffee – он не любит кофе с сахаром

Task 1 Answer the following questions:

1. How many meals a day do people have?

2. How many meals a day do you usually have?

3. What is your first meal?

4. What do you have for breakfast?

5. Do you feel hungry early in the morning?

6. Do you usually have a light breakfast or a big one?

7. What does your brother (sister, mother, etc.) have for breakfast?

8. Do you drink tea or coffee at breakfast?

9. Do you like strong or weak tea?

10. Do yоu like your tea with a lot of sugar?

11. What is your favourite breakfast?

12. Do you like porridge for breakfast?

13. Do you agree that porridge is very healthy food?

14. Why don’t you eat porridge for breakfast?

15. What does a traditional English breakfast consist of?

Task 2 Using the material of the text above, describe in detail the breakfast time in your family.


Ex 4 Learn the dialogue by heart:

Ann: What do you usually have for breakfast?

Ben: Well, as a rule, I don’t feel hungry early in the morning, so I usually have a light breakfast: just a sandwich with cheese or sausage and a cup of strong tea with lemon. What about you?

Ann: Oh, I am a hearty eater, and I always have a big breakfast. I begin with a plate of porridge, then I eat bacon and eggs, after which I have a cup of tea with a piece of cake or some cookies. I like my tea with a lot of sugar.


as a rule – как правило

I usually have a light breakfast – у меня обычно легкий завтрак

what about you? – как насчет тебя?

I am a hearty eater - я люблю хорошо поесть

I always have a big breakfast – у меня всегда большой завтрак

I don’t feel hungry early in the morning – я не чувствую голода рано



Ex 5 Act the following dialogues in English:

A: Садитесь, пожалуйста, с нами завтракать.

B: Спасибо, я сегодня еще не успел позавтракать.

A: Угощайтесь. Вот блины со сметаной, творог. Приготовить яичницу?

B: О, не беспокойтесь, пожалуйста. Я только выпью чашечку крепкого чаю и возьму бутерброд с сыром. Будьте добры, передайте, пожалуйста, сахар.

A: Вы пьете чай с молоком?

B: Да, пожалуйста, немного молока.

A: Вот ваш чай;

B: Спасибо. Чудесный чай! Можно еще чашечку?

А: Пожалуйста, угощайтесь.

A: Здравствуйте, как поживаете?

B: Спасибо, хорошо.

А: Не хотите ли чашечку кофе? Я только что сварила свежий.

B: Спасибо, с удовольствием. Я люблю крепкий кофе без сахара с лимоном. О, ваш кофе очень вкусный!

A: Позвольте, я угощу вас пирогом с малиной.

B: Спасибо. Чудесный пирог! Вы хорошая кулинарка.

A: Еще кусочек пирога?

B: Нет, спасибо. Боюсь, что это будет слишком много.

A: Что приготовить на завтрак? Сварить гречне­вую или овсяную кашу?

B: А можно сосиски с тушеной капустой? У нас осталась капуста?

A: Да, сейчас разогрею. А ты пока поставь чайник и завари свежий чай. У нас есть лимон и кусочек торта к чаю.

B: О, чудесно!

A: На обед приготовить курицу или рыбу?

B: Лучше рыбу.

A: Ладно.


Ex 6Answer the questions.

How many meals a day do you have?

What do you call them?

What time do you usually have lunch?

Who cooks the meals in your family?

What meal (dish) can you cook?

What is your favourite dish?

Why do you like it?

Do you eat at university?

What British customs in taking meals do you know?

Do you keep to any kind of a diet?

What kind of diet?

Which course of the dinner do you like best, the first or the second?

Ex 7Agree or disagree with the statements.

1. Sandwich is a hot meal which we eat at dinner for the first course.

2. We have lunch in the evening before going to bed.

3. Englishmen usually do not have por­ridge in the morning.

4. Doctors usually recommend people to have heavy supper.

5. If you want to reduce your weight (to become slim) you must eat a lot of bread.

6. Tarts and cakes and fruit are usually served at the beginning of a meal.


Ex 8Read the story, inserting necessary words which are given below the line:

“A sad story”

An English ____ , who was staying at a hotel in ____ came to the hotel restaurant to have ____. He could not speak ____ , but he did not want to show it to people. He sat down at a table. When the waiter came up to his table, the Englishman took the menu-card and pointed to the first line. The waiter nodded and walked away. Very soon he returned and put a plate of mushroom soup on the table. The Englishman was very pleased with himself. He ate the ____ and, when the waiter came up to the table again, pointed to the fifth line on the menu-card. The waiter looked a little surprised, but did not say a _____. He walked away and soon returned, bringing the Englishman a ____ of fish soup. The Englishman did not want to show the waiter tat he did not know French, so he ____ the fish soup. Then he pointed to a line in the middle of the ____ , hoping that he would get some ____ at last. This time the waiter brought him a plate of chicken broth. In despair, the Englishman pointed to the last line on the menu-card. And the ____ brought him a package of tooth-picks.

soup, dinner, a tourist, the waiter, a word, French, ate, a menu-card, second course, a plate, Paris.


a waiter – официант

to be pleased – быть довольным

a package of tooth-picks – упаковка зубочисток

a menu-card – меню

the first, the second course – 1-е, 2-е блюдо

to point to – указывать на

surprised – удивленно

mushroom soup – грибной суп

to nod – кивать

in despair – в отчаянии, отчаявшись

chicken broth – куриный бульон

Task 1Answer the following questions:

1. How did this tourist manage to make his orders?

2. Could you describe waiter’s reaction?

3. What did the Englishman get at the first time? Where was this dish situated in the menu-card?

4. What did the Englishman get at the second time? Where was this dish situated in the menu-card?

5. What did the Englishman get at the third time? Where was this dish situated in the menu-card?

6. Why did the English tourist point to the middle and to the last line of the menu-card?

7. Did the Englishman get second course when he pointed to the last line on the menu-card? And what did he get?

8. Why was this story so called?

9. What conclusions can we make after listening to this story?

Task 2What proverb or saying can give the best characteristic to this story?

Proverbs and sayings

1. Every cook praises his own broth. Каждый повар хвалит свой бульон.

2. After supper mustard. – После ужина горчица.

3. Dry bread at home is better than roast meat abroad. – Сухой хлеб дома лучше, чем жареное мясо за границей.

4. You cannot make an omelet without breaking eggs. – Невозможно сделать омлет, не разбив яиц.

5. Better an egg today than a hen tomorrow. – Лучше яйцо сегодня, чем курица завтра.

6. To lengthen your life, lessen your meals. – Чтобы продлить свою жизнь, уменьши (сократи) свою еду.

7. First catch your hare, then cook him. – Сначала поймай своего зайца, а потом готовь его.

8. Tastes differ. – Вкусы расходятся.

9. A hungry man is an angry man. – Голодный человек – сердитый человек.

10. Too many cooks spoil the broth. – Слишком много поваров портят бульон.

11. The way to a man’s heart is through his stomach. – Путь к сердцу мужчины лежит через его желудок.

12. An apple a day keeps the doctor away. – Одно яблоко в день избавляет от врача.


Ex 9

а) Find equivalents of the proverbs, mentioned above, in Russian and Kazakh languages.

б) Comment on proverbs on the following sample:

Tastes differ.

It concerns food in the first place. A Frenchman will eat a fried frog with pleasure but a Russian would choose something different. Pigs are noteaten in Moslem countries though Euro­peans are fond of pork. A sandwich of raw meat is a delicacy for a German while in other countries it is not served. One may give many other facts to illustrate the above saying. What explanations can you give to these customs?

в) Think up situations or short stories to illustrate these proverbs and sayings.

Ex 10 Act out the following dialogue:

Mother: Now, children, sit down and be quick about it, or you’ll be late for school.

Jane: And what is there for breakfast?

Mother: Sausage, cheese, eggs, bread and butter.

Peter: That’s fine. I like sausage and eggs.

Jane: No eggs for me. Just a sandwich with sausage, please.

Mother: О. К.

Peter: Pass me the salt, Jane.

Jane: Here you are.

Peter: Can I have tea with lemon? I like tea with lemon very much.

Mother: All right. Here you are. Be careful. Don’t spill the tea. It’s very hot, you may scald yourself.

Peter: No fear. Thank you, Mom.

Jane: Can I have cocoa instead of tea, Mom?

Mother: You are welcome.

Peter: I don’t like cocoa. I just hate it!

Jane: You don’t understand anything. Oh, Mom, these cookies are delicious! Can I have another one?

Mother: Of course, help yourself.

Peter: One for me, please.

Mother: Here you are.

Peter: Thank you.

Mother: When will you be home from school?

Peter: Some time about two.

Jane: I’ll be home early today. We have only four lessons.


be quick about it – поторопитесь

What is there for breakfast? – что на завтрак?

pass me the salt – передай мне соль

here you are – на /возьми, пожалуйста/

don’t spill the tea – не разлей чай

you mауscald yourself-ты можешь ошпариться

can I have cocoa instead of tea? – можно мне какао вместо чая?

I just hate it! – я его просто терпеть не могу

these cookies are delicious – это печенье вкусное

can I have another one? – можно мне еще одно?

help yourself – пожалуйста /угощайся/

Task 1 Render the contents of the dialogue in indirect speech.

Ex 11Imagine, please, that you are sitting in a very expensive restaurant in England. It’s specialized in British Cuisine. Look through this menu-card and choose only one dish what you would like to eat, and then present your dish according to the plan below:


“The morning star”

the first course the second course dessert
Welsh Leek Soup – 2.50 Euro Brown Windsor Soup – 1.50 Euro Bangers and Mash – 4.95 Euro Lancashire Hotpot – 3.45 Euro Fish and Chips – 2.89 Euro Shepherds’ pie – 3.56 Euro Pie and Mash – 1.99 Euro Christmas Pudding – 7.89 Euro


Plan “Presentation of a dish”

1. Name of the dish.

2. Description of this dish.

3. Are you content (довольный) with your choice or not? Why?

A) Do you like or dislike how it looks?

B) Do you like or dislike recipe of this dish?

C) Will this dish be tasty or not?

D) Would you eat this dish?

Fish and chips

Fish and chips, a popular take-away food, consist of fried fish with fried potatoes. Fish and chips have great popularity in the United Kingdom, Australia, and New Zealand.

British usage refers to the fried potatoes as chips, that’s why the combination still has the name “fish and chips”.

In the UK and Australia, fish and chips usually sell through independent restaurants, known as fish-and-chips shops. Fish-and-chips shops are quite different in the UK: from little back-street affairs to posh “Fish Restaurants” with seating and waitresses. UK fish-and chips shops sometimes sell other takeaway food products, such as burgers, pizzas, hotdogs.


fried fish – жареная рыба

little back-street affairs – «забегаловки»

fried potatoes – жареная картошка

posh – шикарный, превосходный

popularity – популярность

pizzas – пицца

to refer to – ссылаться к чему-либо, говорить о чем-либо

Welsh Leek Soup

The leek is the national emblem of Wales. This soup is also known as Cawl Cennin in the Welsh language. “Cawl” means broth. Leeks used to only be available from January to March, but nowadays they are available just about all year round.

The main ingredients of this dish are butter, leek, onion, celery, chicken or vegetable broth, yogurt, chives.


leek – лук-порей

main ingredients – основные ингредиенты

soup – суп

onion – лук, луковица

broth – бульон

celery – сельдерей

Cawl Cennin – (kol `senin)

yogurt – йогурт

used to – иметь обыкновение

chives – зубцы чеснока

to be available – быть в наличии, иметься



Pie and Mash


Pie and mash is a traditional London working class food. Pie, mash and eel shops have been in London since the 18th century and are still common in south and east London. The customers in these restaurants are usually a “very mixed bunch” in terms of age and social class.

The main dish sold is pie and mash – a minced beef pie and mashed potato. It is common for the mashed potato to be spread around one side of the plate and for parsley sauce (called “liquor” although it is non-alcoholic) to be added. Most Pie and Mash Shops also offer gravy as an alternative.


pie – пирог

sauce – соус

mash – пюре

liquor – ликер

eel – угорь

although – хотя

common – обычный, заурядный, частый

non-alcoholic – безалкогольный

bunch – группа

to add – добавлять

in terms – в условиях

to offer – предлагать

minced beef pie – фаршированный пирог из говядины

gravy – мясная подливка

to be spread around – быть размазанным по …

alternative – альтернативный

parsley – петрушка



Brown Windsor Soup


This is one of those soups that for years has had a terrible reputation as the dreadful “Brown soup” served up routinely in boarding houses before and after World War II. However, properly made this is a great British soup and well worth trying.

The main ingredients of this dish are butter, onion, leek, carrot, stewing steak, 1 tablespoon flour, beef broth, parsley.


soup – суп

onion – лук, луковица

terrible, dreadful – ужасный

leek – лук-порей

routinely – обычно

carrot – морковь

boarding house – пансион, меблированные комнаты со столом

tablespoon flour – столовая ложка муки

properly – хорошо, должным образом

parsley – петрушка

to be well worth trying – стоит попробовать

however – как бы то ни было

main ingredients – основные ингредиенты

broth – бульон

stewing steak – тушеный кусок мяса


Shepherds’ pie


Shepherds’ pie is a traditional British dish that consists of a bottom layer of minced lamb in gravy covered with mashed potato and (often) a layer of cheese. It is a favourite dish of institutional cooks keen on feeding large groups of people.

The mince is traditionally lamb (hence “shepherd”) although many people prefer to make it with minced beef.

In England a popular short joke regarding shepherds’ pie is a recipe which starts like this: “to make shepherds’ pie, do the following – get two shepherds and mince them.”


Shepherds’ pie – картофельная запеканка с мясом

to feed – кормить

a bottom layer – нижний слой

mince – фарш

to mince – крошить, рубить мясо

hence (hens) – отсюда

lamb – барашек

shepherd - пастух

gravy – мясная подливка

although – хотя

to cover – покрывать

joke – шутка

institutional – казенный

regarding – относительно, о

to be keen on – любить, увлекаться чем-либо

recipe – рецепт



Lancashire Hotpot


Lancashire Hotpot originates from the days of heavy industrialization in Lancashire, Northwest England, consisting of meat, onion and potatoes left in a pot baking on a low heat in the oven all day. It takes minimum effort to prepare this delicious filling dish. It is sometimes served at parties in the North of England, because it is easy to prepare for a large number of people, and relatively inexpensive.

There are regional variations, but the basic recipe consists of several layers made up of meat with vegetables (carrot, turnip, onion or leek) then covered with sliced potato.


Lancashire – Ланкашир

relatively inexpensive – относительно дешевый

Hotpot – тушеное мясо с картофелем

regional variations

to originate – брать начало, происходить

basic – основной

to consist of – состоять из

recipe - рецепт

onion – лук, луковица

layer – слой

pot – котел, горшок

carrot – морковь

to bake on a low heat – запекать на слабом огне

turnip – репа

oven – печь, духовка

leek – лук-порей

effort – усилие. попытка

to cover – покрывать

delicious – восхитительный, очень вкусный

to slice – резать, нарезать

filling dish – фаршированное, начиненное блюдо


Bangers and mash


Bangers and mash is a British colloquial name for sausages (bangers) served alongside mashed potato, very often with gravy being poured over both. The sausages may be one of a variety of flavours such as pork, beef, lamb.

The full meal will usually include a vegetable (e.g. peas, russels sprouts). The gravy may be made of meat broth, or may be an onion gravy.


sausages (bangers) – колбаса, сосиски

pork – свинина

mash – пюре

lamb – баранина

colloquial – разговорный, нелитературный

pea – горох

alongside – бок о бок, рядом

Brussels sprouts – брюссельская капуста

gravy – мясная подливка

broth – бульон

to be poured over – быть залитым

onion – лук, луковица

both – оба

variety of flavours – разнообразие вкусов


Christmas Pudding

Christmas pudding is the dessert traditionally served on Christmas day in Britain and Ireland, as well as in some other countries. It has its origins in England, and is sometimes known as plum pudding, although this can also refer to other kinds of pudding involving a lot of dried fruit.

Many families have their own recipe for Christmas pudding. There are also regional variations.

Christmas pudding is a steamed pudding with dried fruit and nuts, and usually made with suet. It should be black in appearance and moist with brandy or other alcohol.

Nowadays, Christmas pudding can be bought ready made and cooked.


dessert – десерт

recipe – рецепт

other – другие

regional variations

origin – происхождение, корни

steamed – сваренный на пару

plum pudding – пудинг с изюмом

suet – почечное или нутряное сало, жир

although – хотя

appearance – внешность

to refer to – ссылаться, относиться к чему-либо

moist – увлажненный, смоченный

involving – включая

brandy – бренди

dried fruit – сухофрукты

ready made – готовый


Ex 12Learn the following dialogue:

Mary: I am hungry. What about having a bite?

Dick: Good idea. Let’s drop into this small cafe.

Mary: O.K. Oh, it’s very nice here. Let’s sit at that table.

Dick: All right.

Waiter: Hello. What will you order? Here is the menu.

Dick: Thank you. Have a look, Mary, what would you like?

Mary: My supper is usually a very simple meal, so I’d like some roast chicken, salad and coffee.

Waiter: I can offer you sliced cucumbers with sour cream.

Mary: Very well.

Dick: I prefer tomato salad. And I will have roast beef and chips. And coffee, of course.

Waiter: Any wine?

Dick: Oh yes, a bottle of port wine and some mineral water.

Waiter: Yes, sir.


what about having a bite – Как насчет того, чтобы перекусить

let's drop into this small cafe – Давайте заглянем в это маленькое кафе.

what will you order? – Что вы будете заказывать?

I can offer you sliced cucumbers with sour cream – Могу вам предложить

огурцы, нарезанные ломтиками, в сметане.

Task 1 Render the contents of the dialogue in indirect speech.


Ex 13 Fill in prepositions where it is necessary:

1. Help yourself … the salad

2. Can I have another piece …pie?

3. She treated us …very tasty pancakes.

4. What did you have … dinner yesterday?

5. I never eat much bread … breakfast.

6. Yesterday I had lunch … my friend.

7. … my way … home I dropped … a little cafe … Bukhar-Zhyrau Prospect and had a piece … cake and a nice hot cup … coffee.

8. I shall presently put the kettle …

9. Do you like your tea … lemon?

10. I have something very tasty … you.

11. Help … me lay the table … breakfast.

12. I usually have lunch … the University canteen.

13. Have another helping … soup. — Thank you, … pleasure.

14. Some people say that sugar spoils the taste … tea and that tea should be drunk … sugar.

15. … supper she usually has a couple … sandwich­es … sausage or cheese and drinks a cup … tea … lemon.

Ex 14Translate into English:

1. Вы не позавтракаете с нами? – Нет, спасибо, я только что позавтракал. 2. Сварить грибной суп? 3. Помоги мне накрыть на стол. 4. Чем еще помочь? – Больше ничего не надо, спасибо. 5. Что это так вкусно пахнет? 6. Поставь чайник и завари чай. 7. Я хочу угостить вас тортом, который я сделала сама. 8. Могу предложить вам курицу с пюре. 9. Передай мне, пожалуйста, хлеб. 10. Кто сварил суп? 11. Я предпочитаю крепкий чай с лимоном. 12. Ваш пирог изумительно вкусный. 13. Что приготовить на обед? 14. Как насчет того, чтобы пообедать? 15. Что у вас вчера было на обед? 16. Угощайтесь вареньем, пожалуйста. 17. Не хотите ли еще чашечку кофе? – Спасибо, с удовольствием. 18. Вам чай с лимоном? – Да, пожалуйста. 19. Убери со стола и вымой посуду. 20. Сколько вам положить сахару в чай? – Две ложки, пожалуйста. 21. Не разлей чай, а то ошпаришься. 22. Можно мне еще кусок пирога? 23. Хочешь добавки салата? Нет, спасибо, я наелся. 24. Как правило, я ем мало за завтраком. 25. Я завтракаю рано утром, перед тем как идти в университет. 26. У нас остался кофе? 27. Почему она не ест кашу на завтрак? 28. Вчера у нас был очень вкусный обед. На первое нас был грибной суп, а на второе рыба и жареная картошка. 29. Выпей стакан сока. 30. Что у нас сегодня на завтрак? 31. Я голоден. Как насчет того, чтобы перекусить? 32. У нас уже давно не было на обед грибов. 33. Мы как раз собираемся ужинать. 34. Я нелюблю какао. Я просто терпеть его не могу. 35. Ты любишь блины со сметаной? Или ты предпочитаешь с медом? 36. Мой папа любит сосиски с тушеной капустой на обед. 37. Некоторые люди любят, есть кашу на завтрак.


Ex 15Read and translate the following recipes of the dishes. Write recipes of the dishes which you can prepare.

French fries

Children will always eat French fries, even if everything looks strange to them. The triple-cooking ensures that they are crisp.


3 — 4 large old potatoes

Olive oil for frying (about 600 ml)



Wash, peel and slice the potatoes. Cut them into chips about the length and width of an index finger. Heat 3 cm of the oil. When it has a blue haze, put in as many of the French fries as the pan will hold.

Grilled pork chops

This is a good reminder of how delici­ous a simply grilled or barbecued pork chop can be.


4 pork chops

salt and pepper

½ teaspoon rosemary

1 tablespoon oil

4 fresh or canned pineapple rings

4 bananas


Sprinkle chops with salt and pepper and rosemary, slash the skin and the fat of the pork at intervals to stop curling, or trim fat right off if preferred. Brushwith oil.

Preheat a ribbed grill or barbecue plate until very hot, brush with a little oil and place chops on top. Cook for 6 — 8 minu­tes on each side, turning several timesand brushing with oil. Or if you prefer, cook under a preheated grill for the same amount of time.

Brush the pineapple with oil and place with bananas still in their skins on the grill. Cook until golden on both sides.

Remove the chops and serve with the pineapple and bananas, peeled or with just a strip of skin taken from each. Good with soft bread roll and a salad. Serves 4.

Siberian Russian pelmeni

Pelmeni are one of the most popular Russian dishes. They are boiled and served with bouillon as a soup. As a main course they are served with butter, sourcream, vinegar and mustard.

To make the dough pour one egg and ¼ glass of water into the flour and mix well. Roll the dough out thin on a board and cut into small pieces. Put a ball ofminced meat in each piece and oinch the edges together. The minced meat is made from equal amounts of pork and beef. Mince the meat twice together with onions, then add a little water, salt andground pepper and mix well. The pelmeni can be frozen. The frozen pelmeni are j dropped into hot water and boiled until they rise to the surface.

Ingredients: 400 g meat, 2 onions, 1.5 glass of flour, 1 egg.


Ex 16Read and retell jokes.

Young husband: «This meat is not cooked; nor is the pie.»

Young wife: «I did it like the cookery-book but as the recipe was for four people and we are two I took half of everything and cooked it for half the time it said.»

A rather elderly cook was being intro­duced by her new mistress to the kitchen of the modern flat. The mistress pointed with pride to the electric water heater,the radiator, the refrigerator, the auto­matic washing machine, the steam-drying apparatus and so on. At the end of the tour the cook started putting on her outdoor clothes.

«Surely you’re not going?» said the mistress. «I am, madam,» came the reply. «It’s an engineer you want, not a cook.»


“What’s the matter with you, darling? — Lily asked her hus­band. — Monday you liked beans, Tuesday you liked beans, Wednes­day you liked beans, Thursday all of a sudden you don’t like beans”.

Ex 17 Act out the following dialogue:

Peter: Hello, John! Come in.

Mary: Hello, John! We are just going to have dinner. Will you have dinner with us?

John: Thank you. I haven’t yet had dinner.

Peter: Have a glass of juice.

John: Thank you.

Peter: Is dinner ready, Mary?

Mary: Yes, it is. Help me lay the table, please.

Peter: With pleasure.

John: Peter and I had lunch together today. We went to a cafe.

Mary: What did you have for lunch?

John: Roast beef and potatoes.

Mary: Oh!

Peter: What’s the matter, Mary?

Mary: Well, you are going to have roast beef and potatoes again!

John: Oh, it’s all right. I like roast beef and potatoes.

Mary: О. К. And after dinner I’ll treat you to something tasty.

Peter: What isit?

Mary: We shall have a delicious chocolate cake for tea. I have made it myself.

Peter: Oh, great! We haven’t had a chocolate cake for a long time.


we are just going to have dinner – Мы как собираемся обедать

will you have dinner with us? – Вы пообедаете с нами?

with pleasure – с удовольствием

what did you have for lunch? – Что у вас было на завтрак?

it's all right – ничего, все в порядке

I’ll treat you to something tasty – Я угощу вас чем-то вкусным

Task 1 Render the contents of the dialogue in indirect speech.


Ex 18Answer the following questions about your meals:

1. Where do you have lunch: at home or at the university canteen?

2. What do you usually have for lunch?

3. Why is it difficult to gather the whole family for dinner on week days?

4. What does your dinner usually begin with?

5. How many courses does your Sunday dinner usually consist of?

6. What kind of soup do you like best of all?

7. What did you have for the second course yesterday?

8. Why don’t you sleep after dinner?

9. Why must supper be a light meal?

10. Is supper a light meal in your family?

11. When do you have supper?

12. What is your supper usually like?

13. Do you usually have a light supper or do you prefer a big one?

14. What do you do after supper?

15. Why don’t you go out for a walk after supper?

Ex 19Describe a typical Sunday dinner in your family.

Ex 20What do you think about these statements?

1. “One man’s meat is another man’s poison.” (English proverb)

2. “Part of the secret of success in life is to eat what you like, and let the food fight it out inside you.” (Mark Twain)

3. “More die in the United States of too much food than too little.” (J.K. Galbraith)

4. “One should eat to live, not live to eat.” (Moliere)

5. “When we consume a large steak we are eating something that may have used up enough grain to keep a family in the drought-stricken areas of Africa for a week.” (Kenneth Mellanby, “Can Britain Feed Itself?”)

6. “Year by year, while the world’s population has increased, the food supply has increased more. (But) … supplies of nourishing food could be enormously increased if, in the richer countries of the world, people were prepared to eat some of the food they feed to their pigs and cattle … and to their pet dogs and cats.” (Dr Magnus Pyke, “Hunger and Humanity”)

Ex 21Translate into English:

A: Что вы будете заказывать на первое?

B: Я бы хотела сначала какой-нибудь салат.

A: Могу вам предложить мясной или рыбный салат или колбасу с зеленым горошком.

B: Хорошо, сначала колбасу, а потом щи со сме­таной.

A: На второе советую взять бифштекс. Очень вкусный.

B: Согласна. И немного апельсинового сока, пожалуйста.

A: Будете пить вино?

B: Нет, спасибо. Чашечку кофе и пирожное.

A: Что это так вкусно пахнет?

B: Куриный бульон, я его только что сварила. Садись за стол.

A: Спасибо. Передай мне, пожалуйста, зеленый лук, петрушку и укроп.

B: Пожалуйста.

A: А что у нас на второе?

B: Жареная рыба с пюре.

A: Прекрасно! У нас уже давно не было рыбы на обед.

B: Вкусно?

A: Очень! Можно мне добавки?

B: Пожалуйста, угощайся.

Ex 22Here are some common ideas about food. Have you heard similar expressions? Do you agree or disagree with them?

1. Eating carrots is good for the eyes.

2. Fish is good for the brain.

3. Eating cheese at night makes you dream.

4. Garlic stops you getting colds.

5. Drinking coffee stops you sleeping.

6. Yoghurt makes you healthy.

7. An apple a day keeps the doctor away.

8. A hot milky drink helps you go to sleep.

9. A cup of tea revives you.

10. Guinness is good for you.

11. Crusty bread makes your hair curl.

12. Brown eggs taste better than white ones.

Ex 23Read the information and answer the questions:

At different times in different countries there have been different ideas of beauty. The rich would always want to look fat in a society where food was scarce and to look thin in a society where food was plentiful. The current interest in slimming is because of fashion as well as health. However, overeating causes a variety of illnesses.

Do you know what they are?

Are you overweight / average / underweight?

Does it worry you?

Have you ever been on a diet?

What did you eat?

What foods should you eat if you want to lose weight? What should you eat if you want to put on weight?

Ex 24Look at the picture:

Task 1 Answer the following questions. Use the word list to help you answer:

1. What does the man have in his right hand? in his left hand?

2. What is sitting on the stove?

3. What does the man have around his waist for protection from grease?

4. What’s in the lower part of the stove? What is it used for?

Word List

  • an apron
  • a skillet (frying pan)
  • a coffee pot
  • an oven
  • some bacon
  • a stove
  • a spatula
  • pancake
  • turner

Task 2Why is the man cooking eggs? Give your opinion.

Task 3What’s going to happen? What will be the result?

Task 4What can you guess about the man? Give your opinion in answer to the question.

a. Is he married?

b. Is he a lawyer? teacher? doctor? salesman?

c. Is this his vacation time?

d. Is he a good cook?

e. Is he rich? Is he middle-class?

f. Does he like to cook?

g. Does he often cook breakfast?

h. Does he live in a house or apartment?


Lesson 24

The lexical theme: Shopping. Supermarket.


Shopping. Supermarket.

1. foodstuffs- продукты

2. a food shop – продуктовый магазин

3. to go shopping – ходить за покупками

4. to do shopping – делать покупки

5. a supermarket – универсам, супермаркет

6. a department – отдел

7. all kinds of household goods – всевозможные товары для дома

8. a loaf of bread – булка хлеба

9. a pound of meat – фунт мяса

10. a kilogram (kilo) of sugar – килограмм сахара

11. a bottle of milk – бутылка молока

12. a box of chocolates – коробка шоколадных конфет

13. a bar of chocolate – плитка шоколада

14. a package of salt – пакет соли

15. a tin of sardines – банка сардин

16. self-service – самообслуживание

17. counter – прилавок, отдел

18. to choose – выбирать

19. a market – рынок

20. a cash-desk – касса

21. the best kind – лучший сорт

22. How much will it all come to? – Сколько это все будет стоить?

23. to count the change – считать сдачу

24. What can I do for you? - Что Вам угодно?

25. a department store – универмаг

26. a shop assistant – продавец

27. a customer – покупатель

28. to all tastes - на все вкусы


Ex 1Here are the names of different departments of a supermarket and foodstuffs which we can buy there. Learn them by heart:

a baker’s – хлебный отдел /булочная/

bread – хлеб, buns – сдобные булочки, biscuits – печенье /сухое/, cookies – печенье /сдобное/

A butcher’s – мясной отдел

meat – мясо, beef – говядина, pork – свинина, mutton – баранина, veal – телятина, mince – фарш, chicken – курица, duck – утка, goose – гусь, turkey – индейка

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