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You are not supposed to listen
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A man was at the theatre. He was sitting behind two women whose continuous chatter became more than he could bear. Leaning forward, he tapped one of them on the shoulder.
- Pardon me, madam, - he said, - but I can’t hear.
-You’re not supposed to, that is a private conversation, - she hit back.
Ex 6 Read the text:
Tommy went to the theatre for the first time in his life when he was six. But it was an unusual visit. Tommy did not know what theatre was and why people went there. Tommy’s father was an actor. That night he was to play Othello. There was nobody in the house to leave the boy with, because Tommy’s mother was on a business trip in another town. So his father said: “Well, Tommy, I think I shall take you to the theatre with me tonight.”
In the theatre Father brought Tommy into a large room. There were mirrors on the walls of this room and small tables under them. Many people were sitting there and … making their faces dirty! Father also put something on his face and hands, and they became black. Tommy had never seen such a dirty face in his life. Then Tommy heard music. Father told him to stay in the room and wait, and everybody left the room.
Now Tommy was alone in the large room. He had nothing to do. For some time he wandered about the room, looking at himself in the mirrors. Then he felt lonely. He wanted to find his father. He opened the door and went out into the corridor. There was nobody there. Far away he heard his father’s voice. He went along the corridor. At the end of the corridor there was a door. Tommy pushed it and found himself in a very large room. Now he could hear his father better. His voice was coming from behind the wall. The wall was made of fabric, and near the floor there was a little hole in the wall.
Tommy looked through this hole. He saw a very large and beautiful, well-lighted room. There was somebody in the room, but through the little hole Tommy could not see who it was. He pulled the fabric, and the hole became larger. Now he could push his face through it.
The stage manager was sitting in the box and watching the play. He had a very good view of the stage. He was satisfied. Everything went well. An all-star cast was playing. The scenery was first class. The acting was excellent. Othello was magnificent, more magnificent tonight than ever. Desdemona was brilliant beyond all doubts. The play was surely a success with the public. The stalls, the boxes, the dress-circle, the tiers, even the gallery, were full of spectators. It was still in the hall: the public were watching the play with bated breath. Suddenly the stage manager saw that there was a face in the fireplace.
“What has happened? ” thought the stage manager. “I must run and see what has happened there.” But he had a weak heart and now he felt so bad that he could not move; he was just sitting there and looking at the face. The people who were sitting in the hall also saw the face in the fireplace. They began to whisper. At that moment Othello came up to Desdemona and said: “Oh, give me your hand.” Desdemona was to answer: “My hand? I have given you my heart.” But she did not say anything; she was sitting and looking at the fireplace. The prompter, sitting in the prompter’s box, thought that Desdemona had forgotten her words, and whispered: “My hand? I have given you my heart.” Desdemona did not say a word. The prompter whispered louder: “My hand? I have given you my heart.” Desdemona was silent. Othello was alarmed. “My hand, ” he whispered to Desdemona. “Say `my hand`.” Desdemona whispered back: “Behind you. In the fireplace.” Othello looked behind and was in a panic. He went to the fireplace and whispered: “Tommy, go away from here. Do you hear me? ”
Little Tommy smiled happily but did not move. Othello, who did not know what to do, went back to Desdemona. Little Tommy could not see his father now, so he moved a little and came out of the fireplace. He quietly walked to a small bench which stood near Desdemona’s chair, and sat down. The spectators were laughing.
Othello tried to save the situation. Imitating the manner of Shakespearean characters, he said to Tommy: “You go, my son, and leave us here alone.” Desdemona, trying to help Othello, said: “My boy, you go home. Your mother is waiting for you.” Tommy liked it very much! It was like a song. And he sang: “I don’t want to go home. Mother is not at home. She is on a business trip in another town.” The spectators were roaring with laughter.
What could poor Othello do? He came up to the boy, took him by the hand and went to the door. In a minute he came back without the boy. The play went on. Little Tommy was sitting in the large room with mirrors. He was crying. He did not understand why his father was angry with him.
1. to be on a business trip – быть в командировке
2. mirrors – зеркала
3. dirty – грязный
4. felt lonely – почувствовал себя одиноким
5. was made of fabric – была сделана из ткани
6. pulled the fabric – потянул ткань
7. to be satisfied – быть довольным, удовлетворенным
8. with bated breath – затаив дыхание
9. a fireplace – камин
10. a weak heart – слабое сердце
11. to whisper – шептать
12. to be alarmed – быть встревоженным
13. to be in a panic – быть в панике
14. were roaring with laughter – ревели от смеха
15. imitating the manner of Shakespearean characters – подражая манере Шекспировских героев
Task 1 True or false:
1. Tommy went to the theatre for the first time when he was six.
2. Tommy’s father was an artistic director.
3. There was nobody in the house to leave the boy with, because Tommy’s mother was in the hospital.
4. Father put nothing on his face and hands. He was to play Othello.
5. The stage manager was sitting in the box and watching the play.
6. The stage manager had a weak heart, that’s why he felt so bad and could not move when he saw Tommy in fireplace.
7. The people who were sitting in the hall did not see Tommy in the fireplace.
8. Tommy couldn’t see his father, that’s why he walked to a small bench which stood near Desdemona’s chair.
9. Othello came up to the boy, took him by hand and went to the doctor.
Task 2 Describe the moment which is shown in the picture:
Ex 7 Read and retell the dialogue. Determine who possesses phrases of the dialogue: attendant (usher), spectator, cashier:
Have you got any seats for tomorrow?
Matinee or evening performance?
Matinee, please. I want two stalls if you’ve got any.
Yes, you can have two in the middle of row F.
Thank you, I think they’ll do very well. How much are they?
Twelve and six each — that’s twenty-five shillings.
Stalls, sir? Stalls on the right. Gentlemen’s cloakroom this way; ladies cloakroom on the first landing.
Show your tickets to the attendant inside the theatre, she’ll show you to your seats and let you have a program.
May I see your tickets, please? Ros F 12 and 13. This way, please. Would you like a program?
Yes, please. How much?
Sixpence. Thank you. After the second act there’s an interval of fifteen minutes.
Ex 8 Fill in prepositions where it is necessary:
1. Last night Mr. and Mrs. Smith went... the theatre. When they approached... the theatre, they saw some people standing... the entrance, waiting... their friends. Mr. and Mrs. Smith went.... First of all they went...... the box-office and asked... two seats... the dress-circle. But the dress-circle seats were sold..., and they were offered two seats... the tenth row... the stalls. Then they went... the cloak-room and left their coats and hats... the cloak-room attendant. After that they went...... the usher and bought the programme. The usher showed them... their seats. 2. What’s...... the Opera and Ballet House tonight? 3. I am not much... a theatre-goer. 4. My sister is fond... ballet. 5. Did you buy tickets... advance or... the day... the performance? 6. They could not get tickets... the first night... “Hamlet”... Smoktunovsky... the leading part, because the house was sold... long... the day... the performance. 7. This theatre is famous... its excellent company. 8. I was completely carried...... her wonderful acting; it was so true... life. 9. We are going... the theatre tomorrow. Would you like to join... us? 10. The play was a success... the public.
Ex 9 Read the story:
David Garrick was a famous English actor of the 18th century. At the beginning of his stage career he worked in a company of actors which toured the south of England.
One summer day the company arrived at a little town. They staged a tragedy based on an episode of the Punic Wars. The evening was warm and they played in an open-air theatre.
At the beginning of the second act there was a scene of a battle-field. There were several bodies of dead soldiers lying on the stage. David Garrick played the part of one of these dead bodies. He was lying on the stage and trying hard to look like a real dead body. An actor playing the part of a Roman general came forward and, standing over Garrick, began to recite a monologue.
Suddenly Garrick heard a mosquito buzzing near his ear. Then there were two mosquitoes. The next moment several mosquitoes were stinging him in the face and in the leg. Garrick wanted to scratch himself, but he was playing the part of a dead man, so he could not move. He suffered greatly.
Meanwhile the general went on with his monologue. “Look at this young man, ” he was saying, “Only a few hours ago he was full of life... and there he lies now – a dead body! Only a miracle can bring him back to life! ”
And just at that moment Garrick, who could not stand the mosquitoes any longer, began scratching himself violently!
The audience burst out laughing. Of course, the actor playing the part of the general could not continue his monologue. He was thinking hard how to save the situation. At last he had an idea. “The gods have heard me! ” he cried out. “The miracle has happened! ”
miracle – чудо
stage career – сценическая карьера
the Punic Wars – Пунические войны
an open-air theatre – театр на открытом воздухе
a battle field – поле боя
a Roman general – римский генерал
to recite a monologue – произносить монолог
a mosquito – комар
buzzing near his ear – жужжащий над его ухом
were stinging him – жалили его
to scratch himself – почесаться
could not stand the mosquitoes any longer – больше не мог выносить
violently – сильно
burst out laughing – рассмеялись
to save the situation – спасти положение
Task 1 Choose the most suitable title to this story:
1. A Miracle
2. David Garrick
3. “The Punic Wars”
Task 2 Retell the story.
Task 3 Prepare report about David Garrick
Ex 10 Learn the following dialogue:
A: Well, and now that the performance is over, what’s your impression of it?
B: Everything is just wonderful! The play itself, the staging, the stage effects, the acting were too marvelous for words.
A: You are right, especially the acting – that was simply beyond description.
B: You know, at times I completely forgot myself. And what an appreciative audience! Did you ever hear such bursts of applause from spectators every time the curtain went down?
A: I’ve never seen an audience applaud so much before. I think there were more than, five curtain calls. I clapped so much that my palms hurt even now.
Ex 11 Answer the questions of the test about theatres in England, using the following information:
“Theatres and Entertainment in England”
But what are London theatres now? The Covent Garden Theatre is famous for opera and ballet performances. The best English singers, ballerinas and ballet dancers are playing there. The National Theatre shows drama. The Aldwych Theatre is famous for its dramatic performances.
In provincial towns the system is different. They have a repertory theatre which changes its play about every three weeks, whether it is successful or not. The National and the Royal Shakespeare Theatre (which is situated in Stratford-on-Avon, the place where William Shakespeare was born), also present three or four plays in rotation for several weeks.
There is a system of “Club” theatres where you can see both well-known and financially risky experimental plays. A performance is produced both by professionals and amateurs for one or two weeks and any profit from this goes to pay for the next production. Money problems are not important since the actors are paid little or nothing.
1. The Covent Garden Theatre is famous for:
a) drama; b) opera and ballet performances; c) musicals.
2. The National Theatre shows:
a) drama; b) concerts of pop music; c) musicals.
3. The Aldwych Theatre is famous for:
a) drama; b) folk songs; c) dramatic performances.
4. Provincial towns have a repertory theatre which:
a) doesn’t change its play;
b) changes its play about every three weeks;
c) changes its play twice a year.
5. “Club” theatres perform:
a) only well-known plays;
b) financially risky experimental plays;
c) both well-known and financially risky experimental plays
6. A performance is produced:
a) by professionals and amateurs;
b) by amateurs;
c) by famous actors.
7. Money problems are not important since:
a) the actors play well;
b) a performance is produced by amateurs;
c) the actors are paid little or nothing.
Ex 12 Learn the following dialogue:
A: Let’s go and buy some lemonade or juice, I like drinking something during an intermission.
B: That’s a good idea. I feel thirsty, too.
A: Well, Ann, and how do you like the play?
B: The acting is perfect, to my mind. Why, it doesn’t seem like acting! Each actor performs his part so realistically, so true to life.
A: No wonder. The company of this theatre is really outstanding. Besides, tonight an all-star cast is playing.
B: Yes, indeed. I was completely carried away by their acting.
A: And the scenery is superb.
B: Yes, especially in the first scene of the second act.
A: Here is the refreshment room. Let’s drink some grape juice.
B: O. K.
A: Isn’t that the third bell? The lights are going down, and I think I hear the orchestra tuning up.
B: Let’s hurry. That’s our staircase, to the right. I am not sure which aisle is ours. Here’s an usher, she will show us to our seats.
I feel thirsty. – Я хочу пить.
the acting is perfect – игра превосходная
to my mind – по-моему
performs his part – играет свою роль
realistically – реалистично
true to life – правдиво
outstanding – выдающийся
an all-star cast is playing – играют все звезды
I was completely carried away – я была совершенно увлечена
the scenery is superb – декорации превосходны
the third bell – третий звонок
the lights are going down – свет гасят
I hear the orchestra tuning up – Я слышу, что оркестр настраивает инструменты
a staircase – лестница
Ex 13 Dramatize the following situations:
1. You and your friend are returning from the theatre and discussing the play you have seen.
2. You have just returned home from the theatre. The members of your family want to hear your impressions.
3. You and your friend are planning to go to the theatre together. Discuss what theatre you want to go to and what performance to see.
4. You are an actor. You have just returned home from the first night of a play in which you have played a part. Share your impressions with the members of your family.
5. You are a senior former dreaming of an actor’s career. Imagine your conversation with a friend of the family who is a stage manager of a theatre.
The lexical theme: Cinema.
1. film, movie, picture – кино, фильм, кинокартина
2. screen – экран
3. scene – сцена (в фильме)
4. an episode – эпизод
5. subtitles – субтитры
6. to produce / to make a film – снимать фильм
7. to make a screen version of a novel – экранизировать новеллу
8. to come out (about film) – выходить (о фильме)
9. directed by... – под руководством...
10. scenery and costumes by... – декорации и костюмы...
11. producer – продюсер
12. film director – режиссер
13. art director – художественный руководитель
14. camera-man – оператор
15. script-writer – сценарист
16. costume designer – художник по костюмам
17. the cast – состав актеров
18. leading actor – ведущий актер
19. star – звезда
20. to play the main (leading, key) or small (supporting, minor) role – играть главную (ведущую, ключевую) или маленькую (незначитель-ную, эпизодическую) роль
21. a stunt man – каскадер
22. soundtrack – музыка к фильму
Types of films
1. a documentary film – документальный фильм
2. a educational film – обучающий фильм
3. a popular scientific film – научно-популярный фильм
4. a feature film – художественный фильм
5. animated cartoon – мультипликационный фильм
6. an adventure film – приключенческий фильм
7. a musical film – музыкальный фильм
8. thriller – триллер
9. a comedy – комедия
10. a horror film – фильм ужасов
11. a serial – сериал
12. a soap-opera – сериал, мыльная опера
13. an action – боевик
14. a romance – мелодрама
15. a mystery – фантастика
Ex 1 Match words from list A with words from list B that have a similar meaning:
Ex 2 What is the difference between the words in exercise 1? Complete these pairs of sentences using the correct form of one of the words in each space:
1. a) Cinema ____ loved the movie.
b) Millions of ____ switched on their TV sets to watch the election results.
2. a) The lawyer asked the witness what she could ____ about the accident.
b) I’m always forgetting things. I just can’t ____ anything.
3. a) We must stop polluting the ____.
b) She grew up in very comfortable ____.
4. a) He’s a very ____ president; I’m sure people will vote for him again.
b) When her photo appeared on the front page of all the newspapers, she became ____ overnight.
5. a) The BBC ____ all over the world.
b) The film was first ____ at the Cannes Film Festival.
6. a) They live in an old, ____ cottage in the country.
b) The ship hit some ____ and sank.
Ex 3 Read the text.
Television gained acceptance as a communications medium following World War II. Critics claim that the golden age of television occurred in the 1950's. Various fads have swept the television scene — westerns, doctor and lawyer shows, cops-and-robbers series, rural comedies. Sports coverage of baseball, golf and especially professional football is currently in vogue. Late evening talk-shows are currently popular. Recently controversies involving television have concerned children’s programming, the issue of violence, and the right of TV to broadcast controversial news programs. Psychologists have argued that the presentation of violence on television might lead young people to regard violence as acceptable behaviour. TV is a major factor in American life.
The British spend a great deal of time watching television. Some people watch one program, and then they are tempted to watch the next one as well, when perhaps they ought to be doing something else. The more intelligent people, however, choose their programs very carefully. They find out what they really want to watch by studying the printed programs, and do not allow themselves to waste too much time watching merely light entertainment.
Task 1 Agree or disagree with the statements.
1. Television gained acceptance as a communications medium following World War II.
2. Critics claim that the golden age of television occurred in the 1970's.
3. Late evening talk-shows, westerns, doctor and lawyer shows, cops-and-robbers series, rural comedies have become very popular.
4. Sports coverage of baseball, golf and especially professional football is not broadcast.
5. The issue of violence, and the right of TV to broadcast controversial news programs are very serious problems.
6. TV doesn't play great role in American life.
7. The British spend a great deal of time watching television.
Task 2 Speak about Kazakh networks:
1. What is your favourite channel?
2. Are there any commercial networks in the republic of Kazakhstan?
3. Do you know any noncommercial channels in the republic of Kazakhstan?
4. What commercials do you like better Kazakh or foreign?
5. Do you have any cable channels?
Ex 4 Do the exercise:
Choose the phrase that is closest in meaning to the original sentence. Note that several of the choices may be factually correct, but you should choose the one that is the closest restatement of the given sentence.
Parents have become increasingly concerned about the television viewing habits of their children — so much so that families are beginning to censor the programs that enter their homes.
(1) Families watch television together more often now than in the past so that they can decide whether shows are desirable or not.
(2) Families with televisions are not as close as families without televisions because the former bicker more over program choices.
(3) Although parents worry about the programs that their children watch they find it difficult because censorship is not what it used to be.
(4) Because of their concern over the television programs that are aired many parents are deciding which programs they will allow their children to watch.
Ex 5 Read and learn the dialogue by heart:
George: Hullo, Ken.
Ken: Hullo, George.
George: Have you just been to the cinema?
Ken: Yes, I have.
George: What's on?
Ken: «Paris in the Spring».
George: Oh, I've already seen it. I saw it on a B.B.C. television programme last year. It's an old film, but it's very good.
Ken: Paris is a beautiful city.
George: I have never been there. Have you ever been there, Ken?
Ken: Yes, I have. I was there in April.
George: Paris in the spring, eh?
Ken: It was spring, but the weather was awful. It rained all the time.
George: Just like dear old London!
Ex 6 Use the topical vocabulary in answering the questions:
1. What does a usual cinema showing consist of? 2. How often do you go to the pictures and where do you prefer to sit? 3. What types of films do you know? 4. What films appeal to you most? 5. Do you care for long films? 6. What is a film star? What does the success of a film depend on? 8. Which is more important— the story, the acting, the directing or the camera-work? 9. What do we mean when we say that a film has a message to convey? 10. Why does a director trying to interpret a great work of literature on the
Ex 7 Read this text quickly. It is about one of the most famous actors of this century. Can you guess who it is?
A Comic Genus
His early life was a time of great hardship. He was born in a very poor part of London, but his family were at first well off enough to afford a maid. However, while he was still a child, his family gradually lost everything. His father was a comedian and his mother worked as a dancer and singer. Neither of them was very successful and the family had very little money. They were so poor that, at one time, he and his brothers had only one pair of shoes between them and they had to take turns wearing them. His father eventually deserted the family and later died of alcoholism. The strain caused by this desertion affected his mother deeply. Her career fell apart and in the end she became insane. When his mother had to go into an asylum, he was sent to an orphanage.
The first time he himself earned any money was by dancing and singing when he was only five years old. As a young boy he had many different jobs, but what he loved most of all was working in the theatre. As he said in his autobiography, he felt quite ‘at home’ on the stage, in more ways than one the stage became an escape from the pain of his family life. When he was about 15, he joined a travelling theatre company and went on trips to America. On one such tour he was offered a part in a film, so he went to Hollywood, where eventually he became both an actor and a film director.
In his films we see the influence of his early life: a strong feeling of pity for the poor, a romantic view of women (he worshipped his mother) and love of applause. His comedies were immediately successful. As well as making policemen look foolish, he also often used the situation where people find themselves in a ridiculous position, but refuse to admit they have a problem. The best example of this is the drunken man who though obviously drunk in the way he walks and talks, tries to pretend he has not touched a drop. One of his most famous roles is the little tramp who tries but fails to be a gentleman, and so makes us laugh. His films are not always comic; they are often sad and some, like The Great Dictator, contain a strong political message.
As a director he was known to be a perfectionist and sometimes made actors repeat a scene many times until he was finally satisfied with it. Many of the people he worked with found him mean and tyrannical, but it was probably his early experiences of poverty that made him so anxious to be successful. He is undoubtedly the most popular comedian of all time. He died in Switzerland in 1977 at the age of 88. There is now a statue of him in London, the city of his birth.
His name is ____________________________________________.
hardship – лишение, невзгоды
to afford – позволить себе
to take turns – делать по-очереди, меняться
eventually – в конечном счете, в конце концов
to desert – покидать, оставлять (семью)
to affect – действовать
insane – сумасшедший
asylum – приют, убежище
orphanage – сиротский приют
escape – избавление, спасение
pain – боль, страдание
a travelling theatre company – путешествующая театральная труппа
pity – сострадание
a romantic view – романтическое представление
to worship – боготворить, обожествлять
applause – аплодисменты, одобрение
ridiculous – нелепый, смехотворный
to admit – допускать, признавать
obviously – очевидный, ясный
to pretend – притворяться, делать вид
tramp – бродяга
perfectionist – педант
to be satisfied – быть довольным
poverty – нищета
undoubtedly – несомненно, бесспорно
Task 1 Test yourself. Choose the correct answer:
1. Although the family were poor:
a) they got on well with each other;
b) they quickly became famous;
c) things had once been better;
d) they were able to make ends meet.
2. His mother’s career ended when …
a) she began to drink too much;
b) she went mad;
c) her husband left her;
d) she became too old.
3. What he liked most about the theatre was …
a) that it helped him to forget his problem;
b) the money he earned;
c) the applause of the audience;
d) that his family worked there.
4. In what way did his early life affect his work in cinema?
a) He wanted to make people laugh.
b) He made a film about his mother.
c) He showed the life of the poor.
d) He wanted his films to make money.
5. The drunken man is funny because …
a) he behaves seriously;
b) he talks in a drunken manner;
c) he behaves as if he is sober;
d) he keeps falling down.
6. His films can be described as …
a) just entertainment;
b) political and romantic;
c) serious and comic;
d) love stories.
7. What was he like as a director?
a) He was difficult to please.
b) He was keen to please everyone.
c) He was anxious to finish.
d) He was never satisfied with his work.
Task 2 Answer these questions about the text:
1. What might have caused his father’s alcoholism?
2. How did the film director’s feelings about his mother show in his work?
3. Compare his early life with his life when he became famous and successful. How do you think his lifestyle changed?
Task 3 Work with a partner. Talk about the things that make you smile or laugh. Do you find any of the following funny?
- people falling over
- people making themselves look stupid
- the way people walk
- the way people walk dress
- funny faces
Ex 8 Insert necessary words which initial letters are given.
1. Cinema, radio, television and the press are often called the m ____ m ____.
2. The critics all gave the film extremely good r ____.
3. The film is based on a best-selling n ____.
4. I was biting my nails all through the film because it was such an exciting th____.
5. The story wasn't very good — in other words the film had a weak p ____.
6. The person who tells the actors in a film what to do is called the d ____.
7. If you sit right at the front in the cinema, you’ll be too close to the s ____.
8. In a theatre the most expensive seats are the ones closest to the s____.
9. He was marvelous in his role and gave an excellent p____.
10. Between the acts in a play there's usually an i____.
11. At the end of the play, there was thunderous a____.
12. The magician asked for two volunteers from the a____.
13. A play or TV program which makes you laugh is called а с____.
14. If you don't like what's on BBC 1, why don't you switch to another ch ____?
15. We're a long way from the TV transmitter, so we don't get very good r ____.
16. Collecting stamps and sticking them in an album used to be my favourite h ____.
17. He hardly ever buys books in a bookshop; instead he borrows them from the 1____.
18. The person who directs a symphony orchestra is called the с ____.
19. I enjoy listening to rock music as well as to с____ music.
20. I don't enjoy serious plays at the theatre, I prefer to see a good m ____.
21. More and more people are buying or renting films to watch at home on v ____.
22. His books are very readable and I like his style — I think he's a good w ____.
23. I couldn't stand the hero or the heroine but I really liked the v____.
24. I've got so much work to do that I don't have any time at all for r____.
25. When I'm at home. I spend hours on end listening to music on my r____.
Ex 9 Give your own views on the problems below and speak against your opponent:
“The role of cinema in our life”
1. Different genres of films, their impact on the spectators.
2. Development of people's cultural level, taste.
3. Films for entertainment and education.
4. Cinema in the classroom (Geography, History, Literature, Foreign Language).
5. Films to instruct: a) in an industry to teach people how to acquire skills, to learn their profession; b) in medicine to show the action of heart and pulse and other organs, to watch delicate operations being performed by noted surgeons, etc.; c) in science to see the world of small things, etc.; d) in sport to give objective judgment during the competition, etc.
“Is the ability to perform an inborn gift or
is it an acquired skill? ”
1. The artistic potential of a person, his timing,
2. Skilful directors, modern techniques, the possibilities of the camera to accentuate.
3. The value of experience, necessity to acquire technique.
“Should the actor " live " the part or should he just perform? ”
1. Necessity to look at the character from a distance, to sympathize and criticize, to understand him.
2. Practice in reproduction of the character before the audience.
3. Effect achieved: the less actors feel, the firmer their hold upon their facial and bodily expression.
4. A possibility of reaching such a state of mechanical perfection that one's body is absolutely the slave of one's mind.
5. Necessity for actors to work with their own tools. (Each actor should choose the method he feels is best for him.)
Ex 10 Read and translate the text.
Oprah for the masses
Up-to-date estimates suggest that by the year 2000 Oprah Winfrey will be worth billion. She is the most successful entertainer in the world outside movies and pop music. Ten years after she first took the television world by storm, she has been called «the most famous exponent of audience participation talk shows» and «the most powerful woman in entertainment».
Oprah is the first woman in television to own and produce her own talk show - and only Mary Pickford and Lucille Ball owned their own studio.
With much disappointment all round, she postponed the writing of her much-awaited, ghost-written autobiography partly because of the terrible memories the process aroused in her. But now, in an unofficial biography, one version of the story has been told.
Through strength of personality she has made a huge success of herself but not without criticism. Oprah: The Real Story by George Mair lifts the lid on Oprah and her lifestyle. Now at her happiest after years of struggling with inner demons, Oprah is looking thinner and healthier than ever.
«I used to rule my life based on what other people wanted me to do, » she once admitted. «It's hard to believe. I have this powerful position, but this fear kept mefrom being the person I was born to be.
«I was a doormat for many years, » she once said offhandedly. But no longer — she has come far since the days she was brought up by granny on a pig farm in the backwoods of Mississippi.
«When I was 14, I had a baby as a result of having been molested, then I became promiscuous and was involved in more molestation. I carried the baby in great shame and horror. My baby died and I thought that was my second chance in life...» she confessed after her sister told the story to the press.
Since her success, she has ploughed much of her money into setting up scholarship programs aimed at disadvantaged kids and has been active in lobbying for changes in the law regarding child abuse. A foundation she established also helps ghetto families.
By the age of 32 she had made her first million. Now Oprah is richer and more powerful than she ever dreamed.
The price of her success, however, has been vast. She's been criticized for everything — for being fat, for being badly dressed, for exploiting her chat show guests and even for being racist.
Oprah conducts her seemingly spontaneous confrontational talk show like a cross between a girls' night out, a religious meeting and a psychotherapy session. Rowdy audiences are whipped into frenzy and relish taking sides. Her output, however, has been seen as over-sensational, trivializing serious issues and profiting on the misery of others. On-screen captions tell you all you need to know about past shows. «Raquelle: killed best friend when driving drunk», «Richard: survived near death experience», «Danny: married girlfriend's mother».
Oprah shows enormous empathy with the underdog and especially female audience members but has a tendency to lapse into self-help jargon: «Did you feel responsible because you're an enabler? » she once asked the wife of a habitual drunk driver.
Author George Mair questions whether Oprah is a healthy influence and decries her schlock tactics. He cites behavioural health experts who suggest that Oprahand other similar shows do unintentional harm by making relatively rare and unimportant issues seem common whilst mixing laughably exotic topics interviews with serious issues like sexual abuse. There has also been criticism that guest therapists (invariably with a book to peddle) often give all-consuming advice and install diagnoses that are trite or just plain wrong.
Oprah's exclusive 1993 interview with Michael Jackson received one of the biggest audiences in television history. BBC2 recorded its highest ever ratings (around 11m) but the critics savaged her for being too soft on Wacko Jacko.
Oprah, who was once billed «the diva of deep dish», recently told Entertainment Weekly of a major change in direction.
«I want to stand for something of value. I have been guilty of doing trash television and not even thinking it was trash. I don't want to do it any more.»
Her influence on US television is very real; critics say that regular news shows are going down the sleaze television road pioneered by shows such as Oprah's. According to Mair, however the reason for this change is «an ice cold reality check when Oprah's ratings dropped to the lowest point they had been in three years.»
Recently she has to battle ratings with younger, livelier hosts. She was also stung by friends and critics who disliked the sleazy aspect of many of her shows, andhas recently concentrated on more caring and uplifting content.
There's talk, too, that in the future, Oprah will devote more time to producing, directing and starring in movies based on the novels of celebrated black writers such as Toni Morrison. «I want to stand for something of value, » says the deep dish diva.
Task 1 Choose the sentences from the text which apply to
a) Ophra's career;
b) Ophra's life and personality;
c) the topics of Ophra's talk shows;
d) Ophra's awards and achievements;
e) critics' opinions of Ophra's talk shows;
Task 2 Agree or disagree with the following statements:
a) the article deals with Ophra Winfrey's great success in show-biz;
b) Ophra's the first woman in television to own and produce her own talk show. No woman has ever owned her own studio;
c) Ophra has published her autobiography;
d) all critics praise Ophra's talk shows;
e) Ophra's childhood was very happy;
f) Ophra is not content with her present work wants to change something in her programs.
Ex 11 Read the critical essay about the film. Answer the questions. Do the task.
Based on Michael Crichton’s best-selling novel, the film is set in a nearly completed theme park on a tropical island off the coast of South America. The mainattraction is no ordinary amusement park fide, but rather, genetically created dinosaurs. Long before the movie opened, audiences knew it was about dinosaurs. But we don’t get to see one until well into the story. Sam Neil plays a paleontologist, Jeff Goldblum a mathematician, and Laura Dern, a scientist whose skepticism about the existence of dinosaurs is put to rest when, in one of the movies most astonishing scenes, the three of them see a brontosaurus close up. While the special effects are amazing, the scale of the beasts is somehow altered, with visual perspectives askew. But it’s easy to see why this Spielberg movie was such a box-office success. The small screen hardly diminishes the visual and technological effects of this blockbuster, which only needed a compelling screen-play to be regarded as superior.
Task 1 Answer the following questions:
1. Did the reviewer enjoy the film?
2. What didn’t the reviewer like about the film?
3. What faults did the reviewer find in the film?
4. What is according to the reviewer the reason of the box-office success of the film?
Task 2 Give a review of a film you have recently seen and liked (disliked). Use the topical vocabulary. Remember: A review should guide and inform. A mere telling of the story is not a review.
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