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XI. Перепишите данные ниже предложения, определите в них видо- временную форму глаголов. Предложения переведите(см. образец выполнения 3).



1.Henry Cavendish is the famous English chemist and physicist.

2.Mendeleyev formulated his Periodic Law of Elements.

3.Tomorrow morning the geologists will begin their work.

4.We are waiting for him in the laboratory.

5.Yesterday the students were making experiments in the laboratory from 12 to 14 o’clock.

6.They will be studying English for two more years.

XII.Задайте общий, альтернативный, разделительный и специальные вопросы к данному предложению (см. образец выполнения 4):

Every engineer knows properties of this metal.

XIII.Образуйте слова с помощью данных суффиксов. Переведите исходные и производные слова.

а)существительные:

· or: to construct, to translat(e), to generat(e)

· ment: to measure

· ssion: to transmi(t), to permi(t)

б) прилагательные:

· al: physic(s), nature(e)

· ant: import, resist

· ful: use, power.

ВАРИАНТ4

 

I. Прочтите и устно переведите на русский язык весь текст. Перепишите и письменно переведите третий и четвёртый абзацы текста.

IGOR KURCHATOV (1903-1960)

1. Igor Kurchatov, a brilliant atomic physicist of our age was an outstanding organizer of research work. He united the forces of great scientific institutions for rapid solving essential scientific problems. He did much for establishing in the Soviet Union a powerful technical base, significant for the improved development of the atomic nucleus investigations.

2. I. V. Kurchatov was born in 1903, and in 1923 he graduated from Crimean University, physics and mathematics department. At Baku Polytechnic Institute he studied the electrical conduction of insulators. In 1925 he went to Leningrad and joined the Physico- Technical Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR.

3. Initially he was interested in investigating electrical properties of crystals. This led Kurchatov to establish a new scientific field in the USSR, the study of electrical relations in materials possessing the quality of spontaneous polarization.

4. Nuclear physics drew Kurchatov’s attention in 1933. He did much for the development of this branch of physics in our country. For many years he headed the Atomic Energy Institute of the Academy of Sciences. He studied the nuclear fission, caused by neutron bombardment, nuclear chain reactions.

5. He was especially interested in the problems connected with the control of thermonuclear reactions and in their utilization for practical purposes. Under his supervision the Soviet Union’s first cyclotrons and atomic power stations were built. The atomic ice- breaker LENIN is also among his creations.

 

II.Выберите правильный ответ в соответствии с содержанием текста:

1.What was Kurchatov?

a) a mathematician;

b) a chemist;

c) a physicist.

2.Where did he get his higher education?

a) at Crimean University;

b) at Moscow University;

c) at Baku Polytechnical Institute.

3.What field of science did he do his research in?

a) in the field of nuclear physics;

b) in the field of mathematics;

c) in the field of radio waves.

III Найдите соответствующие русские словосочетания.

research work to solve scientific problems electrical properties nuclear physics branch nuclear fission nuclear chain reaction to be interested in utilization practical purposes применение практические цели цепная ядерная реакция ядерный распад интересоваться чем-либо ядерная физика решать научные проблемы электрические свойства исследовательская работа отрасль

IV. Перепишите данные ниже предложения. Определите по грамматическим признакам, какой частью речи является слово с окончанием «-s» и служит ли оно: а) показателем 3-го лица единственного числа глагола в Present Indefinite;б) признаком множественного числа имени существительного; в) показателем притяжательного падежа имени существительного. (см. образец выполнения 1). Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1.Nuclear physics drew Kurchatov’s attention in 1933.

2.He studies the nuclear fission.

3.Kurchatov united the forces of great scientific institutions for solving essential scientific problems.

V. Перепишите следующие предложения и переведите их , учитывая особенности перевода на русский язык определений, выраженных именами существительными.( см. образец выполнения 2).

1.Kurchatov did much for the development of this physical branch in our country.

2.For many years he headed the Atomic Energy Institute of the Academy of Sciences.

3.He studied the nuclear chain reactions.

VI.Перепишите следующие предложения, содержащие прилагательные в различных степенях сравнения и переведите их на русский язык.

1.The more you read, the more you learn.

2.Technical progress requires higher standards of production.

3.Lazers find the most interesting application in science.

VII.Выберите нужную форму глагола to be и переведите предложения на русский язык.

1.Kurchatov ( is, was, will be) a brilliant atomic physicist of our age.

2.He (is, was, will be) an outstanding organizer of research work.

3.Max Planck ( is, was, will be) interested in music.

VIII.Поставьте глаголы, данные в скобках, в Past Indefinite Tense.

1.In 1923 Kurchatov ( to graduate) from the Crimean University.

2.You ( to carry out) your experiment in this laboratory.

3.We ( to make) experiment with electricity.

IX.Выберите нужную форму глагола to have и переведите предложения на русский язык.

1.Planck ( to have, has, had) chief interest in thermodynamics.

2.Kurchatov ( to have, has, had) especial interest in the problems connected with the control of a thermonuclear reaction.

3.Our laboratory ( to have, has, had) the new electronic microscope.

X.Заполните пропуски прилагательными в соответствующей степени сравнения.

1.Rutherford’s experiments led him to develop a magnetic detector which at that time was ( good, better, the best) detector of electromagnetic waves.

2.A laser beam is a thousand million times ( bright, brighter, the brightest) than sunlight.

3.His experiments were ( important, more important, the most important) for research than for solving theoretical problems.

XI.Перепишите данные ниже предложения, определите в них видо- временную форму глаголов. Предложения переведите(см. образец выполнения 3).

1.Igor Kurchatov is a brilliant atomic physicist.

2.Kurchatov studied the electrical relations in materials.

3.Tomorrow the students will investigate electrical properties of crystals.

4.We are studying the main laws of physics.

5.Kurchatov was interesting in the problems of thermonuclear reactions for many years.

6.At this time tomorrow I shall be sitting at the lecture of geometry.

XII.Задайте общий, альтернативный, разделительный и специальные вопросы к данному предложению (см. образец выполнения 4):



Max Planck studied physics and mathematics at Munich and Berlin universities.

XIII.Образуйте слова с помощью данных суффиксов. Переведите исходные и производные слова.

а)существительные:

· ion: to construct, to express

· ance: import(ant), assist(ant), dist(ant)

· sion: to devid(e), to decid(e),to conver(t)

б) прилагательные:

· ent: differ, insist

· ive: effect, act

· al: experiment, mathematic(s).

 

ВАРИАНТ 5

I. Прочтите и устно переведите на русский язык весь текст. Перепишите и письменно переведите третий и четвёртый абзацы текста.

N.I.LOBACHEVSKY (1792-1865)

it was widely assumed by scholars daring was not intended to represent self- consistent a one- man phenomenon большинство учёных считало отважный не должна была представлять собой самостоятельный человек редкой одарённости

 

1. The life and scientific career of the great Russian mathematician N. I. Lobachevsky was closely connected with Kasan the town to which his family moved when he was a child.

2. In 1807 Lobachevsky entered the newly established University of Kasan where he showed remarkable mathematician talent. At the University N.I. Lobachevsky spent nearly forty years of his life as a student, professor and rector.

3. He wrote many papers on mathematics, but his fame was as mathematician “heretic”, the creator of the first non- Euclidean geometry. For twenty centuries Euclid and his system of geometry had remained supreme. It was widely assumed by scholars that mathematics, and geometry in particular, consisted of fundamental truths that existed independently of man. Two and two had to equal four and the sum of the three angles of a triangle had to be equal to 180 degrees.

4.Lobachevsky took a darling step and created a new geometry, which was not intended to represent anything “real”, it was simply a self- consistent mathematical system. It is to be found on the surface of a curve called a pseudosphere. Lobachevsky’s geometry had revolutionized mathematics and the philosophy of science.

5.Lobachevsky was a one- man phenomenon. Moreover Lobachevsky was a very good talented organizer. He organized the library and laboratories. He even studied architecture so as to supervise the building programme of the University. Besides that he led an effective fight against cholera in 1830 and against a great fire in 1842, saving the University each time.

II.Выберите правильный ответ в соответствии с содержанием текста:

1.What was N.I.Lobachevsky?

a) a physicist b) a mathematician c) a biologist.

2.What did Lobachevsky create?

a) non-Euclidean geometry;

Periodic Law of Elements;

Electron theory of atom.

3.Where did Lobachevcky live?

a) Moscow b) St.Petersburg c) Kasan.





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