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Causative Verbs and Have/Got something done

Exercise 202

1. He got/had the fridge fixed. 2.1 got/had the floor washed. 3. She got/had the article typed. 4. He got/had the letter translated. 5. They got/had the house repaired. 6.1 got/had the car washed. 7. She got/had the dress made. 8. He got/had supper cooked. 9. He got/had the shirt ironed. 10. They got/had the fence built.

Exercise 203

l)to fe'el; 2) entertain; 3) to pay; 4) cleaned; 5) to rise; 6) carry; 7) carried; 8) to have, shaven; 9) leave; 10) changed; 11) work; 12) to buy; 13) washed; 14) to go; 15) to refuse

Exercise 204

l)feel; 2) to sign; 3)to give up; 4) to sell; 5) do; 6) installed; 7) shortened; 8) leave; 9) to hand 10. decide;

11) contribute; 12) to learn; 13) developed; 14) open; 15) to decrease; 16) attend; 17) to go; 18) to make; 19) forget; 20) watch; 21) to shave; 22) have

Exercise 205

Correct sentences: 2, 5, 19, 21, 24, 25

1. My mother won't let anybody think ill of him. 3. The party was dull, and we decided to tell stories to make the time pass. 4. Nick got Mary to give him a lift to the school. 6. Let's try to get them to join our company. 7. She got the telephone repaired. 8. The thought of his coming made me feel ill. 9. The wind made the windows rattle. 10. They must have the problem settled. 11. She had the secretary make another copy. 12. He had the copy made. 13. They did their best to make themselves agree to the proposal. 14. He changed his mind to have his house painted green. 15. Let him choose his friends himself. 16. Your enthusiasm makes me feel young again. 17. She had a desire to let her life go on as though nothing had happened. 18. The director got his paper typed. 20. What makes you think so? 22. She is getting her hair cut tomorrow. 23. She did not let her daughter go to discos.

Exercise 206

1. The robbers made the people in the bank stand against the wall. 2. Let the child eat an ice-cream. 3.1 am not to blame. I was made to do it. 4. Yesterday I had my windows washed. 5. Let me try to do it myself. 6. The children are so noisy/making a lot of noise. Let them go for a walk. 7. He was made to do very dull work. 8.1 got her to go for a holiday. 9. He has his flat repaired. 10. Difficult circumstances made him act in' such a way. 11. Let's make a break for lunch. 12. You must get her to accept the offer. 13. Let me know when you want to see me again. 14. He got his neighbour to look after his dog during his absence. 15.1 wonder what made him kill the president. 16. She always lets her children watch cartoons on Sunday. 17. The suspect was made to lie on the ground. 18. She must have her watch repaired. 19. She feels bad, she got her tooth pulled out yesterday. 20. He did not build the house himself, he had it built.

Unit 16 The Gerund

Exercise 207

1) afford; 2) offer; 3)put off; 4) fail; 5) give up; 6) appear; 7) refuse; 8) intend; 9) seem; 10) be busy

Exercise 208

1) being; 2) finding; 3) asking, wasting; 4) talking, playing; 5) swimming; 6) repairing; 7) living; 8) airing; 9) going; 10) doing, receiving, going

Exercise 209 Ic, 2d, 3e, 4a, 5b

Exercise 210

1) paying, escaping; 2) making; 3) answering; 4) seeing, recognizing, commenting; 5) signing; 6) helping; 7) going; 8) buying

Exercise 211

1. Forgive my taking up so much of your time. 2. Do you mind his joining us? 3. Does he feel like staying here for another week? 4.1 appreciate your encouraging him when he failed in his experiment. 5. Do you know the reason for his feeling disappointed? 6. " It's no good your hating it, " he said becoming didactic. 7. Only the other day they had been talking about something happening. 8. She was listening hard all the time for any sound of Jan's descending the stairs. 9. He wishes he'd never told you the truth but it's no use his denying it. 10. Cursing himself for not learning to drive a car he woke up Tony. 11. Of course, I should insist on your accepting the proper professional fee. 12. Bob was feeling rather unwell, and was not really looking forward to our visiting him. 13. My father thinks I am not capable of earning my own living. 14. He warned us that there was no point in our arriving half an hour earlier. 15. They were talking about her giving up the job and going to live in the country.

Exercise 212

1. The speaker was annoyed at being interrupted every other moment. 2. He showed no sign of being hurt. 3. They showed no sign of recognizing us. 4. He insists on being paid for his work done. 5. We did not want to speak to the correspondent and tried to avoid being interviewed by him. 6. Excuse me for giving so much trouble to you. 7. After being examined by the doctor I was given a sick leave. 8. They deny robbing the bank, but admit making plans about it. 9. The problem is not worth speaking of. 10. Why does he avoid meeting journalists? 11. She insisted on showing the files to her. 12. She does not stand reminding people of their duties and being reminded of hers. 13. He is not used to being spoken to like that. 14. He had never thought of security because he had no idea of being kidnapped. 15. Did you succeed in persuading your colleagues? 16. The TV set needs repairing. 17. He is looking forward to being given the main part in the play. 18. After being looked through the papers were registered. 19. He can't do anything without disturbing anybody or being disturbed. 20. Have you ever dreamed of earning a million dollars?

Exercise 213

1) watching; 2) seeing; 3) going; 4) speaking;

5) crying; 6) doing; 7) talking, persuading; 8) buying; 9) gambling; 10) getting; 11) trying; 12) visiting; 13) remembering

Exercise 214

l)by; 2) after; 3) without; 4) on, without; 5) by;

6) after; 7) before; 8) on; 9) after; 10) by/after

Exercise 215

1) accomplishing; 2) explaining; 3) his taking part, his being sent; 4) laughing; 5) gambling; 6) going; 7) stealing, cheating, buying; 8) finding; 9) supporting; 10) living, coming; 11) taking; 12) speaking; 13) calling

Exercise 216

1) of; 2) of; 3) from; 4) against; 5) in; 6) like, of; 7) up

with; 8)___; 9) forward to; 10)___; 11) on; 12) at; 13) of;

14) of; 15)___

Exercise 217

1. His being unable to resist r charm is funny. 2. You shouldn't deny their telling the truth. 3. It's no good taking advantage of people's weakness. 4.1 admit my confiding in this man. 5. Her mother was displeased with her daughter's accepting the proposal. 6. We were admitted to the hall after ringing the bell. 1.1 hope you don't mind my speaking to you frankly. 8.1 object to his being admitted to our closed circle. 9. He was afraid of my changing the decision. 10.1 regret giving you so much trouble. 11. After studying the weather forecast in great detail, he said he would go back to London. 12. Why do you insist on his being present there? 13.1 am really ashamed of not writing to you for so long. 14.1 remember your submitting the report to the secretary, 15.1 was prepared to dislike Mr. Kalada even before meeting him. 16. He suggested our starting at once. 17. Mrs. Knight disliked my telling the truth. 18. We are looking forward to your spending the summer with us. 19. He is responsible for the letter being delivered only today. 20. This woman's face attracted his attention as familiar for he remembered her passing by him several times.

Exercise 218

1) in worrying; 2) to order; 3) giving, to swear; 4) leave/leaving, to have been; 5) in being; 6) looking up; 7) to making; 8) going; 9) closing, sitting; 10) arranging; 11) to arrange; 12) to deal, to doing; 13) to speak; 14) to go; 15) having, to drive

Exercise 219

A 1) to look; 2) to point out; 3) meeting; 4) to phone; 5) locking; 6) paying; 7) to give; 8) seeing; 9) asking; 10) staying; 11) to send

В 1) to tell; 2) not learning; 3) failing; 4) to inform;

5) quarrelling; 6) to say; 7) missing; 8) to say; 9) not being able; 10) doing

С 1) be; 2) getting up; 3) think; 4) working; 5) study;

6) wandering; 7) bring; 8) having; 9) say; 10) doing; 11) do

D 1) to lose; 2) going; 3) explaining; 4) to write; 5) to persuade; 6) to forget; 7) catching; 8) cooking; 9) to introduce

E 1) doing; 2) to do; 3) buying; 4) to buy; 5) making;

6) to buy; 7) producing; 8) speaking

F 1) to take, of failing; 2) to leave, of meeting; 3) to say; 4) of going; 5) to tell; 6) of meeting; 7) to make, of falling

G 1) feeling; 2) laughing; 3) to do; 4) being attracted; 5) to solve, phoning

Exercise 220

1) switching off, go, check; 2) go, swimming, going, bathing; 3) to buy, to ask; 4) dining, have, to go, having; 5) travelling, standing, to go; 6) to come, seeing, listening;

7) to hear, seeing; 8) swimming, to bring; 9) lending, to write; 10) to start off, wait, snowing; 11) meeting, of meeting; 12) to say, to rewrite, rewriting; 13) to buy, having

Exercise 221

Correct sentences: 4, 9

1.1 think you made a mistake by coming here. 2. When he told me about his plans, I couldn't help being surprised. It absolutely wasn't in his line. 3.1 can't help you to prepare this historical sketch. 5. People often have difficulty learning a foreign language. 6.1 congratulated Ann on entering University. 7. We called after him, but he did not even stop to turn his head. 8.1 don't remember his telling anything of the kind. 9. It is not worth taking up the matter now; it can wait.

Exercise 222

Id, 2b, 3c, 4a, 5c

Exercise 223

1.1 insist on your showing the new automobile to us.

2. The little boy was proud of having such a noble friend.

3. This film is worth seeing. You can't help enjoying the wonderful performance of the actors. 4. It was impossible to get the tickets and he had to give up the idea of listening to the famous pianist. 5.1 remember his laughing loudly when telling the story. 6. She was sure that the boys had stopped working long ago and had run to the river. 7. She was sitting in the drawing room without saying a word and paying attention to her sister's chat. 8. He quickly went into the hall without answering the greetings. 9.1 am sick and tired of being old and wise and I can't stand being treated like an invalid. 10. He meant to begin his investigation with the garden examining. 11. After washing up and tidying up the kitchen she lay on the sofa. 12. If you don't tell me what the matter is, what is the use of my being here? 13.1 couldn't even walk without his coming up to me. 14. He can't bear being praised. 15. He did not like his daughter chatting on the phone for hours. 16. He was trying to find a pretext for leaving earlier. 17.1 hope you don't mind his being told everything. 18. Did you remember to post the letter that he gave you? 19. On seeing our difficulty, they offered their help. 20. They couldn't help laughing at the sight' of the clown.

Unit 17 The Participle

Exercise 224

1) going; 2) remembering; 3) connecting; 4) taking; 5) not knowing; 6) saying; 7) turning; 8) being; 9) shaking; 10) supporting

Exercise 225

Sentences 2, 4, 6, 9, 12 are impossible to paraphrase.

1. The woman working in the garden is my sister. 3. Not knowing their telephone number I couldn't ring them up. 5. The sidewalks were crowded with people watching the carnival. 7. He stood at the counter and hesitated not knowing what to choose. 8. The conferences

held at the University every year are devoted to ecological problems. 10.1 looked at the people lying on the beach. 11. The people waiting for the doctor have been sitting here for a long time.

Exercise 226

1) divided; 2) broken; 3) left; 4) connected; 5) told; 6) received; 7) installed; 8) sent; 9) applied; 10) cooked

Exercise 227

1. The new job offered to me lately seems to be very interesting. 2. He could not recognize the square rebuilt while he was away. 3. The news brought to us is exciting. 4. The things left behind by passengers are usually taken to the Lost Property Office. 5. The animals caught in the morning struggled furiously. 6. The answer, so long expected, came at last. 7. There was a dead silence in the room broken only by his cough. 8. The sunrays lighted the magnificent house built on the hill. 9. The castle built many years ago was in good order. 10. The typewriter bought a few days ago has gone wrong.

Exercise 228

l. hen lying he spoke more quickly than when telling the truth. 2. She stood in front of the mirror as if speaking to herself. 3. She screamed as though badly hurt. 4. He is a quiet man. He never hurries unless pressed for time. 4. While waiting for you, I was looking through newspapers and magazines. 6. When asked about it, he could say nothing. 6. When translated, the article will be typed. 7. While crossing the street yesterday, I saw an accident. 8. A promise accounts so little till kept. 9. When a student he used to study at the library. 10. He was hesitating whether to take the step, which if mistaken, could put him to trouble.

Exercise 229

1. Having seen so little of the country, I am afraid I cannot answer all your questions. 2. Having arrived two days before the conference he had a lot of time to see-Edinburgh. 3.1 felt very tired having worked the whole day in the sun. 4. Having bought a pair of gloves we moved to the shoe department. 5. She left having told us all she had found out. 6. Having got what he wanted he took his hat and left. 7. By this time having got used to the atmosphere of the big city, he no longer felt a stranger. 8.1 felt refreshed and rested having slept for eight hours. 9. Having completed all our preparations we hired a taxi and hurried off. 10. Having never experienced such difficulties she was at a loss.

Exercise 230

1) exhausted; 2) accompanied; 3) sleeping; 4) Having filled; 5) promising; 6) laid; 7) Judging; 8) Having arrived-9) asking; 10) walking; 11) fallen; 12) Seen; 13) Not knowing; 14) Locked; 15) Having addressed; 16) giving-17) Having washed; 18) having changed

Exercise 231

lb, 2b, 3b, 4a, 5c, 6b, 7a, 8c, 9a, lOb

Exercise 232

Correct sentences: 3, 7, 10

1. Feeling tired and having nothing more to do till he came, she sat into the armchair at the window looking at the mountains lit by the sun. 2, On the walls there were some common coloured pictures, framed and glazed. 4. It was the hour of sunset, unnoticed in the cities, so beautiful in the country. 5. Having finished breakfast he stayed for some minutes in the dining room. 6. Mother smiled looking at the children playing in the garden. ». borne questions touched upon in the report are worth considering. 9. Having left our suitcases we went sightseeing.

Exercise 233

1. Be attentive when driving a car. 2. On the sheet of the paper there were several lines written in pencil 3. Having received a telegram my sister immediately left for Glasgow. 4.1 don't know the man speaking on the phone. 5. Having gone in the evening, we arrived in the city at 6 a.m. 6. The news received made everybody excited. 7.1 left her a message not having caught her at home. 8. Feeling tired they decided to have a rest. 9.1 did not remember the name of the person who rang you up yesterday. 10. We sat on the terrace enjoying a wonderful view of the mountains surrounding our hotel.

Exercise 234

The Bees

I remember when I was a child being sent to visit one of our numerous elderly eccentric aunts. She was mad about bees; the garden was full of bees, humming like telegraph poles. One afternoon she put on an enormous veil and a pair of gloves, locked us all in the cottage for safety, and went out to try to get some honey out of one of the hives. Apparently she did nor stupefy them properly, or whatever it is to do, and when she took the lid off, the bees poured out and settled on her. We were watching all this through the window. We didn't know much about bees, so we thought this was all right, until we saw her flying round the garden making desperate attempts to avoid the bees, getting her veil tangled in the rosebushes. Eventually she reached the cottage and flung herself at the door. We couldn't open it because she had the key. We kept trying to tell her this, but her screams of agony and the humming of the bees drowned our voices. It was I believe Leslie who had the brilliant idea of throwing a bucket of water over her from the bedroom window. Unfortunately in his enthusiasm he threw the bucket as well. To be drenched with cold water and then hit on the head with a large iron bucket is irritating enough, but to fight off a mass of bees at the same time makes the whole thing extremely trying. When we eventually got her inside she was so swollen as to be almost unrecognizable.

Unit 18 Modal Verbs

Obligation and Likelihood

Exercise 235

1) must; 2) will have to; 3) must; 4) had to; 5) had to; 6) was to; 7) were to, had to; 8) must; 9) is to; 10) must; 11) had to; 12) will not have to; 13) will not have to; 14) are to; 15) are to

Exercise 236

1) study; 2) be studying; 3) have studied; 4) have been studying; 5) have been taking; 6) be; 7) be; 8) think; 9) be thinking; 10) have written; 11) be playing; 12) have understood; 13) be staying; 14) have got; 15) have met

Exercise 237

1) be raining; 2) have followed; 3) have fallen ill; 4) be, have missed; 5) be quarrelling; 6) have noticed; 7) have been; 8) be waiting; 9) have forgotten; 16) have been writing, be; 11) have misunderstood; 12) have seen; 13) be going; 14) be reading; 15) take

Exercise 238

I.They are in Greece. They must be enjoying themselves. 2. She is an experienced teacher. She must have been working at school for at least twenty years. 3. They must have finished painting the house. 4. She must be at home. 5. They must have already passed the frontier. 6. He must be playing cards with his friends. 7. She is not very young, as she seems to be. She must be nearly forty. 8. You must have visited this place before. 9. He has to do a very urgent task. He must be working now. 10. He is so absent-minded. He must have left the letter unanswered. 11. You know he is a good tennis player. He must haVe won this match. 12.1 shan't bother you any longer; you must feel tired of my talking after a tiring day. 13. They must be expecting somebody. 14. She must have been upset by something; I never saw her so nervous. 15. The youth must be reading something funny. He is smiling all the time.

Exercise 239

la, 2b, 3c, 4c, 5a, 6c, 7a, 8a, 9b, Юа

Exercise 240

1. He must have heard about it. 2. This house must have been built at the beginning of the century. 3. You must not stop work till you finish it. 4. They must be having a lesson now. 5. Take it easy, he must have done it by chance. 6. He must be sleeping now. 7.1 have been looking for the house for half an hour already and can't find it anywhere. She must have given me the wrong address. 8.1 did not have to do the drawing. 9. Evidently, he had no time to finish work by Friday and had to spend the weekend doing it because it was to be done by Monday. 10. Evidently, she hasn't watered the garden. The ground is very dry. 11. There was no choice and they had to agree. 12. She must be waiting for us at home. 13. She must wait for us at home. 14. Evidently, she was not told that we had already returned. 15, She had to apologize though it was unpleasant for her.

Exercise 241

1) watering; 2) fixed; 3) to come; 4) repaired; 5) to prepare; 6) cutting; 7) to book; 8) looked after; 9) papered; 10) to get

Exercise 242

1) come; 2) to carry; 3) to worry; 4) to tell; 5) phone; 6) ask; 7) to go; 8) leave; 9) help; 10) to talk

Exercise 243

1) needn't; 2) needn't; 3) needn't; 4) mustn't; 5) mustn't; 6) needn't; 7) needn't; 8) needn't; 9) mustn't; 10) mustn't

Exercise 244

1) needn't have gone; 2) didn't need to cook; 3) needn't have hurried; 4) didn't have to return; 5) didn't have to take; 6) needn't have come; 7) didn't have to go; 8) needn't have made; 9) didn't have to wake up; 10) needn't have spent

Exercise 245

1. You needn't have told Mike about it. 2. He needn't be asked about it. 3.1 need your help. 4. You needn't have learned the text by heart, the teacher did not ask it.

5. In the evening the temperature fell and he decided that he didn't have to go to the doctor's. 6. Don't you see that his hair needs cutting? 7. He needn't have refused the invitation. 8. You bought your car only a year ago. Does it need to be painted? 9. My computer needs fixing. 10. John did not have to go to London, and he decided to spend the weekend in Brighton.

Exercise 246

If, 2h, За, 4j, 5b, 6c, 7i, 8e, 9g, lOd

Exercise 247

1. She ought to have taken a taxi. 2.1 should have eaten at home. 3. She shouldn't have bought a TV set. 4. He shouldn't have signed a contract without reading it thoroughly. 5. Mary shouldn't have sold her house.

6. You ought to have come to the party last night. 7. The driver in front of me shouldn't have stopped suddenly 8. The boy shouldn't have gone out. 9. We should have reserved the rooms beforehand. 10. Tom and Mary ought not to have got married.

Exercise 248

1) be; 2) have missed; 3) have exceeded; 4) have taken; 5) control; 6) have cleared; 7) have stayed; 8) shave; 9) have been; 10) have revealed

Exercise 249

lc, 2b, 3b, 4d, 5a, 6b, 7c, 8a, 9b, Юа

Exercise 250

1) did not have to go/did not need to go; 2) have to take; 3) must/ought to/should respect; 4) should be done/ ought to be done; 5) are to meet, needn't make; 6) must have; 7) should/must try; 8) had to change; 9) needn't/ shouldn't shout; 10) must be crossing

Exercise 251

1. You should have rung him up yesterday. 2. He shouldn't have spoken to her in that tone. His tone must have hurt her. 3. It was to happen. Everybody knows his forgetfulness. 4. She had to find out everything before starting the work. Now she must change a lot of things. 5. She should have brought all the papers long ago. Now it's too late. 6. Children must not see horror films. 7. Shall I see them off? — No, you needn't. I'll have to do it myself. 8. You/ One must adapt yourself/oneself to a new life in a foreign country. 9. You needn't have bought this coat. 10. Evidently, we did not notice him in the crowd. 11. We did not need to hurry, so we decided to walk. 12. Why should I do it?

Ability, Likelihood and Permission

Exercise 252

1) can, was not able to; 2) been able to; 3) be able to; 4) can, can't; 5) can't, will be able to; 6) can; 7) be able to; 8) been able to; 9) couldn't; 10) to be able to; 11) could; 12) could (not); 13) can; 14) were able to; 15) could

Exercise 253

1) be; 2) have got; 3) have done; 4) be; 5) have been; 6) have told; 7) have cancelled; 8) do; 9) have been; 10) have committed; 11) come; 12) have crashed

Exercise 254

A1. Can he have been at the party yesterday? 2. Could they be in Germany? 3. Can he have broken his leg? 4. Could they have been sent to prison? 5. Can she got married? 6. Could he study at Cambridge University? 7. Can she have been practicing the violin for five years? 8. Could he have made an interesting report? 9. Could he have won a lot of money in the casino? 10. Can they will to the Canaries next summer? 11. Could he have passed his English exam? 12. Could she be forty in June? 13. Can she be stubborn?

14. Could he have been a cruel man?

В 1. You can't be mistaken. 2. They can't have forgotten about the meeting. 3. He couldn't be writing a new novel now. 4. She couldn't have bought a new fur coat. 5. He can't have had an accident. 6. Mary can't invite the Jones to her place for the weekend. 7. They couldn't have upset our plans. 8. She can't waste a lot of time. 9. Mr. Fox couldn't be a reliable person. 10. She couldn't be making a cruise now.

Exercise 255

1. He can't have been at home at that time yesterday. 2. Can he have told you about it? 3. He could have called on them when he was in Moscow. 4. He could have done it but he didn't want to. 5. Could he have refused to go there? 6. He can't be sleeping now. 7» They can't have left without saying goodbye to us. 8. She can't have answered you in such a way. 9. He could come tomorrow. 10. He can't have collided with another car. He is such a careful driver. 11. He couldn't have forgotten his promise, I reminded him about it yesterday. 12. He could not read the book so quickly, it is too difficult for him. 13. They could have reached the top, but the weather prevented them from doing it. 14. They couldn't get married, they are so different

15. Has anybody have thought of his winning the match?

Exercise 256

1. Under the law you may make one photocopy for your personal use but you can't make multiple copies. 2. This may/might be the reason why they have refused to join us. 12*

3.1 may/might have to take her to hospital; she may/might have broken her arm in the accident. 4. He may/might not have had her phone number. 5. When the World Cup was shown on TV, I might stay up late and watch it. 6. Your friend may/might help you, but I don't believe it. 7. They may/might not have known that the problem was so urgent. 8. May I smoke here? 9. You might have come! I needed your help badly. 10. She may/might have made a mistake, but I am not sure of it. She is a very punctual person.

Exercise 257

1) might have warned; 2) may/might start; 3) can't/ couldn't not have heard; 4) may/might have heard; 5) can't/couldn't have noticed; 6) may/might not have noticed; 7) may; 8) may/might not have heard; 9) can't/ couldn't have heard, could; 10) may; 11) may; 12) might have helped; 13) can/could... have said

Exercise 258

la, 2d, За, 4c, 5d, 6c

Exercise 259

1) must/may be reading; 2) can' have got; 3) might have been; 4) must have got; 5) must/may; 6) need not have taken up; 7) must/may/might, were to come; 8) must/may/might have lost; 9) should/might have introduced; 10) can't/couldn't have bought; 11) may/ might/could have bought; 12) must/may have arrived; 13) must/may/might be smoking; 14) must/should/ought to do; 15) might have bought; 16) must/should obey; 17) needn't have waited; 18) must have been working; 19) could be; 20) may/might not have known

Exercise 260

Correct sentences: 7, 10

1.1 need not have dressed in my best. When I came, everybody was wearing jeans and T-shirts. 2. He might have known that she needed his help. 3. He must/may have had an accident in the thick fog. 4. You should have phoned her long ago. I am. sure she is looking forward to your call. 5. With your knowledge of the language you can/are able to read the article. 6.1 cannot imagine Mary teaching students. She used to be so impatient. — You know, time changes people. She may have become quite different. 8.1 was so angry, I could have thrown my boot at him. 9. Could you do me a favour, please?

Exercise 261

1. What's happening here? Could you tell me what the matter is? — The police must be catching a dangerous criminal, that's why you must not/can't go here. 2. He might have explained to me from the very beginning the importance of it. 3. You should hurry up. We may be late. 4. What a boring film I have seen! I needn't have gone to the cinema, I could have seen something on TV. 5. You should have gone on a diet half a year ago. Look at yourself! You've gained three kilos. You must not/can't eat sweets. 6. Could she have lost my telephone number? 7. Why is he keeping silence? — He may/might not have heard your question. Could you repeat it, please? 8. You ought to/ should/must respect your parents. 9. He probably won't come today. It's 8 o'clock already and he was to have come at seven. 10. They couldn't have returned yet. They are there for the first time and can/may stay long.



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