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Phrasal Verbs and Verb-Based Expressions



Get

Exercise 293.

Match the words on the left with their definitions on the right.

1) get hold of a) finish something

2) get down to b) get free of something

or somebody

3) get in c) annoy

4) get off d) become accustomed to

someone/something

5) get on e) meet with someone

6) get on with f) climb down

7) get on one's nerves g) enter

8) get out h) know someone or some-

thing better

9) get a notice i) climb aboard

10) get through j) seize something or

someone

11) get up k) become soaked with

water

12) get rid of 1) begin doing some kind

of work in earnest

13) get used to m) be friends with some-

body

14) get wet n) wake up and get out of

the bed

15) get together о) get a warning about a

forthcoming dismissal

16) get to know p) go away

 

Exercise 294.

Paraphrase the following sentences using expressions from the exercise abo\e.

1. At last I have finished this work! 2. It rained heavily. We got soaked to the skin. 3. We rose early yesterday because the train started at 7 o'clock. 4. It is difficult to get accustomed to hot weather if one lives in the north. 5. She was upset because her husband had been warned that he would be dismissed. 6. It's high time we began our studies. 7. She is such a bore! She annoys me every time I see her. I'm dreaming of shaking her off. 8. We haven't met since we graduated. 9. Though they are quite different, they agree well. 10. Look! The cat's seized a bird!

 

Exercise 295.

Fill in the blanks.

1.1 get___ the bus every morning at the corner of 32nd Street and get___ at 27th Street. 2. He got___ that he would be fired at the end of the month. 3. Turn that radio off. It gets___. 4. He invited us to get___ the car and go for a ride with him. 5. If the crocodile gets ___its victim, he will surely kill it. 6. Get___of the rain or you'll get___. 7. I'll have to get___very early tomorrow. 8. Get___of my house! I don't want to see you. 9. John is bothering me. Help me to get___him

please. 10.1 can't get___her manner of speaking. I think she talks too fast and too much. 11. Stop talking, you lazy-bones! Get___business at once! 12. How do you get___Pete? — Well, he a fine chap. 13. We all try to get___at least once a year at Christmas. 14. We got___ work at five o'clock. 15. You will get___him better when you meet him more often.

 

Exercise 296.

Translate into English.

1. Почему кошки не ладят с собаками? 2. Он сел за работу рано утром, надеясь закончить ее к 4 часам. 3» Он не привык к тому, чтобы его не слушались (obey). 4. Я буду счастлив, если сумею избавиться от моей старой машины. 5. Убирайтесь вон из моего дома! Вы лжец (liar)! 6. Он вышел из машины и подошел к вит-рине магазина (shop window). 7. Папа, он тебе обяза-тельно понравится, когда ты узнаешь его лучше. 8« После окончания школы мы решили встречаться первого сентября. 9. Когда мы сели в самолет, стюар­десса (airhostess) рассказала нам об экипаже. 10. Он сильно промок, возвращаясь домой. 11. Он ухватился за возможность решить проблему, не прибегая к по-• мощи полиции. 12. Закрой дверь. Этот шум действу-V мне на нервы.

Give

Exercise 297. Match the words on the left with their efinitions on the right.

1) giveaway a) abandon

2) give back b) offer smb. a ride (in a

car)

3) give birth to c) inform

4) give in d) help

5) give notice of e) bear a child

6) give out f) cause something

7) give someone a hand g) yield to someone/some-

thing

8) give up h) betray

9) give smb. a lift i) return

10) give rise to j) distribute

 

Exercise 298.

Paraphrase the following sentences using expressions from the exercise above.

1. John is a good husband. He always helps his wife about the house. 2. He decided to stop gambling after he lost a large sum of money in the casino. 3. His behaviour and manner of speaking showed that he was not a gentleman. 4. The fight at the party caused alot of gossip. 5. He took me to the station in his car. 6. He was persuaded by our sound arguments. 7. She bore him early in the morning. 8. The usher handed out the programmes of the concert. 9. She has been told that she will be fired. 10. Has he returned the book yet?

Exercise 299.

Fill in the blanks.

1. Although her father at first was reluctant to let her go abroad alone, he finally gave___. 2. Mary gave ___her second son yesterday. 3. He is a decent person now. He has given __ drinking and smoking. 5. Can you give me___to the college? 6. The professor gave___ the essays pointing out the mistakes. 7. The Browns have given___their landlord. They are going to move on the first of the month. 8. He got angry when I asked him to give___the money, which he owed to me. 9. The new regulations gave___a debate. 10. Although she pretended to be Italian, the German accent gave her___. 11. Pete is a true friend. He will always give you___when you are in trouble.

 

Exercise 300.

Translate into English.

1. Почему ты всегда уступаешь его требованиям? 2. Она бросила заниматься английским. Говорит, что она неспособна. 3. Он должен вернуть долг (debt) в пятницу. 4. Не беспокойся, он подвезет меня до работы. 5. Новый закон (law) приведет к повышению нало­гов (tax). 6. Я помог ему расплатиться с долгами. 7. Уп­равляющий предупредил служащих о снижении зара­ботной платы (pay). 8. Я узнал ее, хотя она и была за­гримирована (make up). Ее выдал голос. 9. Подожди минутку. Сейчас придет Джек. Он раздаст бесплатные билеты на концерт. 10. Она родила троих детей.

Keep

Exercise 301.

Match the words on the left with their definitions on the right.

1) keep something back a) remember about some-

one/something

2) keep someone company b) remain calm

3) keep fit c) continue to do some-

thing

4) keep from d) adhere to

5) keep house e) move at the same speed

with someone/some­thing

6) keep in mind f) not let others know

about it

7) keep on g) remain in good health

8) keep one's temper h) stay with someone

9) keep one's word i) maintain in good order

or condition 1

10) keep pace with j) manage a household

11) keep to k) prevent

12) keep up 1) uphold one's promise

Exercise 302.

Fill in the blanks.

1. Bill kept___and arrived exactly at the time he had promised. 2. You must keep___that your brother is younger than you are. 3. You must go to the gym twice a week to keep___. 4. The doctor told her to keep___all the sweets and other fattening food. 5. The main thing to remember, if the man starts any trouble, is to keep ___. 6. Instead of keeping___the right he always tends to stay in the middle of the road. 7. Don't walk so fast, I can't keep___you. 8.1 am sure, my son never keeps anything___from me. He has always trusted me. 9. It was quite a new experience for a young woman to keep ___. 10. Why don't you come over and keep me ___

tonight while I sit with the children? 11. It costs a lot of money to keep___a car. 12. He kept___telling me the same story over and over.

 

Exercise 303.

Translate into English using the phrasal verb keep.

1. Ему приходится тратить много денег, чтобы со­держать загородный дом. 2. Постарайтесь придержи­ваться темы. 3. Мне было бы очень скучно вчера, если бы Анна не составила мне компанию. 4. Я не могу уг­наться за ним. Он слишком быстро идет. 5. Я так и не привыкла вести домашнее хозяйство. 6. Только свя­той мог бы сдержаться в такой ситуации. 7. Она вы­полнила обещание и вернула деньги в срок. 8. Ты все­гда должен помнить, что ты несешь ответственность за свои действия. 9. Он не курит и не пьет. 10. Хотя он понимал, что его выступление провалилось (failure), он продолжал говорить. 11. Почему ты не бегаешь по ут­рам, если хочешь быть в хорошей форме?

Look

Exercise 304.

Match the words on the left with their definitions on the right.

1) look after a) turn the head (to see)

2) look at b) examine

3) look for c) investigate something

4) look forward to d) search for something

in a reference book, dictionary

5) look into e) search for someone/

something

6) look like f) raise one's eyes

7) look out g) consider someone/

something

8) look round h) take care of someone/

something

9) look through i) direct one's eyes on

someone/something

10) look up (2) j) resemble someone/

something

k) anticipate something with pleasure

11) look upon 1) be on the watch; be

careful

 

Exercise 305.

Fill in the blanks.

1.1 was about to step out in front of the oncoming truck when somebody yelled to me to look___. 2. With his fair hair and light skin he looks just___his father. 3, Pete looked everywhere___the book which he had lost. 4. You should look___all unfamiliar words in a

dictionary. 5. The police are looking___the records of all involved in the crime. 6. It is quite unwise to look___ a person who is different from us as a fool. 7. Our neighbours promised to look___our cat while we are on holiday. 8. We are looking_______ your visit. 9. She

' looked___him as if she wanted to ask something. 10. He 'looked___, but found no one. 11. She sat at the window looking __ a newspaper. 12. The captain looked___the glasses and saw a small boat in the distance. 13. He looked___from his paper and saw a young dark-haired girl.

 

Exercise 306.

Find and correct the mistakes if any.

1. If you look after something that is going to happen, you want it to happen because you expect to enjoy it. 2. Look out the address of the nearest clinic. 3. " Look in, Fm going to drop a rock, " I shouted. 4. I've been looking upon my spectacles for half an hour and can't find them. 5. She looked round the paper with some interest trying to guess whose work it was. 6. He looked up and then said he would never forget what I had done. 7. He looked upon the book to see if he had read it before. 8. A government inquiry is looking up the cause of the accident. 9. We are looking up you as a person who will bring the company successfully out of the recession. 10. I'm sorry to hear you lost your job. I do hope that the things will look up for you soon. 11. Six nurses look through the patients in this ward.

Exercise 307.

Translate into English.

1. Ты уже просмотрел документы? — Да, я их вни­мательно изучил. 2. Если ты хочешь иметь красивый сад, за ним нужно тщательно ухаживать. 3. Что ты ищешь? — Ручку. Мне надо записать (write down) но­мер телефона. 4. Преподаватели считают его самым способным студентом в этой группе. 5. Мне нужны точные данные, обязательно посмотрите их в справочни­ке (reference book). 6. Осторожно! Разве ты не ви­дишь, что дверь окрашена? 7. Она похожа на свою тетю, правда? 8. Он посмотрел наверх и увидел аиста (stork) на крыше дома. 9. Мальчик с нетерпением ждал Рождества. 10, Она огляделась, но не заметила никого из знакомых.

Make

Exercise 308.

Match the words on the left with their definitions on the right.

1) make (both) ends meet a) put cosmetics on

2) make fun of b) compose

3) make friends c) read something which

is not written clearly

4) make one's living d) ridicule someone/some-

thing

5) make oneself at home e) decide

6) make out f) become a friend of

someone

7) make up (2) g) earn enough money to

live on

h) manage to live on a small amount of money

8) make up one's mind i) make oneself comfortable

 

Exercise 309.

Fill in the blanks.

1.1 don't like to see women make___in public. 2. He makes___by selling ears. He is not good at it and sometimes his family has to make___. 3. He has made ___to go to Mexico for his vacation. 4. In the dark it was hard for me to make___the numbers on the houses. 5. You are a wicked person. Stop making___him. It's no good mocking at people. 6. The committee is made

___of seven members. 7. We were asked to make___ during the brief absence of our hostess. 8. I've known him since last summer. We made___on a cruise.

 

Exercise 310.

Translate into English.

1. Она решила изменить имидж и сделала макияж по-другому. 2. Садитесь з кресло и чувствуйте себя как дома. 3. Он зарабатывает на жизнь, торгуя недви­жимостью (real estate). 4. У него ужасный почерк (handwriting). Я ничего не могу разобрать. 5. Они не могли не посмеяться над ним. 6. Он потерял работу, и теперь его семье приходится сводить концы с конца­ми. 7. Парламент Великобритании состоит из палаты общин и палаты лордов. 8. Они подружились в дет­стве.

Put

Exercise 311.

Match the words on the left with their definitions on the right.

1) put down (3) a) dress in something

b) eliminate

2) put off c) suffer patiently

3) put on d) erect, build

4) put on weight e) suppress by force or

authority

5) put out f) write something down

6) put up g) gain weight

7) put up with h) postpone something

i) set, place down

8) put an end to j) suggest (an idea)

9) put in order k) switch off

10) put forward 1) to bring order to smth.

Exercise 312.

Fill in the blanks.

1. They are putting___several new houses in our street. 2. Be sure to put___the light when you go to sleep. 3. Put___that book and help your mother with the dishes. 4. The meeting has been put___till next week. 5. Since getting married, Bill has put___. 6. He put___his hat and coat and went out. 7. Please put___ your name and address___on this pad. 8.1 refused to put___his carelessness any longer. 9. The king had little mercy putting___the rebellion. 10. She asked me

to put___the catalogue of our goods. 11. It's high time you put___their dishonest deals. 12. Henry Ford put ___a new idea of assembling cars.

 

Exercise 313.

Translate into English.

1. Положи газету и послушай меня. Ситуация очень серьезная, а собрание опять отложено. Тебе нужно выдвинуть наше предложение. 2. Обязательно надень шапку. На улице сильный ветер. 3. Я опять поправи­лась. Придется отказаться от сладкого. 4. Ты уже за­писал данные? 5. Восстание (rebellion) было подавлено с большой жестокостью (cruelty). 6. Египтяне постро­или пирамиды, которые сохранились (remain) до на­ших дней. 7. Уже светает. Давно пора спать. Приведи в порядок свои бумаги и выключи свет. 8. Он больше не может мириться с обманом (deception). &. Они хо­тят уничтожить коррупцию (corruption) в своем уч­реждении.

Run

Exercise 314. Match the words on the left with their definitions on the right.

1) runabout a) reach (a sum, a figure)

2) run after b) meet unexpectedly

someone/collide with something

3) run into c) play

4) run into debt d) pursue or follow

5) run out e) ride or drive over as

with an automobile

6) run over f) come to an end

7) run to g) owe money to smb.

 

Exercise 315.

Fill in the blanks.

1.1 ran___of flour while I was cooking a pie. Please go to the grocer's and buy some. 2. His debt ran___ $2, 000. 3. They ran___Mary at the exhibition yesterday. 4. Dogs tried to run___our car, but then one by one they slowed down and stopped. 5. The children were running ___in the yard. 6. What's the matter? — A car ran___ a girl. She is still unconscious.

 

Exercise 316,

Translate into English.

1. Машина скрылась, сбив прохожего. 2. Знаешь, кого я случайно встретил в библиотеке? Джека! 3. Он влез в долги, потому что купил дом. 4. Им пришлось сдаться (surrender), так как у них кончилась вода. 5. Дети игра­ли на берегу реки. 6. Цена картины, выставленной на аукционе (auction), достигла $15, 000. 7. Беги за отцом, он забыл бумажник (wallet) дома.

Take

Exercise 317,

Match the words on the left with their definitions on the right.

1) take after a) consider as true

2) take advantage of b) remove (a garment, something etc.)

3) take care of c) react painfully

4) take for d) take steps

5) take for granted e) resemble a close, older

relative

6) take into account f) start controlling,

managing a business

7) take measures g) regard as

8) take notes h) happen, occur

9) takeoff (2) i) catch sight of some-

body/something

j) seize the opportunity

10) take offence at k) write down notes

11) take to heart 1) start a flight

12) take interest in m) be given permission to

speak

13) take over (a company) n) take into consideration

14) take part in some- o) develop a habit or thing practice

15) take place p) feel hurt

16) take the floor q) show interest in something/somebody

17) take to r) participate in

18) take notice of s) care for someone/something

 

Exercise 318.

Fill in the blanks.

1. The plane took___at exactly 8 o'clock. 2. While discussing the case, the jury took___the fact that it was the first criminal's offence. 3. As soon as he took___, the audience started booing. 4. Columbus did not realize that he had discovered a new continent and took it___ India. 5. There was nobody to take___him at home and he was sent to hospital. 6. The company did not take___

dishonest dealings, such as laundering money. 7. My daughter has been taking ___ History since school. 8. Why did he take___at our innocent remarks? 9. He took ___ his hat and greeted us. 10. Where did the accident take___? 11. She took___drink shortly after her husband's death. 12. It was decided to take immediate ___to settle this ill-posed problem. 13. She pretended not to take___strange behaviour. 14. She took___that her uncle would leave his fortune to her. She was his only close relative. 15. They remained alone in the room and she took___asking for money. 16. Since their start, they have taken___a lot of small companies. 17. In his gloomy nature, Andrew takes___his father rather than his mother. 18. Don't tell the sad news to her, she always

takes everything___. 19. Since there was no textbook for the course, the students had to take___everything the professor said.

 

Exercise 319.

Translate into English.

1. Он пристрастился к картам еще в молодости. 2. Не стоит на него обижаться. Он не хотел тебя оби­деть. 3. У него алиби (alibi). Когда произошло убий­ство (murder), он был в другом городе. 4. Диктофон (dictaphone) не работал, и ему пришлось записать всю беседу. 5. Мой сын пошел в своего деда: такой же упрямый (stubborn). 6. Он воспользовался какими-ни­будь преимуществами? 7. Он заметил ее на трамвай­ной остановке. 8. Мы считали само собой разумею­щимся, что он победит. 9. Она относится к людям, которые все близко принимают к сердцу. 10. Мы при­соединим еще одну фирму в следующем году. 11. Он проявил интерес к моей работе. 12. Какие меры при­няты, чтобы гарантировать (guarantee) получение при­были (profit)? 13. Самолет взлетает через десять ми­нут. Просьба пристегнуть ремни. 14. Мы приняли его за итальянца, а он оказался испанцем. 15. Он решил взять слово на следующем заседании (sitting). 16. В зале было очень душно (stuffy), и она сняла жакет. 17. Они приняли во внимание все его замечания. 18. Я бы хотела работать в госпитале и ухаживать за ране­ными. 19. Он принял деятельное участие в обсужде­нии плана.

 

Tests

Choose the right variant,

1. Only ___the deserts ___the Rockies and the Sierras, ___the mountains and___the plains of eastern Kansas and Nebraska the American Indians still dominated the land.

a) on, between, in, in

b) at, among, at, on

c) in, between, in, on

d) in, among, in, on

2.___1812 Russian fur traders established Fort Ross ___California's northern coast and it functioned___a Russian trading post___1841 when, ___order from Alaska, the fort was dismantled.

a) in, on, as, until, by

b) on, at, as, by, through

c) at, in, like, till, at

d) during, along, like, in, by

3. Abraham Lincoln was born___February 12, 1809 ___a small farm ___Kentucky ___the family of a wandering laborer.

a) in, at, in, to

b) on, on, in, in

c) at, in, near, of

d) on, tos by, among

4. The high brown-painted bookshelves___the wall ___the fireplace were full___books.

a) at, in front of, with

b) across, opposite, of

c) along, below, in

d) near, above, off

5. Chicago lies___800 miles inland___the Atlantic Ocean and___centuries was known only___Indians ___a small trading post.

a) around, off, for, for, as

b) nearly, from, during, to, like

c) near, across, since, for, like

d) about, from, for, to, as

6. They walked slowly___the road___two small hills tired___the hot afternoon sun.

a) in, between, from

b) through, among, from

c) along, between, of

d) on, across, of

7. When I come___some English words which I don't know I always look them___in the dictionary.

a) to, for

b) on, through

c) for, into

d) across, up

8. The Milky Way, ___a river___the night sky, consists___countless stars too faint to be seen separately.

a) like, across, of

b) like, in, from

c) as, across, of

d) as, in, from

9.___, trials the judge always objects___questions that suggest answers instead of asking___information.

a) in, ___, ___

b) at, to, for

c) on, at, ___

d) during, on, to

10. Responsibility___providing school education is shared___the. central department and local education authorities.

a) at, by

b) on, between

c) for, by

d) to, among

11.___ a moment he hesitated; then he walked straight___the door and knocked___it. " I'll say I've knocked___mistake, " he thought.

a) in, into, to, on

b) during, up, on, because of

c) on, up to, against, through

d) for, to, at, by

12. Many of the first immigrants died___diseases, and their ships were often battered___storm and lost ___sea.

a) from, with, in

b) of, by, at

c) from, by, at

d) of, with, in

13. The solution ___the problem was to build a merchant fleet and look___markets___far corners of the earth. So trade became the key___prosperity.

a) of, up, in, of

b) to, upon, at, to

c) to, for, in, to ti) of, for, at, to

14. Situated___the San Francisco Bay and___the steep hills, San Francisco is a colourful city___lovely vistas, beautiful bridges (___these the famous Golden Gate Bridge) and richly decorated private mansions.

a) along, among, of, among

b) across, between, with, between

c) near, in, of, between

d) along, between, for, among

15. He crossed the street and sat___one of the iron benches that were placed___the trees___the shade.

a) on, near, at

b) in, under, on

c) on, under, in

d) at, at, to

16.1 shouted___my aunt and she came downstairs. My uncle was sitting ___his armchair ___the fire reading The Financial Times.

a) to, on, in front of

b) at, in, opposite

c) to, in, by

d) at, into, near

17.___the very beginning he became very popular ___his classmates owing___his striking ability___ telling frightening stories.

a) in, among, due, for

b) at, with, to, to

c) on, between, for, of

d) at, with, to, of

18. Jack did not much care___his host. It never occurred___him that he might be a burden.

a) about, for

b) for, to

c) of, of

d) for, for

19.1 am so sorry___being late. It's been good__ you to wait___. me.

a) for, for, for

b) of, of, of

c) about, for, ___

d) for, of, for

20. Her job___a tourist guide consists___taking tourists___the town and answering___their questions.

a) as, of, round, ___

b) as, from, about, to

c) like, in, through, ___

d) like, of, to, to

 

Unit 22 Probiem Verbs

Exercise 320.

Fill in the blanks with the verb rise or raise in the proper tense and voice.

1. Early to bed and early to___makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise. 2. She is very weak after pneumonia. She can hardly___from her bed. 3.1 would like to___ my glass to the health of our hostess. 4. The sun___in the east and sets in the west. 5. Are the living standards in your country___or falling from year to year? 6. He is a polite person. He always___his hat when he meets a lady who he knows. 7.___your hand if you have got a question. 8. He___his head to see her leave the room. 9. He___and slowly went up to the window. 10. He___ his eyebrows in great surprise. 11. The price for oil has ___recently. 12. The OPEC countries have___the price

of oil. 13. He___a heavy suitcase and went to the exit. 14. It is late. The stars are sparkling and the moon___. 15. He___sheep on his farm. 16. The independence of the states___new questions about what American higher education should be.

 

Exercise 321.

Fill in the blanks with the verb lie or lay in the proper tense and voice.

1.1 think I'll have to go and___down. I feel rather bad. 2.1 am so hungry. When will the table___? 3. When at the seaside, I like to go to the seashore in the evening and___on the beach looking at the stars. 4. The doctor says you mustn't___in the sun after 12 o'clock. 5. Why

did you___all your things on my table? 6. The kitchen was in disorder, plates and pans were___all over the place. 7. Manhattan ___at the mouth of the Hudson River. 8. The table___and the hostess invited everybody in. 9. She has___all her things on the bed before putting them into the suitcase. 10. The mother___her son into the bed. 11. The red rug___in front of the fire place. 12. The children must be tired. They should___a little. 13. The student___ his essay on the teacher's table. 14. He___the foundations of this company. 15. It was hot in the garden and we decided___in the shade under the oak-tree. 16. She___her hand on the girl's forehead.

 

Exercise 322.

Fill in the blanks with the verb sit or set in the proper tense and voice.

1. The sun___, but it was rather light. 2. The cat ___in the sun rays, 3. The plumber fiaished work, ___ Ms tools in the box and went to the door. 4. She___the turkey into the oven. 6. Our seats are in the stalls, we are going___in the third row. 6, While Jim was swimming,

Alice___on the beach watching boats. 7. It was raining heavily and she got wet through, so when she came home, she___her shoes near the fireplace. 8. Look, a cat and a dog___in the same position for half an hour already. 9.1 helped Ann___the table. 10.1 need ice.___a plate

with water into the freezer. 11. They___the fire to get warm. 12. It's too hot in the sun. Let's___in the shade. 13. They ___ up till late at night discussing f ature projects. 14. He always ___ a bad example to other students. 15. When the teacher came into the classroom, all the pupils___at their tables.

Exercise 323.

Fill in the blanks with the verb do or make in the proper tense and voice.

1. When he was___his written exercises, he___some gammar mistakes. 2. He___up his mind not to talk to the news people and hurried to the White House entrance. 3-. What does he___for a living? - He___research at the university. 4. " ___your report brief. Keep to the subject, " said the chairman. 5. She always___her best to study well. 6. Eat more vegetables. They will___ you a lot of good. 7. The boy was upset, he had___his mother cry. 8. You must always try to___your best. 9. What do you want me___? I can't___money, I know it. 10.___sure that your plane will take off at nine. 11. Who___this dress for you? 12. He___the first attempt, but it was a failure. 13. We like___our guests comfortable. 14, Every morning the maid goes to all rooms on our floor___beds. 15. I'm sorry, I can___nothing to help you.

 

Exercise 324.

Fill in the blanks with the verb say, speak, talk or tell in the proper tense and voice.

1. We___ good-bye to our new friends and left. 2. The customs officer ___ the passengers to fill in the declaration. 3. To___the truth, I don't care what she ___. 4, He___her, " He'll join us as soon as he is off duty." 5. Who is Jane___? 6. If tae boss phones, ___him I'll be in a quarter of an hour. 7. She can't___the language properly. 8. If you want to visit a foreign country you should know what___and how to behave in a country with its own traditions and customs. 9. My elder sister is fond of___on the telephone. 10. Don't trust him. He has___a lie. 11. He likes___about his work. 12. Sorry, what did you___?

 

Exercise 325.

Fill in the blanks with the verb hear or listen in the proper tense and voice,

1. We have___on the radio today that the fares will go up. 2. He is a bad speaker. They always ___ him inattentively because he speaks in a low monotonous voice and they don't___him well. 3. You should always___ what your parents say. 4. Have you___the latest news? 5.1 haven't___from him for a long time. 6. He stopped because he___music in the distance. 7. Stop shouting! I am not deaf. I___you very well. 8. When I came, he was ___a CD. 9.1___you had been promoted. 10. We___ him open the door and enter the house.

 

Exercise 326.

Choose the right verb and put it into the corresponding form.

1.1 felt bad yesterday, so I (lie/lay) in bed all day. 2. She (lie/lay) all her clothes into the suitcase. 3. Please (lie/lay) the book on the table. 4. Mother (sit/set) the basket under the table. 5. She had bad toothache and had to (make/ do) an appointment to see a dentist. 6. What Ann (make/ do) for a living after the divorce? — She (make/do) cakes for sale. She already (make/do) a fortune. 7. you (hear/ listen) his last song? I've got a record of it. Let's (hear/ listen) to it. 8. They (lie/lay) the telephone cable before building the house. 9. After receiving his commission he (rise/raise) and went away. 10„ The chairman (rise/raise) his hand and made a sign for everybody to be silent and began (say/tell/speak/talk). 11. The article (say/tell/speak/ talk) that the situation in the region is rather dangerous. 12. Who (say/tell/speak/talk) you that the agreement had already been signed? 13. She (hear/listen) the news announce. 14. They (sit/set) the bench under a cherry-tree and decided to have a chat (sit/set) in the shade. 15. They (say/tell/speak/talk) it will be raining tomorrow.

Exercise 327.

Translate the following sentences into English using problem verbs.

1. Он попытался сделать все, что от него зависит, чтобы помочь ей расплатиться с долгами. 2. Она поста­вила мясо в духовку, а затем начала готовить пирог. 3. Говорят, что в России очень холодно. Это правда? 4. Он рассмеялся и поднял руки вверх в знак того, что он сдается. 5. Войдя в комнату, она положила сумочку на столик и подошла к зеркалу. 6. Доктор не разрешает тебе вставать, ты должен лежать. 7. Было прохладно, и он решил разжечь костер. 8. Цены на бензин выросли по сравнению с прошлым годом. 9. Его номер занят, наверное, Мэри опять говорит по телефону. 10. Послу­шай, кто-то ходит внизу. — Я ничего не слышу.

Final Test 1

Choose the right variant.

1. Schools___pay___attention to examination___, and more attention___child.

a) may, a few, success, to a

b) can, little, successes, for the

c) must, few, successes, on a

d) should, less, success, to the

2. Can you play___violin? — Yes, and I think___violin is more difficult than___piano.

a) the, the, the

b) a, a, a

c) a, ___, ___

d) the, the, a

3. The Prime Minister left this morning for a tour of___ Far East, He will visit ___ Singapore and ___Malaysia and then go on to___Philippines where he will make___speech about the environment,

a) ___, ___, ___, the, a

b) the, the, the, ___, the

c) the, ___, ___, the, a ^

d) ___, ___, ___, ___, ___ 1

у

4. The King Juan Carlos of the Spain arrived in London today for___visit to___United Kingdom. He___by ___Queen and drove with her to___Buckingham Palace.

a) three days, the, met, the, ___

b) three day, ___, was being met, ___, the

c) a three day, the, was met, the, ___

d) a three day's, the, was meeting, ___,..___

5. When my rich uncle died, he left___half of his fortune to his cat and___other half to a distant relative!

a) a, ___

b)___, an

c)___, the

d)the, the

6. There are___new houses, but th%y have no___ local character; you can see the same style___in the country.

a) a few, a, everywhere

b) less, ___, somewhere

e) some, the, nowhere d) a few, ___, anywhere

7. Do you happen___which is the___planet in our solar system? — Pluto, ___it? I know it is the___away from the sun.

a) to know, smallest, doesn't, farthest

b) to know, smallest, isn't, furthest

c) knowing, smaller, doesn't, farther

d) to have known, small, isn't, far

8. In spite of the fact that Jean always___she's short___money, she___to have a very___paid job.

a) says, of, is said, well

b) tells, for, says, good

c) says, on, talks, good

d) tells, in, is told, well

9. We used to___to bed at___midnight or later Now we are asleep by ten because with our baby we've bad to get used to___up at five o'clock.

a) go, the, wake

b) go, ___, waking

c) going, ___, waking

d) going, the, wake

10. We___to finish the project by the end of the month but we keep___by changes in the plans.

a) hope, to delay

b) have hoped, to be delayed

c) hoped, delaying

d) hope, being delayed

11.1 did not much speak English ___because I couldn't think of the words___enough, but lately I___ much___.

a) first, quick, became, fluent

b) at first, quickly, have become, more fluent

c) firstly, quicker, had become, fluenter

d) the first, more quickly, became, more fluenter

12.1 think it's a pity Rebecca had her hair___short

because she looked much___before.

a) to cut, nicer

b) cutting, more nice

c) cut, nicer

d) to have cut, more nicely

13.1 don't mind___at by him. He threatened___ me last week, but he apologized___me very politely then.

a) shouting, to sack, at

b) being shouting, sacking, in front of

c) be shouted, to have sacked, to

d) being shouted, to sack, to

14. I've tried___the problem with her, but she always she is too busy. I've even tried___her___lunch

vrith me but she refused___.

a) to discuss, says, asking, to, to go

b) to discuss, tells, to ask, for, going

c) discussing, says, to ask, to the, to go

d) discussing, tells, asking, for the, going

15.1___rather she___a chat with him. How long ___like this?

a) would, has, was he

b) had, would have, is he

c) would, had, has he been

d) had, had, had he been

16. His wife who___their baby daughter into the bed___in the parlour___socks.

a) have just put, was sitting, darning

b) had just put, was sitting, darning

c) just put, sat, darned

d) just put, had been sitting, to darn

17.___I knew of the inmates of Moor House, ___I liked them because they were the best people I___.

a) more, better, ever met

b) the most, the best, had ever met

c) more, the best, have ever met

d) the more, the better, had ever met

18. The miles appeared ___ so long that they sometimes thought they___the road.

a) being, had to miss

b) to have been, must miss

c) to be, must have missed

d) having been, were to miss

19. Harry was the first ___that his brother ___ forward___the candidate for this district.

a) to suggest, be put, as

b) suggesting, should put, as

c) suggest, should be put, like

d) to have suggested, were put, like

20.1 always used to arrive___at the office, but since Laurie was born my secretary___used to___me hard at work by the time she gets in.

a) late, has got, finding

b) late, had got, finding

c) lately, got, find

d) later, was got, find

Final Test 2

Choose the right variant.

1 I___him for a year and more, but he looked up at me as if I___in yesterday.

a) have not seen, was

b) did not see, were

c) had not seen, had been

d) have not seen, have been

2. Can he___? — Yes, and even turned red. He was worth___at.

a) get embarrassed, to look

b) have got embarrassed, being looked

c) have got embarrassed, looking

d) has embarrassed, to have looked

3. He wished he ___there longer. He had looked forward to___the sights of this old town.

a) hasn't stayed, seeing

b) didn't stay, to see

c) stayed, having seen '

d) had stayed, seeing

4." ___nineteen he made a petty tour with his mother, father and sister: ___ Brussels, ___ Rhine, ___ Switzerland, ___Italian Alps and, of course, Paris.

a) aged, ___, the, ___, the

b) aging, the, ___, ___, the

c) age, ___, the, ___, ___

d) having aged, the, ___, the, ___

5. The sightseeing came to an end, and___to___ Hague.

a) neither our visit was, ___

b) so did our visit, the

c) so our visit did, the

d) neither was our visit, ___

6. " If you don't want to be late for lunch, you___ better___and have your bath, " ___Mother said___a loud voice.

a) would, go, ___, with

b) had, go, ___, in

c) would, to go, the, in

d) had, go, the, with

7. " It looks as if we ___going to have ___good flying weather tomorrow, " said Mr. Sunbury.

a) are, a

b) will be___

c) would be, the

d) were, ___

8. The past flood is reported not_______damage to the crops.

a) caused, many

b) to have caused, much

c) to cause, much

d) having caused, many

9. Looking back upon that time, I thought that all ___different___for the interference of my parents.

a) might have been, were it not

b) may be, were it not

c) might have been, had it not been

d) may be, had it not been

10. And I began to see that___man-mustn't live for any more. He's got___of.___others.

a)___, him, to think, the

d) a, himself, to think, ___

c) the, oneself, thinking, ___

d)___, hisself, to think, the

11. Why are you talking___loudly and making___ much noise? It is high time you_______business.

a) such, such, got, to

b) so, so, got, down to

c) such, so, will get, at

d) so, such, have got, over

12. If he takes___alcohol and gets___your nerves they will be grateful___you if you let them___.

a) up, to, for, to know

b) on, on, to, to know

c) to, on, to, know

d) at, upon, for, know

13. After___a bad match the team captain insisted that they___things___.

a) so, should take, easily

b) such, would take, easily c)so, take, easy

d) such, should take, easy

14.1 don't remember___that they have moved___ another flat.

a) them to mention, to

b) their mentioning, to

c) them mentioning, at

d) them to have mentioned, into

15. It will be so kind ___you if you can get this banknote___for me.

a) to, cashed

b) of, cashed

c) from, to cash

d) on, cashing

16.1 am right, ___I? He hasn't come. So there has been nothing to discuss, ___?

a) aren't, hasn't there

b) amn't, has there

c) aren't, has there

d) amn't, hasn't there

17. Most of us___plenty of things that we are not ___to have. We must___it.

a) wants, alike, take to

b) want, like, give away

c) wants, unlikely, take off

d) want, likely, put up with

18. He got me___that he did not want the story___ on.

a) understood, let

b) to understand, to let

c) to understand, to let

d) understand, let

19.___the first lines___he remembered___these words somewhere else.

a) hardly had he read, when, reading

b) hardly he read, than, to read

c) hardly he had read, when, reading

d) hardly he read, when, read

20. You___till I came back. I___late.

a) may wait, have been working

b) might have waited, had been working

c) must be waiting, had worked

d) should wait, have worked

Keys

Unitl The Noun

Exercise 1

A stories, plays, glasses, flags, photos, names, matches, knives, bushes, chiefs, pages, radios, roofs, prizes, sets, keys, factories, wolves, pianos, classes, cups, cities

В children, geese, men, feet, -mice, women, sheep, people, deer, teeth, oxen

С criteria, data, formulae/formulas, crises, stimuli, indices/indexes, phenomena, media, oases, nuclei, memoranda, bases, radii, analyses, symposia, hypotheses

D fellow-workers, merry-go-rounds, men-of-war, passers-by, sisters-in-law, forget-me-nots, room-mates, lilies-of-the-valley, ticket-holders, commanders-in-chief, governor-generals

Exercise 2

Countable nouns: leaf, computer, list, job, language, country, permit, beach, window, holiday, scene, pigeon, mountain, accident, laugh

Uncountable nouns: furniture, coffee, food, blood, work, advice, information, money, progress, permission, baggage, luggage, traffic, weather, knowledge, air, water, damage, accommodation, scenery, bread, luck, news, flouer, laughter

Exercise 3

1. Окна в его машине сделаны из небьющегося стек­ла. 2. Он дал мне стакан воды. 3. Это произведения Шекспира. 4. Его нет дома, он на заводе. Он устанавли-вает новое оборудование. 5. Он считает, что его работа довольно скучная. 6. У тебя есть весы? Я хочу взве-сить рыбу. 7. Во многих странах температуру измеря­ют до шкалам Цельсия или Фаренгейта. 8. Я разлил воду, дай мне тряпку, пожалуйста. 9. Ты купила ткань на занавески? 10. У него есть страховой полис на ма­шину. 11. Она всегда критикует политику правитель­ства. 12. Мне нужен утюг, чтобы погладить платье. 13. Эти предметы сделаны из железа. 14. На столе нет ни соли, ни перца. 15. Он посадил в теплицу несколько перцев. 16. Хотите шоколад? 17. Она взяла конфету из коробки. 18. Каждый день он встречается со многими людьми. 19. Много различных народов живет в Азии. 20. У них очень прибыльная компания где-то в Юж­ной Африке. 21. Бизнес — неотъемлемая часть аме­риканского образа жизни.

Exercise 4

lr, 2s, За, 4р, 5n, 6b, 7о, 81, 9f, 10i, llg, 12h, 13j, 14t, 15c, 16m, 17k, 18e, 19q, 20d

Exercise 5

1) a stroke of luck; 2) a flash of lightening, a clap of thunder;, 3) how many pieces of luggage; 4) another piece of cake; 5) a bar of milk chocolate; 6) a puff of smoke; 7) how many lumps of sugar; 8) an article/a piece of furniture; 9) a tube of brown shoe polish; 10) a piece/a bit of information

Exercise 6

cattle, scissors, pyjamas, police, goods, pants, outskirts, Premises, spectacles, clothes, stairs, shorts, tights, congratulations, scales, lodgings, foundations, authorities, contents, looks, traffic-lights, tongs, headphones, binoculars, trousers

Exercise 7

Singular Plural Singular Plural
means means mouse mice
V scissors species species
penny pence V contents
Frenchman Frenchmen athletics V
Roman Romans series series
photo photos knowledge V
physics V foot feet
cloth V phenomenon phenomena
sheep sheep V clothes
half halves basis bases
news V headquarters headquarters
sleeve sleeves Japanese Japanese

Exercise 8

1) news; 2) contents; 3) goods; 4) datum; 5) goals; 6) police; 7) equipment; 8) potato; 9) bird; 10) wolves;

11) barracks; 12) accommodation; 13) premises; 14) path; 15) travel

Exercise 9

l)have; 2) was; 3) are; 4) consists; 5) was; 6) wps, were; 7) are, are; 8) are; 9) is; 10) is; 11) were;

12) consists; 13) has; 14) is; 15) are

Exercise 10

A 1) were; 2) are; 3) is; 4) is (was); 5) is; 6) is; 7) is; 8) is; 9) is; 10) are; 11) is; 12) are; 13) are; 14) is, is; 15) are

V 01) are; 2) are; 3) are; 4) are; 5) was; 6) is, are; 7) are; 8)is; 9) are; 10) is; 11) is; 12) is; 10) w ere; 14) are; 15) are

Exercise 11

lg, 2a, 3b, 4j, 5h, 61, 7f, 8d; 9c, lOe

Exercise 12

1. We had such terrible weather that we left the hotel in the country (we did not have heating there) and took accommodation with a fireplace in town instead. 2. Yesterday I got permission to go there. What about you? Have you got your permits? 3.1 love French impressionists but I would need advice from a specialist before I bought any. My knowledge in that area is very poor. 4. Her^work is definitely making great progress these days. She has done a lot of research lately. 5. Have you heard that Jack's lodgings are in London, but on the outskirts of the city? This is interesting news, isn't it? 6. The police are looking for the animinals who escaped last night. The information about them was sent to all the police stations of the district. 7. Political and economic crises are frequent for Africa. 8. How much luggage/many pieces of luggage are you taking? Oh, I think you won't be able to cope with it. You'll have to hire a porter. 9. Last week was awful for her. She had two teeth pulled out, her children got ill and finally her husband lost money. 10. The tights are too loose for her.

Exercise 13

1. His advice is always so convincing. Why do you never follow it? 2. What nasty weather! It's better to stay at home in such rainy weather. 3. She is making good progress in English. 4.1 am surprised that she (has) believed this strange news. I am afraid, it is not true. Who told it to her? 5.1 think these scales are broken.6. Yesterday I put money here. Where is it? I can't find it. 7.1 think that the premises for our shop are quite good. 8.1 don't like these jeans. I think that pair of jeans is better. 9. The crew were ready to fulfil the order of the captain. 10. Criteria are often changing. 11. Your goods are made very badly. 12. It is necessary to sew new trousers for Nick. I have good blue cloth. 13. He bought a loaf of bread, a carton of milk, a bar of soap, and a tube of toothpaste. 14. The information about the prices is very interesting. 15. There are no traffic-lights, and the crossroads is a very dangerous place. 16. The species of these plants are unknown. 17. Suddenly I heard loud laughter (a loud laugh) behind me. 18. His knowledge in maths is better than mine. 19. Have you taken opera glasses? — No, we needn't them. Our seats are in the second row. 20, The evidence was very important, and he felt that the jury were against him. 21. In England wages are paid every week. 22. The actors were met with applause. 23. My watch is slow. 24. Carrots are rich in vitamins. 25. She thinks that modern clothes are nice and convenient.

Unit 2 Noun Structures

Exercise 14

сердечный приступ, парниковый эффект, предметы роскоши, пешеходный переход, контактная линза, ту­ристическая поездка с предоставлением всего комп­лекса услуг, пищевое отравление, родной язык, регули­рование рождаемости, дорожные работы, права челове­ка, гонка вооружений, будильник, карманные деньги, сенная лихорадка, донор, кровяное давление, обработка данных, проблема отцов и детей, кухонные ножницы, сборочный конвейер, солнцезащитные очки, трудовые ресурсьг, расовые отношения, стеклоочиститель, «утеч-ка мозгов»

Countable: heart attack, pedestrian crossing, contact -lens, package holiday, alarm clock, blood donor, assembly linе, windscreen wiper

Uncountable: food poisoning, birth control, pocket money, hay fever, blood pressure, data processing

Singular: greenhouse effect, mother tongue, arms race, generation gap, labour force, brain drain

Plural: luxury goods, roadworks, human rights, kitchen scissors, sunglasses, race relations

Exercise 15

, lg, 2h, 3d, 4a, 5b, 6j, 7i, 8c, 9e, lOf

Exercise 16

1) a book shop; 2) a newspaper editor; 3) a tax payer;

4) a shoe brush; 5) raisin cake; 6) a car garage; 7) an Insurance company; 8) a leather bag; 9) a pencil sharpener; 16) a check book; 11) a washing machine; 12) a driving licence; 13) a hair dresser; 14) a ticket office; 15) a tin opener

Exercise 17

A 1) a six-foot tall man; 2) a three-mile walk; 3) a half-an-hour programme; 4) a two-hour-and-a-half flight;

5) a four-star hotel; 6) a five-tonne lorry; 7) a fifty-acre field

В 1. He covered a two-mile distance. 2. She had a ten-day holiday in California. 3. They decided to take a three-hour interval. 4. She lives in a sixteen-storey building. 5. She had a five-minute call to Paris. 6. While I was on holiday I met two charming twenty-year old girls. 7. He saw a two-series film yesterday. 8. She bought two five-kilo bags of potatoes. 9. He gave us a fifty-dollar banknote to change. 10.1 wrote a twenty-page composition.

Unit3 The Possessive Case

Exercise 18

A1) Mr. Smith's house; 2) the girls' doll; 3) Rembrandt's works; 4) the baby's toy; 5) the employees' meeting; 6) those women's bags; 7) our boss's orders; 8) the children's books; 9} my parents' cottage; 10) her cousin's garage

В 1) the world's coal deposits; 2) the sun's influence; 3) the earth's atmosphere; 4) life's joys and grieves; 5) the ship's arrival; 6) Greenland's icy mountains; 7) the company's policy; 8) Russia's gold reserves; 9) the planet's gravitation; 10) the commissions decisions

С 1) Kate and Mary's mother; 2) my aunt Ann's children; 3) Picasso's and Bali's paintings; 4) the commander-in-chief's gun; 5) Ivan the Terrible's times; 6) the Minister of Foreign Trade's speech; 7) The Herald Tribune's correspondent; 8) my father-in-law's flat; 9) Henry the Eighth's wives; 10) Saudi Arabia's oil wells

D 1) three weeks* cruise; 2) two hours' work; 3) five kilometers' distance; 4) four hours' operation; 5) three hours' flight; 6) eight weeks' semester; 7) an hour's rest; 8) three acts' play; 9) ninety minutes' match; 10) three minutes' telephone conversation

Exercise 19

1. Every day at noon we have fifteen minutes' break. 2.1 can't understand why he is so tired. He covered a mile's distance only. 3. The walk to the station was short. It took us ten minutes' time. 4. Last year we had two weeks' holiday in Greece. It was terrific.5. If you want to get there, a trip will take you only five hours' time." 6. Don't take a week's training course. It won't do you good, 7.1 had only five hours' sleep because my train came late. 8. Yesterday we had thirty minutes' lesson because our teacher was to leave at 12 o'clock. 9. If you want to have a voyage round Europe, you will need at least three weeks' time 10. I have five days' workweek.

Exercise 20

1. The only thing she wanted was to see the house of her parents again. 2. No one could explain the behaviour of the young girl at supper yesterday. 3. The rugby match

- (which was held) last Sunday was disappointing. Our team lost, 4. The boy was looking through a magazine for children.

5. After a break which lasted an hour we resumed our work.

6. At that time he lived in a little flat for economy's sake.

7. It was a ride which lasted four and a half hours. 8.1 don't like cow's milk. 9. He was puzzled by the visit of Ann and Peter. 10. When Friday came, he was at his wit's ends. 11. She dropped in at the chemist's to buy some aspirin.

12. This is a coat of John, and that is a coat of Peter.

Exercise 21

1. The president arrived in the country with a three-day visit (three days' visit). 2.1 want to buy a pair of shoes. Do you know where the shoe department is here? 3. Nobody knew what to say and there was a moment's (, silence. 4. When he went down to the dining room in the morning, there were the remains of yesterday's supper on the table. 5. The commander-in-chief's report was brief. 6, It seems to me that the generation gap is an eternal / problem. 7. This road is closed. The roadworks are being conducted. 8. Brain drain is an acute problem of developing countries. 9. Do you think it is necessary to..implement birth control in China? 10. Paul and Kate's Arrival was a surprise for aunt Ann. 11. The richest oil deposits are in the Arab Emirates. 12. The problems the Mankind faced at the end of the 20th century are soil, ' water and air pollution, and also greenhouse effect. 13, After two hours' (a two-hour) walk everybody felt - hungry. 14. The portrait of Rembrandt's wife is one of the most famous pictures of the artist. 15. This is a three-hundred-year castle.

Unit 4 Quantifiers

Exercise 22

1) little; 2) a few; 3) little; 4) a little; 5) little; 6) a little; 7) little, a little; 8) few; 9) a few; 10) a little; 11) a few; 12) little; 13) little; 14) few; 15) a little

Exercise 23

1) a few; 2) few; 3) a little; 4) few; 5) a few; 6) a few; 7) little; 8) few; 9) a little; 10) a few; 11) a little; 12) few; 13) a little; 14) a few; 15) a little

Exercise 24

1. Only a few pupils wrote the test. 2. Few people live to be 80 in Russia. 3.1 have little time for studying. 4. He had quite a few mistakes in his dictation. 5. She has got a little time to prepare for the report.

Exercise 25


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