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Practice reading the following word combinations and sentences. Learn them by heart.




as a rule [ru:l] как правило

I don't feel hungry early in the morning я не чувствую голода рано утром

I usually have a light breakfast у меня обычно легкий завтрак

I am a hearty ['ha:ti] eater я люблю хорошо поесть

I always have a big breakfast у меня всегда большой завтрак

Learn the dialogue by heart.

A: What do you usually have for breakfast?

B: Well, as a rule, I don't feel hungry early in the morning, so I usually have a light breakfast: just a sandwich with cheese or sausage and a cup of strong tea with lemon. What about you?

A: Oh, I am a hearty eater, and I always have a big breakfast. I begin with a plate of porridge, then I eat bacon and eggs, after which I have a cup of tea with a piece of cake or some cookies. I like my tea with a lot of sugar.

Practice reading the following word combinations and sentences. Learn them by heart.

before going to school перед тем, как идти в школу

left over from yesterday оставшееся со вчерашнего дня

has no breakfast at all совсем не завтракает

she just drinks a cup of tea просто пьет чашку чаю

a spoonful of jam ложка варенья

the first to get up встает первым

the last to get up встает последним

still asleep еще спит /спят/

to leave home for work уходить из дома на работу

my father likes to have a big breakfast мой папа любит плотный, завтрак

he usually eats something hot он обычно ест что-нибудь горячее

a piece of roast [roust] meat кусок жареного мяса

he doesn't like sugar in his coffee он не любит кофе с сахаром

4. Read the text:

Some people have three meals a day, others have four. I usually have four meals.

My first meal is breakfast. I have it early in the morning before going to school. As a rule, I don't feel hungry early in the morning, so I always have a light breakfast. I eat a sandwich with cheese or sausage, or scrambled eggs with a slice of bread and butter. After it I drink a cup of black coffee with a lot of sugar. I am fond of coffee and drink it everyday.

My sister doesn't like eggs and she usually has a sandwich or a couple of toasts and a cup of tea. Buther favourite breakfast is a piece of cake or a fancy-cake left over from yesterday.

My mother usually has no breakfast at all. Sometimes she just drinks a cup of tea with milk and eats a spoonful of jam with a little slice of white bread.

My father likes to have a big breakfast. He usually eats something hot – a piece of roast meat or a cutlet with potatoes or macaroni. He drinks a cup of coffee without sugar: he doesn't like sugar in his coffee.

Some people like porridge for breakfast. They say porridge is very healthy food, and we must begin our day with a plate of porridge.

The English usually have a big breakfast. The traditional English breakfast is a plate of porridge, bacon and eggs and a cup of tea with toast and jam or marmalade.

There are four members in our family, and on week days we have our breakfast at different times. My mother is the first to get up in the morning. She prepares breakfast for the family and wakes up my father. They have breakfast together when my sister and I are still asleep. We are the last to get up, and we have breakfast when father and mother are getting ready to leave home for work.

On Sunday, when everybody is at home, we have breakfast together. For our Sunday breakfast we have the same food as on week days: sandwiches with cheese or sausage, scrambled eggs or soft-boiled eggs. Sometimes we have cottage cheese and sour cream for breakfast. But our favourite Sunday breakfast is pancakes, which we eat with butter or sour cream, with jam or honey.

Answer the following questions.


1. How many meals a day do people have?

2. How many meals a day do you usually have?

3. What is your first meal?

4. What do you have for breakfast?

5. Do you feel hungry early in the morning?

6. Do you usually have a light breakfast or a big one?

7. What does your brother (sister, mother, etc.) have for breakfast? '

8. Do you drink tea or coffee at breakfast?

9. Do you like strong or weak tea?

10. Do you like your tea with a lot of sugar?

11. What is your favourite breakfast?

12. Do you like porridge for breakfast?

13. Do you agree that porridge is very healthy food?

14. Why don't you eat porridge for breakfast?

15. What does a traditional English breakfast consist of?


Using the material of the text above, describe in detail the breakfast time in your family.

Practice reading the following word combinations and sentences. Learn them by heart.

be quick about it поторопитесь

you'll be late for school опоздаете в школу

what is there for breakfast? что на завтрак?

that's fine чудесно

no eggs for me мне яиц не надо

pass me the salt передай мне соль

here you are на /возьми, пожалуйста/

don't spill the tea не разлей чай

you may scald [sko:ld] yourself ты можешь ошпариться

can I have cocoa instead [in'sted] of tea? можно мне какао вместо чая?

I just hate it! я его просто терпеть не могу

these cookies are delicious это печенье чудесное

can I have another one? можно мне еще одно?

help yourself пожалуйста /угощайся/

Learn the following dialogue.

MOTHER. Now, children, sit down and be quick about it, or you'll be late for school.

JANE. And what is there for breakfast?

MOTHER. Sausage, cheese, eggs, bread and butter.

PETER. That's fine. I like sausage and eggs.

JANE. No eggs for me. Just a sandwich with sausage, please.

MOTHER. О. K.

PETER. Pass me the salt, Jane.

JANE. Here you are.

PETER. Can I have tea with lemon? I like tea with lemon very much.

MOTHER. All right. Here you are. Be careful. Don't spill the tea. It's very hot, you may scald yourself.

PETER. No fear. Thank you. Mom.

JAKE. Can I have cocoa instead of tea, Mom?

MOTHER. You are welcome.

PETER. I don't like cocoa. I just hate it!

JANE. You don't understand anything. Oh, Mom, these cookies are delicious! Can I have another one?

MOTHER. Of course, help yourself.

PETER. One for me, please.

MOTHER. Here you are.

PETER. Thank you.

MOTHER. When will you be home from school?

PETER. Some time about two.

JANE. I'll be home early today. We have only four lessons.

Render the contents of the dialogue in indirect speech.

Practice reading the following word combinations and sentences. Learn them by heart.

what do we have for dinner? что у нас на обед?

for the first course на первое

for the second course на второе

anything for the dessert? есть что-нибудь на десерт?

what shall I cook for dinner? что приготовить на обед?

we haven't had roast chicken for dinner for a long time у нас давно не было на обед жареной курицы

shall I cook liver for dinner? приготовить на обед печень?

do we have any mushroom soup left? у нас остался грибной суп?

I'll presently [‘prezntli] warm it up сейчас разогрею

help me lay the table помоги мне накрыть на стол

Learn the following bits of conversation by heart.

What is there for dinner (What do we have for dinner)?

Chicken broth for the first course and fried fish and mashed potatoes for the second course.

Anything for the dessert?

Yes, orange juice and fresh fruit.

What shall I cook for dinner?

Cook roast chicken, please. We haven't had roast chicken for dinner for a long time.

Shall I cook liver for dinner?

Oh, great! Liver is very tasty.

Do we have any mushroom soup left?

Yes. I'll presently warm it up. And you help me lay the table.

А. О. K.

Practice reading the following words, word combinations and sentences. Learn them by heart.

I have my lunch at the school canteen я завтракаю в школьном буфете

a couple of frankfurters пара сосисок

a slice of brown bread ломтик черного хлеба

dinner is the biggest meal of the day обед – самая большая еда дня

on week days в рабочие дни

the main course of the dinner is soup главное блюдо обеда – суп

it isn't good to eat much in the evening вечером много есть нехорошо

a long-standing tradition старая традиция

nowadays в наши дни

they have both у них бывает то и другое

like us как у нас

Read the text.

The second meal of the day is lunch. People usually have it at work. As a rule, lunch is a light meal.

I have my lunch at the school canteen. For lunch I have vegetable salad and a sandwich or two with sausage or cheese, or sometimes a couple of frankfurters and a slice of brown bread. I drink a glass of tea or juice.

Dinner is the biggest meal of the day. Some people have dinner at work, others have it at home when they come from work.

On week days it is difficult to gather the whole family for dinner, because people finish work at different times. But on Sunday we always have dinner together.

Our Sunday dinner usually begins with an appetizer: a little salad, or Russian salad, a piece of herring, or perhaps some pickled or marinated mushrooms, tomatoes or cucumbers.

The main course of the dinner is soup, or broth. Broth with meat pies is very tasty.

For the second course we have roast meat or I stewed meat and fried or boiled potatoes, or sometimes macaroni or spaghetti. I like roast chicken and mashed potatoes for dinner.

Many people like to have fish for dinner. For the dessert we drink a glass of mineral water or lemonade or juice. Sometimes we have fresh or canned fruit.

Supper is the last meal of the day. Supper must be a light meal, because it isn't good to eat much in the evening. The proverb says,

"After dinner sleep a while,

After supper walk a mile."

We usually have a cup of tea and sandwiches for supper. We also may have sponge-cake, biscuits, rolls or buns, or pies with jam or marmalade. Meat pies, or pies with cabbage and eggs are also very tasty.

The English have lunch at about 12 or 1 o'clock. Usually it is a light meal: a sandwich or two, rolls or buns and a glass of tea or juice.

At 5 o'clock in the afternoon the English have tea. The 5 o'clock tea is a famous English tradition. As a rule, the whole family gathers at home for the 5 o'clock tea.

In the evening the English have dinner or supper. Supper and dinner in England is practically the same meal, only for dinner you have soup and for supperyou don't. It is a long-standing tradition. But nowadays in many families they have both, like us: dinner in the middle of the day and supper in the evening.





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