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Topic vocabulary in contrast


A Complete using the correct form of the words in the box.


1.John Sanders, MP, _________ any involvement in the scandai when asked about it yesterday.

2.The politician _________ to say more when questioned bv reporters this morning.

3.Johnny Depp rarely _________ invitations to do interviews.

4.Johnny Depp _________ to appear at a press conference to promote his latest film.

5.Did you see the newspaper _________ this morning?

6.If you give every paragraph of your report a _________, it'll be easier to read.

7.Living Today has got a special _________ this month on healthy diets. There areinterviews with nutritionists, menus, recipes, and toads of other things too.

8.There's an interesting _________ in the paper about the Constitution thе European Union.

9.  I generally trust what I hear on the news, but rarefy beWeve anting I read inthe _________.

10.The _________ involve print journalism, TV, radio and even electronic forms of communication such as the Internet.

11.We interrupt this programme to bring you an urgent _________

12.And we'll be back with our regular _________ at seven o'clock.

deny refuse
agree accept
heading headline
feature article
press media
bulletin newflash


В   Circle the correct word or phrase.

1. It's a great computer programme/program onceyou

2. I hate tabloid/broadsheet newspapers; they're just full of gossip, scandal and lies!

3. As a journalist/columnist for a local paper, you don’t have to interviewpeople or events.You just have to express your opinions abou the issues of the day.

4. There's a great talk/quiz/game show on BBC1 tonight. Contestants have to race through a supermarket as quickly as they сan, filling up their trolleys as they go.

5. On some TV channels, an announce/ а commenter tells you what the next programme is going to be.

6. Join us at half past nine for a live broadcast/chanel of the State Opening of Parliament.


Phrasal verbs

С   Write one one word in each gap.

1.Please do not _________ over your examination papers until you are instructed to do so.

2. I had to _________ in so many forms. It took me hours!

3. I'd like everyone here to _________ forward as many suggestions as possible.

4. There was a guy in the street _________ out free tickets to that new quiz show.

5. He _________ out that he'd worked in children's TV, but in fact he's never been near a TVstudio!

6. Could you _________ up her number in the phone book?

7. She _________ out as one of the finest contemporary British novelists around at themoment.


D   Complete each second sentence using the word given, so that it has a similar meaning to the firstsentence. Write between two and five words in each gap.

1. Her latest bestseller was published last month.                                                          out

Her latest bestseller ___________________ last month.

2. That story's not true, is it?                                                                                           up

You___________________ didn't you?

3. The programme starts at half past six.                                                                        on

The programme ___________________ at half past six.

4. The documentary didn't really explore why the rainforests are being cut down.                  into

The documentary didn't really_____________why therainforests are being cut down.

5. I had a quick look at the magazine in the dentist's waiting room.                              through

I___________________ in the dentist's waiting room.

6. I don't think we need to mention that now.                                                               up

I don't think we need to ___________________ now.

7. Your lies don't fool me!                                                                                              through

I can ___________________ your lies!


Phrases and collocations

E   Choose the correct answer.

1.It's not always easy to … the difference between fact and opinion.

A make             С say

В do                    D tell

2. The debate will … place tonight.

A be                    С take

В have                    D make

3. In my … freedom of the press must be maintained.

A mind             С sight

В view                    D thought

4. Media mogul Ronald Morduck has … control of another tabloid.

A made             С given

В found            D taken

5. They … a description of the robber on CrimeTime and it sounded like you!

A made             С said

В told                    D gave

6. J. K. Rowling has ... an enormous influence on children's literature.

A had                    С done

В given             D set

7. I could spend hours … the Internet!

A surfing          С sailing

В diving            D swimming

8. They said … the news that the price of petrol is going up again.

A from                          С on

В in                    D at

9. The issue … question is more complex than you think.

A from                          С on

В in                    D at

10. Watch … for words like'so-called'in articles as they express the writer's bias.

A about             С over

В around           D out


Word patterns

F   Each of the words in bold is incorrect. Rewrite them correctly.

1. He's been described by several critics for our greatest living poet.    _________

2. I think you've confused tabloids by broadsheets. _________

3. Do you believe about telepathy?_________

4. There's no point of trying to get an interview with him. He never does interviews!_________

5. According from this report, scientists have discovered a new planet._________

6. The facts in this article don't correspond about my own experience at all._________


G   Water has damaged part of this text about an anouncement. Read it and decide what you think each of the original words was. Write the words in the blank spaces.


The editor sent an e-mail _________ every journalist on the news desk        1_________

Announcing _________ there would be an emergency editorial meeting        2_________

at one o'clock. I had heard _________ the problems the paper was facing       3_________

and I heard _________ one of my colleagues that the paper might be         4_________

going to close. Whatever it was, it was likely _________ be bad news.        5_________

At the meeting, the editor told us _________ to tell anyone else yet, but        6_________

the paper had been taken over by Ronald Morduck. He said he had

only been informed _________ the decision that morning. We were all        7_________

so surprised _________ the news that nobody knew what to say. I made        8_________

a comment _________ a colleague that it was time to start looking for a        9_________

new job.The editor heard this, and finally managed to persuade us not

_________ quit until we had seen what changes would be made.                     10_________

Word formation

H Complete the sentences by changing the form of the word in capitals when this is necessary.

1. Why do press photographers think they can turn up at a celebrity's house completely _________ (ANNOUNCE)?

2. How many means of_________ (COMMUNICATE) do you use on a regular basis?

3. Could you write an_________ (EDIT) for the next issue of the school magazine?

4. You have to have a sense of_________ (HUMOUR) to work on children's TV!

5. There's an_________ (WRITE) rule on tabloid newspapers that the truth always takes second place to a good story.

6. When Jill was at_________ (SECOND) school she used to dream of being a DJ on localradio.

7. Are you thinking of a career in_________ (JOURNAL)?

8. You don't actually get a lot of_________ (INFORM) from a news report on radio or TV.


I Complete the text by changing the form of the word in capitals.


Ilove watching (1)_________ (DISCUSS) programmes, and I love politics, so you'd thinkI'd enjoy watching (2) _________ (POLITICS) being interviewed on TV. But I don't. All toooften, (3)_________ (JOURNAL) ask them the most (4)_________ (RIDICULE)questions, and, when they do get an interesting question, I sit there watching in(5)_________ (BELIEVE) as some of the most (6)_________ (POWER) people in thecountry give totally (7)_________ (CONVINCE) responses. It's as if they don't care whethertheir reply is (8)_________ (BELIEVE) or not. Often, they're very poor (9)_________ (COMMUNICATE), and they're frequently even more (10)_________ (INFORM) about keyissues than I am. I don't expect them to be particularly (11)_________ (HUMOUR) - they areserious people, after all - but at least they could say something interesting occasionally. It makes me want to stand for election myself!


UNITS 7 and 8                  REVIEW 4


A If a line is correct, put a tick (/) next to the number. If there is an extra word in a line, write it next to the number.


1_________ Last month, I wrote to a few local television station asking if

2_________ they gave away the free tickets to any shows. A week later,

3_________ they sent to me two tickets for a quiz show. I went with my

4_________ best friend Angie last night. It was an excellent! The show

5_________ is called KnowThem Or Not? and contestants have to

6_________ answer questions about a lots of different people in their lives,

7_________ like friends, relatives and colleagues.There are ten contestants

8_________  to start with but one of them gets knocked out at the end of

9_________ each round. I'd like to go into on a show like that one day

10_________ but, for now, I'm much happy just to have been in the audience.

(1 mark per answer)


В Complete the sentences by changing the form of the word in capitals when this is necessary.

11. Why can't _________ (POLITICS) ever just say ‘yes’ or ‘no’ when they’re asked if they agree with something?

12. I was hoping this book would help me with my history project but in fact it wasn't very _________ (INFORM).

13. My cousin Dan has kept a _________ (JOURNAL) since he was twelve years old.

14. Did you hear that _________ (ANNOUNCE) on the radio about the water shortage?

15. There's an _________ (WRITE) rule in our house about how late we can stay up towatch TV.

16. I just stood there in_________ (BELIEVE) when I heard I'd been selected to go on thequiz show.

17. The Internet is an incredibly powerful means of_________ (COMMUNICATE).

18. I wouldn't describe the film as a comedy, but one or two scenes are mildly_________ (HUMOUR).

(1 mark per answer)


С Complete the second sentence using the word given, so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence. Write befween two and five words in each gap.

19. These two dictionaries are similar.                                                                            little

There _________ these two dictionaries.

20. My first editor greatly influenced me.                                                                      influence

My first editor _________ me.

21. They described the robber on the evening news.                                                      gave

They _________ the robber on the evening news.

22. Robert Maxdoch has just bought the newspaper.                                                     control

The newspaper is now _________ Robert Maxdoch.

23. You'll be wasting your time if you try to get tickets for that show.                         point

There _________ to get tickets for that show.

24. I believe that adverts do influence people's buying habits.                                      view

It _________ that adverts do influence people's buying habits.

25. The prime minister will probably make a statement this afternoon.                         likely

The prime minister _________ a statement this afternoon.

26. A programme about the royal family will be shown instead of Friends this evening. place

This evening, _________ Friends, a programme about the royal family will be shown.

27. The Hollywood star wouldn't say anything about the allegations.                           comment

The Hollywood star refused _________ the allegations.

(2 marks per answer)

D Use the words in the box only once to complete the sentences in Table A. The meaning of the sentences in Table В will help you. There is one word you won't need.

few • little • lot • lots • many • most • much • some

Table A Table В
28. How … information do we have at themoment? asking about an amount
29. Only a … print journalists manage to moveinto television. describing a small amount
30. This magazine's got … of adverts in it. describing a large amount
31.I won … money on a quiz show once. describing an imprecise amount
32. There's … chance of getting rich from starting a website. describing a small amount
33.I think that … children's TV programmes these days are educational. describing a majority
34. There aren't … opportunities for poets to get published. describing a small amount

(1 mark per answer)


E  Choose the correct answer.

35. The programme usually … on at half past eight.

A looks             С turns

В does                    D comes

36. I saw the interview while I was … through a magazine at the hairdresser's.

A clicking              С picking

В flicking          D ticking

37. Why did you have to bring that subject … at dinner?

A up                    С over

В out                    D off

38. They mentioned it in the article but they didn't … into detail.

A make             С come

В take                    D go

39. The tabloids completely … that story about Bruce Willis. It's not true at all!

A stood out           С made up

В filled in         D turned over

40. They were … out free tickets to the concert to everyone in the shopping centre.

A handing             С carrying

В holding              D bringing

41. We had the volume turned down, so I couldn't make … what they were talking about.

A up                    С in

В out                    D off

(1 mark per answer)

Total mark: ….. /50


UNIT 9                            Grammar

• Conditionals: zero, first, second, third, mixed, inverted / unless, in case, as/so long as, provided (that)

 ( Zero conditional )

Form •       if+ present simple, present simple

Use Example
General or scientific facts and definitions If you have faith in something, you believe in something you cannot prove.


( First conditional )

Form •       if+ a present tense, will + bare infinitive

Use Example


Real or likely conditions in the present or future and their results in the present and future

If you have a birthday party, you'll get loads of cool presents!
If you're working till half past six, we'll have dinner at about eight.
If you have revised properly, you won't have any problems in the test next week.


•We can also use may, might, can, could, shall, should, ought to, have to instead of will, depending on the meaning.

If you have a birthday party, you might get loads of cool presents!

•We can also use should + bare infinitive instead of present simple. This suggests the situation is possible, but unlikely to happen.

If you should bump into Alex at the concert, you'll be able to get a lift home.

•We can also use a form of the first conditional to give instructions about real or likely situations in the present or future.This is: if+ a present tense, imperative.

If you decide to have a birthday party, tell me!


( unless, in case, as/so long as, provided (that)

Word or Phrase Meaning Example
unless 'except if'or 'if... not' I'll be there at six unlessI get delayed. (= except if I get delayed / if I don't get delayed)
in case 'because he/she/it/etc might' Let's take our wellies in case it's muddy. (= because it might be muddy)
as/so long as 'if' or'only if' As long as I'm happy, my parents don't care what job I do. So long as I'm happy, my parents don't care what job I do.
provided (that) 'if' or'only if' Provided (that) I'm happy, my parents don't care what job I do.


( Second conditional )

Form •       if+ past simple or past continuous, would + bare infinitive

Use Example
Impossible, unlikely or hypothetical conditions in the present or future and their results in the present or future If you had a beard, you would look just like Charles Dickens! If you were flying to Rio, would you get there much quicker?
  Advice If Iwere you, Iwould think very carefully about my future. (more formal) If Iwas you, I'd have a party at the weekend! (more informal)


•We can also use might or could instead of would, depending on the meaning. (Note: could here often means would be able to.)

✓If we were older, we could goon holiday on our own.

•We can also use could in the //clause. Here, it means was/were able to.

✓If I could drive, I'd buy a car.


( Third conditional )

Form •       if+ past perfect (simple or continuous), would + have + past participle

Use Example
Hypothetical conditions in the past and their results in the past If you had worn a fake beard, no one would have known who you were! (= You didn't wear a fake beard so people knew who you were.) If she'd been wearing her new glasses, Iwould have noticed them. (= She wasn't wearing her new glasses so I didn't notice them.)


• We can also use might, could or should instead of would, depending on the meaning.

✓If I had done some revision, I might / could /should have passed the exam.


( Mixed conditionals )

Form •       if+ past perfect (simple or continuous), would + bare infinitive

Use Example
Hypothetical past conditions and a present result If I had listened to my parents, Iwouldn't be in so much trouble now. (= I didn't listen to my parents so I'm in lots of trouble now.)

Form •       if+ past perfect (simple or continuous), would + have + past participle

Use Example
Hypothetical present conditions and a past result If I had a mobile, Iwould have called you last night. (= I don't have a mobile so I didn't call you last night.)

( Inverted conditionals )

Form •       Should I/you/he/etc... insteadofIf I/you/he/etc should...

Were I/you/he/etc... insteadofIf I/you/he/etc were...

Had I/you/he/etc... insteadofIf I/you/he/etc had...

Use Example
More formal form of the first conditional (withshould) Should the situation worsen, the United Nations is prepared to send in a peacekeeping force. (= If the situation should worsen...)
More formal form of the second conditional Were the situation to worsen, the United Nations would be prepared to send in a peacekeeping force. (= If the situation were to worsen...)
More formal form of the third conditional Had the situation worsened, the United Nations would have been prepared to send in a peacekeeping force. (= If the situation had worsened...)


• For all conditional sentences (first, second, third, mixed, inverted), when the condition comes before the result it is usually followed by a comma. When the result comes first, no comma is necessary.

✓If I had a mobile, I would have called you last night.

✓I would have called you last night if I had a mobile.

• In conditional sentences, modals (will, would, could, etc) are sometimes followed by a continuous infinitive.

✓We'd still be waiting if you hadn't turned up.

US vs UK Grammar

• With second and third conditionals in informal conversation, speakers of American English sometimes use would or would have in the if clause.This is very unusual in British English.

US: How would you feel if this happened / would happen to you?

UK: How would you feel if this happened to you?

US: I would have felt awful if that had happened / would have happened to me.

U К: I would have felt awful if that had happened to me.


A   Write Yes or No to answer the questions about each sentence.

1. If Carl doesn't come to the party, I'll be really upset.

Is it possible that Carl won't come to the party? _________

2. If my neighbour became prime minister, he'd give everyone a million euros.

Is it likely that the neighbour will become prime minister? _________

Is it possible that the neighbour will become prime minister? _________

3. If Helen weren't here, I don't know what we'd do.

Is Helen here now? _________

4. If Tarek had had enough money, he'd have bought a car.

DidTarek have enough money? _________

Did he buy a car? _________

5. If Debbie hadn't gone to the UK, she wouldn't have met Will.

Did Debbie go to the UK? _________

Did she meet Will? _________

6. If the police had investigated the case thoroughly, they wouldn't have arrested Keren.

Did the police investigate the case thoroughly? _________

Did they arrest Keren? _________

7. Had she not gone to university, she might not have started her own business.

Did she go to university? _________

Did she start her own business? _________


В Complete the definitions using your own ideas.


If you trust someone, you believe that they won't let you down.

1. If you bully someone, ___________________________

2. If you accuse someone, _________________________

3. If you area liar, ________________________________

4. If you are rich, ________________________________

5. If you are lucky, _______________________________

6. If you are lazy, ________________________________

7. If you look up to someone, __________________________

8. If you look down on someone, __________________________


С Complete using the correct form of the verbs in the box.

be • call • find • forget • get • leave • see • take • want • work

1. If she ________ at five o'clock, she'll be there by half past seven.

2. We ________ you if we have any problems.

3. It might not be a good idea to go out tonight if you ________ an important test in the morning.

4. Ifyou ________ ill all day, you shouldn't come to the club tonight.

5. If you should ________ my wallet, call me on my mobile immediately!

6. Let's get a different DVD if you ________ that one already.

7. If Sean ________ so hard lately, he'll welcome the chance to have a few days off.

8. If you're going into town, ________ a video for tonight while you're there!

9. Ifyou see Carol tonight, ________ to say hello from me!

10. Don't feel you have to come ifyou ________ to.


D  Circle the correct word or phrase.

1. This time in six months I'll be at university unless / if I decide to take a year off first.

2. We'd better leave early tomorrow unless / in case there's a lot of traffic when we get to Doncaster.

3. You can watch the film as long as / in case you promise to go straight to bed when it finishes.

4. Let's go to Mirabella's tonight unless / if you haven't been there before.

5. Unless / So long as I've still got my health, I don't mind how poor I am!

6. You'd better take a sweater with you now if / in case it gets cold tonight.

7. Do what you like provided / unless you don't make any noise.

8. I'm not going to worry unless / as long as she hasn't called by midnight.


E   Write sentences using the second conditional.

Example: I don't want to buy that CD so I'm not going to. If I wanted to buythat CD, I would.

1. I don't live alone so I don't get lonely.

2. Don's got such a lot of homework that he's not going to play football tonight.

3. I can't swim so I'm not going scuba diving with Terry.

4. We're not going to order a pizza because we don't have enough money.

5. We're not staying in the same hotel, so we can't share a room.

6. I'm not you, but I think you should call Antony right now!

7. I can't come because I have to help my dad with something.

8. I don't go to bed as late as you so I'm able to get up early in the morning.


F   Read the text and complete the sentences using the third conditional.

Some scientists, such as Stephen Hawking, believe it's possible that there are billions and billions of universes. Each universe has a different possible consequence for every action. In the universe we live in, for example, George Bush became President of the USA in January 2001, and Greece won the European Cup in July 2004. But in other universes different things happened. Imagine if that's true! In some universes, your parents didn't meet, so you weren't born. In another universe, a meteor didn't strike the Earth, so the dinosaurs didn't become extinct. In a different universe, your best friend won the lottery last summer and moved to a bigger house. In another parallel universe, you started learning English a year earlier, so you did this book last year! Somewhere else, Madonna wasn't discovered, and so didn't make any records. In another universe, Van Gogh was recognised as a great painter during his lifetime, and so didn't die in poverty. And perhaps in several universes, there were enough lifeboats on the Titanic and so everyone on board survived. It makes you think, doesn't it?

1. If I'd started learning English a year earlier,I would have this book last year!

2. If a meteor hadn't struck the Earth,the dinosaurs wouldn’t have become extinct.

3. If my best friend had won the lottery last summer,he\she would have moved to a larger house.

4. If my parentshadn’t met, I wouldn’t have been born.

5. Everyone on board the Titanicwould have survived if there had been enough lifeboats.

6. Van Gogh wouldn’t have died in poverty if he had beeb recognized as a great painter during his lifetime.

7. Madonna wouldn’t have made any records if she hadn’t been discovered.

8. If George Bushhadn’t become President of the USA in January 2001, he wouldn’t have moved to the White House.

9. If Greece hadn’t won the European Cup in July 2004, I wouldn’t have been very upset!


G Choose the correct answer.

If this theory about parallel universes (1) _______ correct, it (2)_______that we're living in more than one universe at the same time. But if that (3)_______true - if I was doing different things in differentuniverses - (4)_______about it. And if I (5)_______about it, how could it be me doing these things? If I (6) _______the lottery last year in a parallel universe, and decided to sail round the world, how isthat'me? It doesn't make sense!

And another thing. If I do something, it (7_______consequences. For example, if I (8)_______study,I might not pass my exams. I can't start thinking about different universes where the consequences are different. If I just (9)_______about the universe I actually live in, then I'm sure (10)_______okay!

1. A will be        В is               С would have been D has been

2. A has meant      В meant            С had meant        D means

3. A will be        В was being        С were                    D has been

4. A I'd know        В I'll know        С I have known     D I know

5. A wouldn't know В don't know        С won't know        D didn't know

6. A had won        В was winning      Сhave won        D win

7. A would have    В would have had С will have        D had had

8. A won't         В haven't          C don't                          D hadn't

9. A think         В to think         C am thinking        D have thought

10. A I'd be        В I've been        C I'd have been     D I'll be


H Complete using the correct form of the verbs in brackets.

1. If you’d done (you / do) your homework last night,  you'd know (you/know) the answer to this question!

2. We_______(not / stand) by the side of the road at the moment trying to get a lift if_______(we / bring) a spare tyre with us.

3. If I_______(not / stay up) so late last night, I_______(not / feel) so tired this morning!

4. _______(I / be) in terrible trouble right now if you_______(not / help) me.

5. If I had a video recorder,_______(I / record) the match last night.

6. _______(I / ask) for Andy's phone number when I met him if I_______(not / already / have) a boyfriend!

7. If Cody_______(not / live) so far away, he_______(not / be) so late to the barbecue yesterday.

8. Tracy_______(not / need) extra lessons last month if she_______(be) as good at maths as you are.

9. _______(you / got) a job when you left school if the university_______(not / offer) you a place?

10. If you_______(have) as much money as she does,_______(you / retire) by now?


I Complete the sentences so that the meaning remains the same.

1.If her condition should improve, we'll inform you immediately.

Should her condition improve, we’ll inform you immediately.

2.Jade will ask lots of difficult questions if she gets to interview a famous politician.

Should _____________________________________.

3.If you were able to go abroad for the summer, where would you go?

Were _____________________________________.

4.If I was to become a vet, I'd find putting animals down very difficult.

Were _____________________________________.

5.The world would be much better off if all environmental pollution stopped today.

Were _____________________________________.

6.If the hole in the ozone layer had been discovered sooner, fewer people would have got skin cancer.

Had _____________________________________.

7.I wouldn't have become a teacher if I hadn't had such a good English teacher at school.

Had _____________________________________.


J If a line is correct, put a tick (✓) next to the number. If there is an extra word in a line, write it next to the number.

Being an only child

1_______I'm an only child. People often say to me:'Wouldn't you be a lot

2_______happier if you have had brothers and sisters?' but I don't see it like that.

3_______It's true that if I had had a brother or sister, I would have someone closer

4_______to my own age to talk to and play with at home, but I don't think that's

5_______very important provided for you have close friends, which I do. If my

6_______parents would had more children, they wouldn't be able to spend so much

7_______time with me. And we have great fun together! Also, except if I had a

8_______brother or sister, I'd have it to share a bedroom with them.That might be

9_______fun, but what would happen if I wanted to play my CDs and he or she had

10_______to study? No -1 don't want a brother or sister, unless it will happens, of

course. In that case, I'll think it's the best thing in the world!

Unit 10                            Vocabulary

People and Society

Topic vocabulary in contrast                                                         see page 189 for definitions

relationship / connection support / assist company / group
blame/fault kind / polite popular/famous
old/ancient sympathetic / likeable typical / usual / ordinary
crowd / audience nervous / bad-tempered close / near
enjoy / please sensitive / sensible unknown / infamous


Phrasal verbs

ask after ask for news about make up become friends again after an argument bring up look after a child until he or she becomes an adult pass away die fall for fall in love with; believe (a lie/trick/etc) pick on keep treating someone badly or unfairly fall out (with) have an argument with and stop being friends put down criticise, make someone feel stupid get on (with) have a good relationship (with) settle down become calm after being upset, etc; stay in one place or get married and live quietly grow up become older stand up for support in an argument or fight look down on think that you are better than take aback surprise (usually in passive voice) look up to admire and respect  


Phrases and collocations

approval show/give (your) approval of/for sth; meet with sb's approval
argument have an argument (with sb) (about sth/doing); win/lose an argument
care take care (of sth/sb); care for/about sth/sb
courage have the courage to do; it takes courage to do
disguise in disguise; wear a disguise; disguise yourself; disguised as sth/sb
dream have a dream (about sth/sb/doing); daydream;dream of/about doing
family have/start a family; nuclear family; extended family
favour do/owe sb a favour; be in favour of
friend make/become/be/stay friends (with sb); best friend
love be/fall in love with sb
mood in a good/bad mood; in the ri^ht/wrong mood; in the mood for sth
pity pity sb; take pity on sb; feel pity for sb; it's a pity (that)
promise promise to do; give/make sb a promise; break a/your promise


Word patterns

agree with/on/to sth; agree with sb; agree to do; agree that force sb to do sth;force sb into sth/doing
allow sb to do; allow sth independent of/from sth
approve of sth/doing; approve sth let sb do sth
ask sb sth; ask sb to do sth (for you); ask about/for sth; ask if/whether object to sth/doing
attack sth; attack sb for sth/doing; an attack on sth/sb pretend to be; pretend to do; pretend that
ban sb from sth/doing; ban sth rely on sth/sb
convince sb (of sth); convince sb to do; convince sb that  


Word formation

able unable, (in)ability, disabled, disability happy unhappy, (un)happiness, (un)happily obey disobey, (dis)obedient(ly), (dis)obedience
achieve achievement jealous jealousy, jealously person (im)personal(ly), personality
argue argument, argumentative kind unkind, (un)kindness, kindly polite impolite, (im)politely, (im)politeness
care careful(ly),careless(ly), (un)caring marry marriage, (un)married relate relative(ly), relation, relationship
correspond correspondence nerve nervous(ly), nervousness willing unwilling, (un)willingness, (un)willingly
friend friendship, (un)friendly



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