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Кафедра «Иностранные языки-5»



Кафедра «Иностранные языки-5»

 

АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК

 

Сборник лексико-грамматических тестов

 

 

для cамостоятельной работы студентов бакалавриата, магистратуры и аспирантов первого года обучения всех направлений

 

 


 

Москва 2012


ББК 81.2Англ

 

Сборник лексико-грамматических тестов разработали:

 

доктор филологических наук Л.С.Чикилева, старший преподаватель Л.С.Есина

 

Сборник обсужден на заседании кафедры

 

Зав. кафедрой доктор филологических наук Л.С.Чикилева

 

 

Сборник одобрен на заседании Учебно-методического совета

 

И.о. проректора, председатель УМС В.П.Белгородцев

 

 

Английский язык. Сборник лексико-грамматических тестов дляcамостоятельной работы студентов бакалавриата, магистратуры и аспирантов первого года обучения всех направлений. – М.:, 2012.

 

 

ББК 81.2Англ

 

 

© ФИНАНСОВЫЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ ПРИ ПРАВИТЕЛЬСТВЕ РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ, 2012


 

 

Грамматические тесты (для студентов бакалавриата)

 

Тест 1. The Article (part 1)

 

Выберите правильный вариант ответа:

 

1. ______ Russian company Avgit Founded a joint venture with the

 

Latvian Spondo company.

 

a) A (an); b) The; c) –.

 

2. In 1998 Nestle brought half of its products to _____ Russian market

 

from abroad.

 

a) a (an); b) the; c) –.

 

3. Twenty five specialists have already undergone training in ______

 

Germany.

 

a) a (an); b) the; c) –.

 

4. _______ Russian–Iranian auto plant has started assembling pickups. a) A (an); b) The; c) –.


 

5. _______ Germans intend to invest? 30 million in the project. a) A (an); b) The; c) –.

 

6. _______ River Elbe flows through the Czech Republic. a) A (an); b) The; c) –.

 

7. The nearest big city was ______ Riga. a) a (an); b) the; c) –.

 

8. In ______ Russia the 1-st McDonald`s restaurant appeared in 1990. a) a (an); b) the; c) –.

 

9. Before the late 19th century the white conquest of _______ West

was completed.

 

a) a (an); b) the; c) –.

 

10. _______ United States has rich and productive land. a) A (an); b) The; c) –.

 

Оформите ответы в виде таблицы.

 

                   
                   

 

Тест 2. The Article (part 2)

 

Выберите правильный вариант ответа:

 

1. In ______ world there is no perfect economic system.
a) a (an); b) the; c) –.
2. Costs are _______ money spent to manufacture goods or provide
services.    
a) a (an); b) the; c) –.
3. Land is _____ factor of production.
a) a (an); b) the; c) –.

 

4. In _____ planned economy, the government sets prices.
a) a (an); b) the; c) –.

 

5. Competition exists in _____ free market because anyone can be a

 

producer.                            
a) a (an);   b) the;   c) –.            
6. Many millions of _____ people enjoy a quality of life.
a) a (an);   b) the;   c) –.            
7. People get loans from _____ banks for all sorts of reasons.
a) a (an);   b) the;   c) –.            
8. He owns a lot of real estate in _____ Florida.    
a) a (an);   b) the;   c) –.            
9. I need _____ wage rise of $1500 to keep up with inflation.
a) a (an);   b) the;   c) –.            
10. She works in _____ sales.              
a) a (an);   b) the;   c) –.            
Оформите ответы в виде таблицы.        
         
                             
                             

 

  Teст 3. Глагол to be (part 1)
Выберите нужную форму глагола to be:
1. He __________ a financier soon.
a) am; b) was; c) will be.

 

2. They __________ at work now. a) am; b) is; c) are.


 

3. The country __________   in a state of economic crisis last year.
a) is; b) was; c) are.                
4. These goods __________ cheap.            
a) am; b) is; c) are.                
5. The prices __________ rising now.          
a) am; b) is; c) are.                
6. The contract __________ signed last week.    
a) were;   b) is;   c) was.              
7. They __________ to begin this work at once.    
a) am; b) is; c) are.                
8. This letter   __________ to confirm our recent telephone
communication.                              
a) am; b) is; c) are.                
9. This hotel __________ very expensive.        
a) am; b) is; c) are.                
10. There __________   a lot of Institutes, Universities, libraries and
museums in Moscow.                        
a) am; b) is; c) are.                
Оформите ответы в виде таблицы.          
               
                                   
                                   

 

Teст 4. Глагол to be (part 2)

 

Выберите нужную форму глагола to be:

 

1. Monopoly __________ a market structure with only a single seller.

 

a) am; b) is; c) are.
2. Successful marketers __________ open and flexible.
a) am; b) is; c) are.
3. Marks & Spencer __________ the top brand in Britain in 1988.
a) were; b) was; c) is.
       

 

4. Employment agencies _________ aimed at assisting you in finding a job. a) am; b) is; c) are.

 

5. As long as foreigners __________ willing to hold American dollars,

 

things remain stable.  
a) am; b) is; c) are.
6. All staff __________ to wear uniforms.
a) am; b) is; c) are.

 

7. The customers __________ to wait here in this room until the sales

 

manager return.      
a) am; b) is; c) are.  
8. __________ we to offer you the job, would you accept it?
a) Were; b) Was; c) Have been.
9. If we __________ to succeed in this enterprise, we shall need to
plan everything very carefully.  
a) am; b) is; c) are.  
10. The manager __________ in his office since 9 o’clock.
a) have been; b) has been; c) was.

 

Оформите ответы в виде таблицы:

 

                   
                   

 

Тест 5. Глагол to be (part 3)

 

Выберите нужную форму глагола to be:

 

1. There ______ a telex on the table.
a) is; b) are; c) was; d) will be.
2. There ______ much work last week.
a) is; b) are; c) was; d) will be.
3. ______ there much mail on the desk? Yes, there is.
a) Is; b) Are; c) Was; d) Will be.
4. There ______ a conference next week.
a) is; b) are; c) was; d) will be.
5. _______ there many accountants in your firm?
a) Is; b) Are; c) Was; d) Will be.
6. There _______ a good crop in Russia this year.
a) is; b) are; c) was; d) will be.
7. ______ there a meeting at the enterprise yesterday?
a) Is; b) Are; c) Was; d) Will be.
8. _____ there a telephone in your office?
a) Is; b) Are; c) Was; d) Will be.
9. There ______ few letters in the mail for you today.
a) is; b) are; c) was; d) will be
         

 

10. ______ there a store close to our Bank? a) Is; b) Are; c) Was; d) Will be.

 

Оформите ответы в виде таблицы:

 

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

 

Teст 6. Глагол to do (part 1)

 

Выберите нужную форму глагола to do:

 

1. She _____ most of her writing on a computer.
a) do; b) does.
2. Machines _____ most of work yesterday.
a) did; b) have done.
3. _____ you have a computer?
a) Do; b) Does.
4. He always _____ his job well.
a) do; b) does.
5. What _____ she want to do?
a) do; b) does.
6. _____ you speak English?
a) Do; b) Does.

 

7. The company ought _____ something about the poor service. a) to do; b) do.

 

8. She _____ economics at Sheffield some years ago.

 

a) did; b) have done.


 

9. She _____ well out of the deal today.      
a) have done;   b) has done.          
10. What __________ you do for a living?    
a) does; b) do.                
Оформите ответы в виде таблицы:      
   
                       
                       

 

Тест 7. Глагол to do (part 2)

 

Выберите правильный ответ:

 

1. What ______ the manager do in the office in the afternoon?

 

а) do; b) does; c) –.
2. How often _____ Harry meet customers?
а) do; b) does; c) –.
3. How much ______ your computer cost?
а) do; b) does; c) –.
4. What _____ Nokia make?
а) do; b) does; c) –.
5. Where _____ you work?
а) do; b) does; c) –.
6. How long ______ he want to stay in his job?
а) do; b) does; c) –.
7. ______ they earn enough?
а) Do; b) Does; c) –.
       

 

8. What time _____ the secretary finish work? а) do; b) does; c) –.

 

9. Who _______ borrows and lends money? а) do; b) does; c) –.

 

10. _____ you often read such advertisements? а) Do; b) Does; c) –.

 

Оформите ответы в виде таблицы:

 

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

 

Teст 8. Глагол to have

 

Выберите нужную форму глагола to have:

 

1. She _____ a day-off every week.
a) have; b) has.
2. I _____ a good job last year.
a) have; b) had.
3. They _____ orders next week.
a) will have; b) have.
4. Recently we _____ the acknowledgement of debt.
a) have received; b) had received.
5. Inflation _____ got out of control.
a) has; b) have.
6. Do you _____ to travel on business?
a) has; b) have.

 

7. He _____ to get up early.
a) has; b) have.
8. I _____ a holiday last year.
a) haven’t; b) didn’t have.

 

9. The decision _____ to be made by senior management.

 

a) has; b) have.                    
10. This system software __________ to be very reliable.
a) has proved;   b) have prove.              
Оформите ответы в виде таблицы:      
             
                                 
                                 

 

Teст 9. The Plural

 

Выберите правильный вариант ответа:

 

1. The tourist office has __________ about hotel accommodation.

 

a) information; b) informations.
2. No news __________ good news.
a) is; b) are.  
3. Money __________ the world go round.
a) make; b) makes.
4. Economics __________ my favourite subject at the Institute.
a) is; b) are.  
       

 

5. What __________ the government going to do about the problem

 

of homelessness.    
a) is; b) are.    
6.There __________ $ 30 in my wallet, but now it’s gone.
a) was; b) were.  
7. How much __________ jeans?
a) is this; b) are these.
8. Have __________ arrived yet?
a) businessmen;   b) a businessman.
9. Many students get __________ at colleges and universities.
a) knowledge; b) knowledges.
       

 

10. Cash __________ money in the form of banknotes and coins. a) are; b) is.

 

Оформите ответы в виде таблицы:

 

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

 

Teст 10. The Possessive Case

 

Выберите нужную форму существительного:

 

1. In a planned economy, __________ wages depend on the service they provide to society.

 

a) workers’; b) workers.

 

2. __________ salary mostly depends on the demand for his or her

 

work.

 

a) Someone; b) Someone’s.


 

3. Consumers can buy a __________ goods or services.

 

a) company’s; b) company.

 

4. Utility is the __________word for the satisfaction we get from a

 

purchase.

 

a) economists; b) economists’.

 

5. The cost of the good, the __________ income can affect the utility

 

of a good.                                  
a) consumer;     b) consumer’s.              
6. The demand is the __________ need for labour.
a) employers’;   b) employers.              
7. The _______________   financial plans are embodied in its annual
budget.                                  
a) government;   b) government’s.        
8. He had a __________ holiday last summer.    
a) month’s;     b) month.                    
9. The __________ cargo consisted of wheat and barley.
a) Neva’s;   b) Neva.                      
10. My elder brother __________ son is a top manager.
a) Peter; b) Peter’s.                      
Оформите ответы в виде таблицы:        
                 
                                     
                                     

 

Тест 11. There is /are, there was /were, there have/has been, there will be

 

Выберите нужную форму глагола to be:

 

1. There __________ five people in my family.
a) are; b) is.  
2. __________ there much mail on the desk?
a) Are; b) Is.  
3. There __________ no contracts on the desk.
a) are; b) is.  
4. There __________ much new equipment at the plant.
a) are; b) is.  
5. There __________ a big rise in the cost of living.
a) has been; b) have been.
6. __________ there a flight to Paris this evening?
a) Are; b) Is.  
7. There __________ nobody in the office.
a) are; b) is.  
8. There __________ a lot of people in the shops.
a) were; b) was.  
         

 

9. The manager of the company is leaving, so there __________ a new manager soon.

 

a) will be; b) is.

 

10. There __________ 5, 000 employees in our company. a) are; b) is.


 

Оформите ответы в виде таблицы:

 

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

 

Teст 15. The Passive Voice

 

Выберите нужную форму глагола в пассивном залоге:

 

1. Payment __________ yesterday.    
a) is received; b) was received; c) received.
2. The company’s annual accounts __________ by the Chief
Accountant.      
a) is prepared; b) are prepared; c) prepare.
3. The agent __________ by the company last week.
a) was accredited; b) were accredited; c) accredited.

 

4. The accumulated profit __________ forward to next year today.

 

a) has been carried; b) have been carried; c) was carried.
5. Our budget _______________ already.  
a) have been cut; b) has been cut; c) were cut.
6. Efforts __________ to reduce the prices by 10% now.
a) are being made; b) were being made; c) is being made.
7. Nowadays all the clients of the bank __________ for a financial
advisory service.      
a) are provided; b) were provided; c) provided.

 

8. The shares __________ on the American Stock Exchange next week. a) will be floated; b) were floated; c) is being floated.

 

9. Soon the financial results _______________ at the annual general

 

meeting.                            
a) will be announced;   b) will announce;   c) announce.
10. The shipment may _______________        
a) be delayed;   b) was delayed; c) were delayed.
Оформите ответы в виде таблицы:          
           
                               
                               

 

Тест 17. The Modal Verbs

 

Заполните пропуски в предложениях, выбрав соответствующий модальный глагол:

 

1. You ____ send your resume to several companies. a) can; b) need; c) have.

 

2. You ____ not start your job search without a resume.

a) can; b) must; c) have.
3. He ____ to get up early.
a) has; b) must; c) can.
4.Do you _____ to travel on business?
a) can; b) must; c) have.

 

5.This phenomenon ____ be explained by economic laws. a) should; b) need; c) have to.

 

6.The company had gone bankrupt and _____ pay its creditors.

 

a) couldn’t; b) hadn’t; c) shouldn’t.
7. You ____ phoned me yesterday.
a) should have; b) may; c) might.

 

8. Our sales ____ exceed our forecast by 15%.

a) should; b) may; c) must.
9. They ____ deliver on time.
a) can; b) had; c) have.

 

10. ____ I take a comment at this point? a) Am; b) May; c) Must.

 

Оформите ответы в виде таблицы:

 


 

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10


 

Тест 21. The Gerund

 

Заполните пропуски в предложениях, выбрав нужную форму глагола:

 

1. __________ is the process of buying a security for less than its face

value.     b) Discounting; c) Discounts.  
a) Discounted;  
2. We discussed __________ a new business.  
a) open;   b) opening; c) opened.  
3. He risks __________ all of his money.  
a) lost;   b) lose; c) losing.    
4. I heard of the experiment __________ last month.  
a) having been started;   b) started; c) start.  
5. The increase in government __________ will have some effect on  
the rate of interest.   c) spending.  
a) spend;     b) spent;    
6. That would entail our __________ a concession.  
a) making;     b) to make; c) made.  
7. This will save our __________ time.  
a) wasting;     b) waste; c) to waste.  
8. They have suggested his __________ to the symposium.  
a) go; b) to go; c) going.    
9. He’s looking forward to our __________.  
a) to come;     b) coming; c) come.  
10. We have succeeded in __________ a new competitive market.  
a) entering;   b) to enter; c) enter.  
                 

 

Оформите ответы в виде таблицы:

 


 

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10


 

Тест 22. The Infinitive

 

Заполните пропуски в предложениях, выбрав нужную форму инфинитива:

 

1. __________ our employers to develop their skills is one of the prime

 

concerns of management.    
a) To recruit; b) To inform;   c) To encourage.
2. __________ this market requiers a lot of hard work.
a) To enter; b) To inform;   c) To lose.
3. We have decided not to advertise this position, but __________
internally.      
a) to encourage; b) to recruit; c) to inform.
4. I am glad __________ you that you have been successful.
a) to inform; b) to accept;   c) to encourage.
5. It is impossible for us __________ these terms.
a) to have found; b) to accept; c) to work out.
6. We would like __________ our overdraft facilities.
a) to extend; b) to buy; c) to have found.
7. The sales director claimed __________ three new customers.
a) to recruit; b) to have found c) to find.
         

 

8. They made us __________ extremely hard.

 

a) to work; b) work; c) to have worked.

 

9. Central banks of different countries are expected __________ away

 

from monetary restrictions.  
a) to stay; b) stay; c) to have stayed.

 

10. The world economy is predicted __________ growing.

 

a) to have continued;   b) to continue; c) continue.
Оформите ответы в виде таблицы:        
     
                         
                         

 

Тест 23. The Participle

 

Заполните пропуски в предложениях, выбрав причастие насто-ящего или прошедшего времени:

 

1. All transactions are to be ____________ in the general journal.

 

a) recording; b) recorded.
2.There is an ____________ number of private investors.
a) increasing; b) increased.
3. Staff are ________ to work flexitime.
a) allowing;   b) allowed.
4. John was _________ to join the family firm.
a) inviting;   b) invited.
5. She works in an ____________ agency.
a) advertising; b) advertised.
6. Most of the products are __________ to developing countries.
a) exporting; b) exported.

 

7. Accrued income is a total sum of money __________ by the com-pany during a particular period.

 

a) earning; b) earned.


 

8. The goods were ___________ in the shop window.

 

a) displaying; b) displayed.            
9. All ___________ machines are cut-price for one week only.
a) washing; b) washed.              
10. ___________ conditions improved last year.    
a) Trading; b) Traded.              
Оформите ответы в виде таблицы:        
   
                       
                       

 

Тест 24. Мany, much, (a) little, (a) few (part 1)

 

Вставьте в пропуски одно из следующих слов:

 

1. As the field survey shows, very __________ customers find the design of our goods attractive.

 

a) little; b) few; c) much.

 

2. We managed to capture __________ contracts last month.
a) little; b) much; c) many.
     

 

3. We have __________ time at our disposal. We must make a decision

 

right away.

 

a) little; b) much; c) many.

 

4. There is very __________data available about market trends in this

 

region.

 

a) a few; b) little; c) many.

 

5. We spent too __________ time on routine meetings. a) much; b) a few; c) many.


 

6. “Are there any seats on the next flight to Madrid? ” “Yes, there are

 

__________ ”.

 

a) little; b) many; c) much.

 

7. I am beginning to get __________ worried about the situation. a) a little; b) few; c) many.

 

8. We need __________ more time to think about your proposal. a) a little; b) many; c) a few.

 

9. __________ insurance companies protect their customers against

 

risk.

 

a) A little; b) Many; c) Much.

 

10. It takes one __________ money to join a credit union. a) a few; b) many; c) much.

 

Оформите ответы в виде таблицы:

 

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

 

Тест 25. Many, much, (a) little, (a) few (part 2)

 

Вставьте в пропуски одно из следующих слов:

 

1. Starting a business without financial support from the bank may cause you __________trouble.

 

a) a few; b) many; c) much.

 

2. Banks are subjects to __________ government regulations. a) little; b) many; c) much.

 

3. Only __________ major customers can keep up with the rise of the

 

service prices.

 

a) a few; b) many; c) much.


 

4. Very __________ financial institutions nowadays keep off technical innovations in the banking industry.

 

a) a few; b) few; c) much.

 

5. You can’t do without __________ cash on hand when you go to a

 

retailer shop.

 

a) a little; b) many; c) little.

 

6. Banks are now using computer technology to perform __________

 

financial transactions.  
a) little; b) many; c) much.
     

 

7. No matter how __________ money you have you can open a bank

 

account.

 

a) few; b) many; c) much.

 

8. There are too __________ students in our group. a) a few; b) much; c) many.

 

9. Do you have __________ homework to do? a) few; b) many; c) much.

 

10. I need __________ help. Could you help me with the translation?

 

a) a little; b) many;   c) little.        
Оформите ответы в виде таблицы:      
     
                         
                         

 

Тест 26. The Conditionals

 

Составьте предложения, соединив первую часть каждого пред-ложения со второй:


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