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Exercise 4. Поставьте глагол в скобках в Present Perfect Continuous.




  1. I (to work) on this problem for two months. 2. She (to sleep) all this time. 3. You (to talk) this nonsense all day long. 4. How long you (to lie) in the sun today? 5. You (to work) too hard lately. 6. How long you (to stand) in this cold? 7. I (to think) of your aunt’s proposal since we last met. 8. Ann (to look) for a job for three months already. 9. How long you (to live) in this city? 10. My brother (to work) in this firm since 2003.

 


 

THE PAST TENSES. - Прошедшие времена

 

PAST SIMPLE PAST CONTINUOUS(Progressive) PAST PERFECT PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS(Progressive)
V2ф ; did … V 1Ф was/were+ V-ing had + V3ф(-ed) had been + V-ing
1. Для выражения действий в прошлом, когда указано время. (yesterday, last week, a week ago, in 2010.) e.g. I met him yesterday.   2.Когда о времени спрашивается. e.g. When did you see him?   3..Для регулярно повторяющихся действий в прошлом. e.g. He made an entry in his diary every day. 1. для выражения действия в прошлом, которое продолжалось в течение определенного периода времени e.g. He was watching TV the whole evening. 2. 2.для выражения действия, протекающего в течение определенного момента времени в прошлом. e.g. At 8 o`clock he was having a breakfast. 3.момент времени определяется другим действием в прошлом, выраженном глаголом в past simple или обстоятельственными словами the whole evening, all summer, etc. e.g. When I returned she was sleeping.   1. для выражения действия, закончившегося к определенному моменту времени в прошлом. e.g. By that time I had already written the letter. Момент времени может быть выражен обстоятельством времени: by the end of the year, by that time, by 5 o`clock, by Saturday.   2. для выражения действия, которое предшествовало другому действию, выраженному глаголом в past indefinite e.g. We had finished our work when he came. He told me he had had his dinner at 6 o`clock that day.   1.для выражения длительного действия, которое началось давно и продолжалось до какого-то момента времени в прошлом. Можно заменить past perfect. e.g. It was now 6 and he was tired because he had been working (had worked) since dawn. She had been preparing a report for an hour when she found very important information.

Exercise 1. Поставьте глагол в скобках в Past Simple. Образуйте отрицательные и вопросительные предложения.

1. Mrs. Sunbury (to cut) the cake. 2. He (to look) at her with surprise. 3. She (to smile) when she (to see) him. 4. On the way home she usually (to buy) a slice of honey cake at the backer’s. 5. A little before nine o’clock I (to descend) to the ground floor. 6. A quarter of an hour later he (to hear) voices. 7. They (to leave) London at 4 p.m. 8. I (to be) here many years ago.

Exercise 2. Откройте скобки употребив Past Simple, Past Continuous, Past Perfect или Past Perfect Continuous.

1. Nobody (to know) where Smith (to go). 2. A girl who (to stand) under the tree (to come) up to us. 3. Mary (to speak) to Mr. Boxwell when I (to see) her in the corridor. 4. He again (to come) to the town where he (to live) in his childhood. 5. While we (to talk), there (to come) a loud knock at the door. 6. When their visitors (to leave), John and his mother (to stand) near the window. 7. When he (to come) back to the conference he (to see) that the situation (to change). 8. She (to sit) at the table only five minutes when the car (to come).

 

 

THE FUTURE TE


THE FUTURE TENSES. - БУДУЩИЕ ВРЕМЕНА.

Будущие времена

FUTURE SIMPLE FUTURE CONTINUOUS FUTURE PERFECT FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS
will + V 1 ф will be + V-ing will have + V3ф will have been + V-ing
1. Используется для выражения действия, которое будет происходить в будущем с выражением времени: tomorrow, next week, in a month, in 2014. e.g. We will go to the cinema tomorrow. 2. В вопросительных предложениях When? о будущих действиях. e.g. When will you take part at the conference?     1. Для выражения действия, которое будет длиться на протяжении какого-то периода времени в будущем. e.g. When I reach London it will probably be raining. Tomorrow from 6 to 8 p.m. we`ll be playing cards. 2. Для выражения действия, которое будет происходить в определенный момент времени в будущем. e.g. At 5 o`clock tomorrow I`ll be reading at the library. 1. Указывает на действие, совершенное к какому-либо моменту времени в будущем. e.g. By 2014 I shall have taken my degree.     1. Указывает на действие, которое начнется до определенного момента времени в будущем и будет продолжаться до этого момента в течении какого-то периода времени. e.g. We shall have been working at this problem for a month when you visit us a second time.  
FUTURE SIMPLE in the PAST would + V 1ф (если в главном предложении сказуемое в прошедшем времени, то в придаточном для выражения будущего действия используется Future in the past) FUTURE CONTINUOUS in the PAST would be + V –ing   FUTURE PERFECT in the PAST would have + V 3ф FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS in the PAST would have been + V-ing
Используется для выражения будущего действия с точки зрения прошлого. e.g. He said that the next day he would go to the library. Используется для выражения действия, длящегося в определенный момент или период времени в будущем с точки зрения прошлого. e.g. I thought that we would be watching football the whole evening. Используется для выражения действия, совершенного до определенного момента времени в будущем с точки зрения прошлого. e.g. I wondered whether they would have reached the place by noon. Указывает на действие, которое будет продолжаться до определенного момента в будущем в течении какого-то периода времени с точки зрения прошлого. e.g. He said that they would have been walking for two hours before they reached the hotel.

Exercise 1. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в одном из будущих времен: Future Simple, Future Continuous, Future Perfect.

1. I (to do) my homework tomorrow. 2. I (to do) my homework at six o’clock tomorrow. 3. I (to do) my homework by six o’clock tomorrow. 4. When you come to my place tomorrow, I (to read) your book. I (to do) my homework by the time you come. 5. I (not to go) to the cinema tomorrow. I (to watch) TV the whole evening. 6. What you (to do) tomorrow? 7. What you (to do) at 5 o’clock tomorrow? 8. You ( to do) this work by next Sunday?

 

Exercise 2. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы во временах Future in the past Simple, Continuous, Perfect.

1. I was afraid I (to be) late. 2. Did you think we (to pick) all the apples by 3 o’clock? 3. She promised that she (to finish) all work in a week. 4. I knew that at 5 o’clock you (to study) at the library. 5. He asked when I (to be) ready. 6. I hoped that they (to discuss) this question by the time I returned.

 

 

ОБЗОРНЫЕ УПРАЖНЕНИЯ

Exercise 1. Раскройте скобки, употребив глаголы в требующемся времени.

 

1. You always (to spend) summer at the sea-side? – Yes, as a rule. Last summer I (to go) to the mountains, but I (not to find) the rest there as pleasant as near the sea. 2. When they returned, they (to tell) us many interesting things which they (to see) during their journey. 3. When I (to leave) home, it (to rain). 4. By the end of the year he (to read) about two hundred pages. 5. Where you (to put) my dictionary? I cannot find it anywhere. 6. The children (to play) here at eleven o’clock, but now they (to go) home. 7. At last the librarian (to give) me the book which I (to wait) for two months. I (to be) very glad. I (to go) home and (to begin) reading it at once. 8. What you (to do) here? – I (to prepare) for my report. – How long you (to prepare) for it? – I (to work) since morning. 9. He ( to teach) at school for five years when the war (to break) out. 10. Our teacher (to come). Now he (to speak) with our monitor. 11. At this time tomorrow we (to discuss) your report. 12. Now she (to read) the book which I (to give) her yesterday. 13. You ever (to be) in London? – Yes, I (to be) there last summer. 14. So you begin working tomorrow! And who (to take) care of your children when you (to go) to work? 15. On entering the room he (to find) that his friends (to get) up and (to wait) for him. 16. Tomorrow father (to come) late. We (to do) all our homework already and (to drink) tea when he (to come). 17. When she (to come) home yesterday, she (to see) that her daughter (to cook) supper already and (to wait) for her with the table laid. 18. Jane usually (to work) in the library. She (to work) there now. She already (to gather) the necessary material and now she (to write) her report.





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