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Exercise 22, p. 217: Answer the following questions, using the Present Perfect Continuous Tense1.
Model: Why are you looking so hot? (to run all the way)
I've been running all the way.
1.Why are you so excited? (argue). 2. Why are her eyes red? (cry). 3. Why does he look so tired? (work hard lately). 4. What's so funny? Why are you laughing? (Peter, tell his funny stories again). 5. Why do you keep silent? (sorry, think over your words). 6. What are you doing here? (wait for a friend). 7. Why do you look so pale? (smoke too much today). 8. Why are you late? (walk all the way, something has happened on the trolley-bus line). 9. Why are your hands covered with paint? (paint the door).
Exercise 23, p. 218: Repeat and Expand the following statements, using the Present Perfect Continuous Tense.
Model They feel very tired. (work very hard)
They feel very tired. They have been working very hard.
1.The pavements are wet. (rain). 2. I've got wet to the skin. (walk in the rain). 3. My throat is dry. (talk much). 4. He is wearing shorts. (play football). 5. They are talking very excitedly. (watch a very interesting match). 6. She is still looking pale and ill. (stay in hospital for a long time). 7. He is playing table-tennis today very well. (practise a lot). 8. She's got a camera in her hand. (take photographs). 9. He's got paint all over him. (paint the house). 10. They've got brown. (lie in the sun). 11. They feel very tired. (travel all day). 12. You look pale. (smoke too much again). 13. I feel stiff. (sit for a long time).
Exercise 24, p. 218: Begin the following sentences with: 'I wondered', 'he asked', 'she said', etc.
1. Has she been waiting for me long? 2. I have been thinking things over and now I've made up my mind at last. 3. How long has the child been sleeping? 4. He has been lecturing since the beginning of term. 5. What have you been doing in my absence? 6. I've been reading this book for a week.
Exercise 25, p. 218: Practise the Past Perfect Continuous Tense according to the model.
Model 1: He was short of breath because (run all the way)
He was short of breath because he had been running all the way.
1.His hands were dirty (work in the garden). 2. She passed all her examinations very well (study hard throughout the term). 3. He was behind the class (not study properly). 4. Her eyes were red (cry). 5. She got used to his strange ways (live together for a long time). 6. She looked half asleep (rest).
Model 2: They drove for three hours. Then they stopped for lunch.
After they had been driving for three hours, they stopped for lunch.
1. We walked for an hour. Then we understood that we had taken the wrong road. 2. He waited for her for half an hour. Then he went away. 3. He worked at the laboratory for five years. Then he changed his job. 4. I thought the matter over for quite some time. Then I took a decision. 5. He looked through the latest newspapers and magazines for some time. Then he sat down to his report. 6. She watched the television late into the night. Then she could not sleep.
Exercise 26, p. 218: Open the brackets, using the Perfect Continuous tense forms.
1. What you (do) for the past two weeks? 2. Suddenly she understood that she (speak) for a long time and it was time to stop. 3. He (paint) this picture for two years and I don't know when he is going to finish it. 4. "Do you want to know what (happen) since you went away?" "What I want to know is what you (do) while I have been away." 5. He took out his watch and looked at it. It was two o'clock. It meant that he (wait) since 11 o'clock. 6. For the past few minutes I (try) to explain to you that you can't make me go there. 7. You're sure you're well, Jack? I (think) that this work is a bit too hard for your age. 8. The children (fight) for some time when the door opened and the teacher came into the class-room. 9. Peter who (write) something for some time in silence, suddenly joined in the discussion.
Exercise 27, p. 219: Translate the following sentences into English, using the Perfect Continuous tense forms.
1. Мы пользовались этой машинкой в течение трех лет. Она действовала безотказно (прекрасно). 2. Я весь день сегодня думаю о том, что я скажу, когда мы придем к ним. 3. — Почему вы так взволнованы? — У нас был спор. 4. Этот человек идет за нами всю дорогу от станции. Он, наверное, не знает дороги. 5. Что здесь происходило? Почему все такие взволнованные? 6. Этот шум беспокоит меня с самого утра, и я не могу понять, откуда он идет. 7. Ты слишком много пьешь кофе последнее время. 8. Он был уверен, что она живет в Москве с 1935 года. 9. Ты опять курил в комнате? 10. Ты плакала? Что случилось? 11. У него было такое чувство, что он живет здесь уже давно. 12. Когда она последний раз выходила из школы, где училась десять лет, она не думала, что снова вернется в нее, но уже учительницей. 13. Он носит очки с детства.
Ехercise 28, p. 219: Open the brackets, using the correct form of the verb.
The game of basketball is unique among popular Sports. The world (enjoy) it for a century. But not all of us (know) the history of the game. It (invent) by a Canadian, first (play) in the USA and specially (plan) to meet a definite need.
In 1891 Dr James A. Naismith (be) a physical director of the international Y.M.C.A.1 training school in Springfield, Mass.2 For some years the interest of young Canadians and Americans in the customary programme of Calisthenics1 and Gymnastics (weaken). Dr Naismith (ask) to invent a competitive game that (hold) the enthusiasm of the students. It (suggest) that the game (have) simple rules that (can learn) easily; it (be) free from bodily contact; good for players over a wide range of ages and it (have) inexpensive equipment. The game (be to; play) by day and by night in small gymnasiums. Dr Naismith (solve) all these problems in his game. He (call) it basketball, because the players (be to; throw) a round ball into a basket-shaped net hung at either end of the gymnasium. At first the game (play) with as many as nine players on a side. It soon (realize) that five to a team (result) in cleaner and faster play. The inventor (suggest) 13 basic rules, and most of them (be) still in effect; there (be) some changers in playing conditions and rules of the game.
The first basketball game (play) in Springfield in January 1892. Basketball is a men’s game (become) so well accepted internationally that it (include) in the Olympic Games programme in Berlin in 1936.
Ехercise 11, p. 83: In (A) study the following chart, and in (B) supply the missing parts.
1. lately за последнее время; 1. He has travelled a lot lately.
2. for the last/past few weeks, 2.He has worked too much for
months, years, etc за пос- the last few days.
Ледние несколько недель
3. last time прошлый раз 3.We discussed that question last time.
4. last/for the last time в 4.When did you see him last?
1. When did you get a letter from him __? 2. He has changed for the better ___. 3. Although she had not seen him ___ she recognized him at once. 4. He visited his native town ___ when he was still a boy. 5. How often has he missed classes __? 6. This film was on at our local cinema __. 7. I watched this film on TV several times __. 8. “She has not called on us ___. What’s happened to her?” “She left for Kiev __.” 9. There haven’t been thick fogs in London __.
Exercise 12, p. 84: Translate the following sentences:
1. Когда вы были в Саратове в последний раз? 2. За последние годы наш город изменился до неузнаваемости. 3. В прошлый раз ему не хватило стипендии до конца месяца потому, что он купил словарь. 4. Прошлый раз ты обещал зайти к нам. 5. Последние несколько дней не было дождя и земля совсем сухая. 6. Когда вы получили известия от него в последний раз? 7. За последнее время я прочитал много интересных книг. 8. Почему он опаздывает? За последнее время это случается с ним довольно часто.
Ехercise 13, p. 84: Translate the following sentences, using “till” (‘until”) or “before” according to the sense.
I. Мы будем ждать вас до шести часов. 2. Это случилось до нашего приезда. 3. Они следили за игрой до самого конца матча. 4. Обсуждение продолжалось до вечера. 5. Мы пришли за десять минут до начала концерта. 6. Они жили здесь вплоть до самой войны. 7. Они жили здесь еще до войны. 8. Наше учреждение переедет в новое здание до нового года. 9. Мы собираемся пробыть здесь до конца лета. 10. Они уехали до обеда. 11. Мы договорились встретиться до собрания. 12. Разбудите меня до семи часов, пожалуйста. 13. Он успевает просматривать газету до завтрака. 14. Дети были на свежем воздухе до вечера. 15. Он сошел с автобуса за две остановки до своей и пошел пешком домой.
Passive Voice (Indefinite Tense Forms)
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