Архитектура Аудит Военная наука Иностранные языки Медицина Металлургия Метрология
Образование Политология Производство Психология Стандартизация Технологии 


Translate the following words into Russian.




a) atmospherics, automatics, mechanics, strategics, diplomatics, logics, atomics, cybernetics, dynamics;

b) bacteriology, physiology, cosmology, ecology, geology, meteorology, mineralogy, metrology, microbiology, ornithology, zoology;

c) orthography, topography, stenography, radiography, ethnography, cartography, bibliography.

Translate into English, using the following suffixes.

а) -ics:

метафизика, фонетика, статика, тактика, статистика, аэронавтика, этика, политика, педагогика, экономика, электроника;

б) -logy:

минералогия, методология, мифология, палеонтология, фармакология, физиология, социология, стоматология, технология, филология, терминология;

в) -graphy:

фотография, география, биография, кристаллография, кинематография.

Суффиксы существительных со значением качества, свойства, состояния, процесса, действия, результата действия

-ness lovely красивый loveliness привлекательность
-ity(ty) equal равный equality равенство
-ship master мастер mastership мастерство
-hood brother брат brotherhood братство
-dom free свободный freedom свобода
-tion to isolate изолировать isolation изоляция
-ing to mean значить meaning значение
-age to store хранить storage хранение
-ance/ence important to differ важный отличаться importance difference важность отличие
-cy constant постоянный constancy постоянство
-ery/ry to bribe давать взятку bribery взяточничество
-ism military военный militarism милитаризм
-ment to develop развивать development развитие
-ture to mix смешивать mixture смесь
-sion to divide делить division деление
-th deep глубокий depth глубина

1.3 Form words using the suffix -ness. Translate into Russian.

Model: white (белый) — whiteness — белизна

easy, bright, cold, conscious, deep, large, loud, careless.

 

1.4 Translate into English, using the suffix -ness.

доброта (kind), серость (grey), мягкость (soft), спокойствие (calm), слабость (weak), величие (great), вредность (harmful), плотность (hard).

1.5 Form nouns using the suffix -ity (-ty). Translate into Russian.

Model: productive (производящий) - productivity(производительность)

periodic, possible, active, similar, probable, dense, major, conductive, real, virtual, variable.

1.6 Form words using the suffix -hood. Translate into Russian.

Model:author (автор) — authorhood— авторство, права автора

brother, adult, lady, mother, monk, sister.

Translate into Russian.

sisterhood, womanhood, boyhood, girlhood, wifehood, bachelorhood, babyhood, childhood, parenthood.

1.8 Form words using the suffix -ship. Translate into Russian.

Model: dictator (диктатор) — dictatorship — (диктатура)

friend, chairman, king, parent, member.

 

1.9 Form words using the suffix -ing. Translate into Russian.

Model: shoot – стрелять – shooting – стрельба;

train – воспитывать, тренировать – training – воспитание, тренировка

spell, walk, act, begin, beat, draw, dress, drink, eat,film, flow, form, freeze, get, grow, hide, lead, light, call,pack, open, smoke.

 

Translate into Russian.

heating, killing, landing, learning, painting, reasoning, riding, running, jumping, sailing, carrying, sitting, hunting, warming, writing, crossing.

Answer the following questions.

1. How often do you do your shopping?

2. Do you like singing?

3. What kind of sports do you go in for?

4. How often do you do your washing?

 

Match the words in the left column with their synonyms in the right column.

examination evacuation
leaving adjustment
adaptation isolation
separation comprehension
feeling declaration
administration amusement
announcement government
entertainment standing
position sensation
amelioration improvement
understanding investigation
liberation emancipation
statement excitement

 

1.13 Form words using the suffix -age. Translate into Russian.

Model: percent (процент) – percentage – процентное отношение

store, bond, drain, short, link, pack, stop, pass, waste.

1.14 Translate into English, using the suffix -age.

коллекция, сбор (assemble); расстояние в милях (mile); родословная (parent); покровительство (patron); якорная стоянка (anchor); дрейф (drift); садоводство (garden); травы, травяной покров (herb).

 

 

1.15 Form words using the suffix -dom. Translate into Russian.

Model: book (книга) – bookdom – книги, мир книг

free, official, newspaper, teacher, king, reader, bore.

1.16 Form words using the suffix -ment. Translate into Russian.

Model: equip (оборудовать) – equipment – (оборудование)

arrange, imply, assign, achieve, establish, appoint, replace, enhance, improve, endorse,adjust, engage.

Translate into Russian.

enlargement, establishment, payment, punishment, retirement, treatment, equipment, astonishment, reconcilement, environment, accompaniment.

 

1.18 Translate into English, using the suffix -ment.

регулирование (adjust), продвижение (advance), основание, фундамент (base), окружение (encircle), ободрение (encourage), удовольствие (enjoy), правительство (govern), ослабление (abate), сокрытие, утаивание (conceal), измерение (measure).

1.19 Form nouns from the following verbs using the suffix -tion. Translate them into Russian.

Model:classification «классификация, сортировка» от classify «классифицировать, сортировать, распределять по сортам, категориям»

connect, evaluate, observe, ionize, regulate, reject, restrict, inspect,

associate, derivate, indicate, prohibit, conduct, recommend, contradict, accelerate.

 

Answer the following questions.

1. In what direction do you have to go to get to the centre of the city?

2. Do you have any objections to having English classes onSundays?

3. What impression did the last film make on you?

4. Did you have a lot of corrections in your last examination paper?

5. Are you under an obligation to anybody?

6. Do you have pleasant associations with your school days?

7. How can you keep up a conversation?

 

1.21 Form nouns from the following verbs using the suffix -ance (ence). Translate them into Russian.

Model: exist (существовать) – existence– (существование)

apply, resemble, allow, inherit, appear, guide, interfere, correspond, transfer, accept, perform, recognize, avoid, conduct, resist, present, signify, differ.

 

1.22 Form nouns using the suffix -cy. Translate them into Russian.

Model: accurate (точный) – accuracy– (точность)

sufficient, decent, dependent, frequent, efficient, secret, ascendant, transparent, constituent, current, obstinate, agent, aristocrat, regent, lieutenant, advocate, occupant.

 

Match the words in the left column with their synonyms in the right column.

A B

transportation assemblage

gathering bondage

traveling carriage

accumulation pilgrimage

imprisonment storage

parentage lineage

 

 

1.24 Form nouns using the suffix -ry. Translate them into Russian.

Model: fish (рыба) – fishery – (рыболовство)

grape, machine, bind, dean, distill, farm, found, rival, rocket, orange, rob, scene.

 

 

1.25 Translate the following words into English, using the suffix -ry.

рабство, рабовладение (slave); солдаты, военные (soldier); пушки, орудия (gun); колдовство (witch); обман, надувательство (trick); лесоводство (forest); рыболовство (fish); искусство, профессия художника (artist).

1.26 Form nouns using the suffix -ism. Translate them into Russian.

Model: parliament (парламент) – parliamentarism – (парламентаризм)

conserve, favourite, modern, provincial, royal, military, moral, pragmatic, urban, artist, critic.

 

Match the words in the left column with their antonyms in the right column.

collectivism idealism

materialism leftism

rightism individualism

atheism realism

abstractivism capitalism

communism religionism

conservatism barbarism

humanism progressivism

revolutionism evolutionism

 

Complete each sentence with the noun derived from the word in brackets.

-ion, -tion, -sion

 

1. We’ve got a huge … of paintings by this artist. (collect)

2. You can ask questions at the … of the programme. (conclude)

3. The zoo announced that there will be a … in staff because of financial difficulties. (reduce)

4. Recycling helps control environmental … . (pollute)





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